Benjamin F. Cater
Benjamin F. Cater was the owner of Kelvin Grove
Plantation on St. Simons Island. Many of the people he enslaved intermarried with
those of the Retreat Plantation, before and after the Civil War.
According to history, Benjamin's father, Thomas Cater, was murdered by his own wife, Elizabeth Cater, and the overseer with whom she was having an affair.
Benjamin was taken by an enslaved man, Ben, to Retreat Plantation, due to Ben's fear that the child would be murdered as well.
William Page, of Retreat, became young Benjamin's guardian until he reached his majority and could maintain the Kelvin Grove plantation on his own.
Inventories & Appraisements Vol. D pgs.
[Glynn County Probate Court]
The following is a list of enslaved people sold by
Hugh F. Grant from
the estate of B.F. Cater, and who purchased them.
5 June 1841
Joe for $580
The groups of enslaved persons purchased by duBignon, Berrie, Dart, Grant, and Armstrong offer a bit of confusion. Lucy, purchased by duBignon was not listed on the original estate inventory, which suggests she may have been born between 1840 and 1841.
Then, Berrie purchased Judyann and two men named John, one of which, is not listed in the family grouping from the inventory listing John, Liddy, Clarissa, Charlotte, Jacob, Joe, Nelly, and Davy. Was Judyann really Liddy? Who was this other John? Was he really Joe? Or was he John from the next family grouping?
Benjamin left 1/3 of his estate to his wife, Margaret K. Cater, which included enslaved persons and land in Liberty County and the remaining 2/3 went to his daughter, Ann Cater and should she die, her share reverted back to her stepmother and vice versa.
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