Robert Farmer, son of
Charles Farmer from England born in 1799 and Margaret Spencer in 1812,
was born in Northam, Western Australia on July 12, 1841; according
to Western Australia Dictionary of Early Settlers. Other census
records give his birth as 1845 and 1848; depending on which source you
examine. Charles, his father, and
Nora’s children, according to the Bicentennial Dictionary of
Western Australia Pre 1829-1888, Vol ll, are recorded as “Charles,
born in 1832, died 1854; Jane Elizabeth born in 1834, died 1903;
Thomas born in 1835, 1900; William born in 1836, drowned 1839; Mary Ann
born in 1838; John born in 1840, died 1903; Robert born 1841, died 1903
(USA); William born in 1843, died 1867; dtr. born and died in 1844; and
Eleanor born in 1844, died 1913.” Charles was permitted to select 210
acres of land and owned Sth Perth Swan Loc 41 & 10 acres at Rottnest
in addition to Perth Loc 527in Adelaide Terrace. Records reveal he
worked as a shipwright, a fish curer and a gardener.
The sentence "Charles, his father, and Nora's children"
is obviously incorrect, but I have seen it corrected in a later version
of this document. Also in this later essay version, at the very
end of this paragraph the sentence was finished with "gardener;
and died of tetanus."
Arriving in America aboard a whaling ship in 1861, Robert Farmer’s
occupation for the census years listed was that of a bar pilot and/or a
seaman, over the 3 census periods and he resided in Brunswick, Georgia.
The 1870 US Federal Census Records of Glynn County, Georgia list Robert
at age 25, as a seaman, living in the household of John Silvan, age 40,
who was also a seaman. Robert eventually married a woman 10 years
younger than he was, in 1875, named Algenora "Nora" Chubb who was born
in Georgia; the daughter of James Alexander and Matilda Florence
(Harris) Clubb. Robert Farmer married into one of the old families of
Glynn and Camden counties and may have benefited from his wife's
family connection to the maritime trade. Robert Farmer and Algenora
Clubb were issued a license on March 10, 1875 by William Berrie and
executed that day by N.B. Ousley, M.G. in Book B page 94 of the marriage
records; according to Mrs. Amy Hendrick. Other information provided by
other individuals says Robert Farmer and Algenora Clubb were issued a
license on May 5, 1873 by William A. Berrie and it was executed on May
19, 1873 by H.B. Treadwell M. G.; and yet another source, which may or
may not be correct, stated Robert Farmer and Miss Algenora Clubb was
issued a license on May 5, 1873, which was executed on March 10, 1875 by
Lucas, M.G.Odd; posing several contradictions unless they perhaps had
I don't have to be the source for the marriage
and I'm not a Mrs. :-) and in a later document he does have my name
spelled correctly in this instance. The actual marriage record is
recorded in our local marriage book which is the source Mr. Gray should
http://content.sos.state.ga.us/u?/countyfilm,20681 Notice the
typo in Algenora's maiden name. I've pointed this out several
times and he still hasn't corrected this.
Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australia Pre 1829-1888, Vol 2
by Rica Erikson, lists Robert and Nora’s children as “Robert, Roland,
Durward, Algie died infant, Dollie died c.1885 at 2 months, Janie & dtr.”
St. Marks Episcopal Church records the baptisms of Robert and
Algia Nora's children as follows, though some disagree with the
After the word "children"
a later document was worded: "children, and is printed
verbatim as follows, though some...".
It is printed verbatim from where Mr. Gray?
Mr. Gray copied the text
from my website then changed the wording to make it look like his own
research. But even here he has proven that he has not done the
work himself because the ORIGINAL document isn't even worded this way.
So where is this printed verbatim from? This is really sad because
I provided him with the original document; he didn't even try.
Martha Farmer, dau, 19 years old, sick daughter
of Mrs. Robt Farmer bapt 7 April 1870, witness C.H.
The original document does NOT say that
Martha was the daughter of Mrs. Robert Farmer, look for yourselves:
George Washington Farmer, son, 16 years old,
bap 16 April 1870, died that night
Barnard Newton, son 14 years old, baptized on
his sick bed on 13 July 1870 (V1, pg 64) no sponsors
Robert Mortimer Farmer, son, b. 20 Jan 1876,
bap 22 Aug 1879, sponsors Mr. & Mrs. Hine, Marianna Clubb
Algia Lorena, b. 21, Dec 1878, baptized 22 Aug
1879 - sponsors Mr & Mrs. Hine and Marianna Clubb (V2/pgs
86/87), died as an infant
Dolly Farmer, b. 31, Mar 1885, bap 20 April
1885, no sponsors
Roland Lee Farmer, son, b. 18 May 1877,
bap 22 Aug 1878
Robert and Nora have children that are only a few years younger than
them? Martha would have been born in 1851 when Robert was 10 years
old and Algenora wasn't even born yet! Martha, George Washington,
and Barnard Newton Farmer are children of William & Rachel Farmer, look at the census records! Just because they have the last name
of Farmer and are in the Brunswick church records doesn't make them the
children of Robert & Algenora.
Click here and
look at the
documents page to see the VERBATIM records.
Amy Hendricks [here
my name is misspelled and I'm not a Mrs.] of
Brunswick, Georgia states, on the other hand though no sources were
provided, that the children of Robert and Algenora Clubb Farmer were;
Robert Mortimer born 20
Jan. 1876 death unknown.
Roland Lee born 18 May 1877
died 13 March 1945 in Patchogue, Suffolk Co., New York
Angel [Algia Lorena] born
21 Dec. 1878 died 23 Apr. 1880
Aurora [male] born abt.
January 1881 death unknown
Dolly born 31 March 1885
died 28 May 1885
Janey born abt. December
1890, death unknown.
copy of this essay from 2006 did not have the above paragraph, it seems
that Mr. Gray is attacking me by stating I didn't provide any sources.
When I told him the children, I also sent him my sources. So I
don't understand why he says I didn't provide sources. I even
created a web page of sources.
that, but an actual letter written by Algenora (Clubb) Farmer states
in her owns words: "Robert is the oldest with blue eyes
Roland has large black eyes and Durward is the baby boy with black eyes
too you know we lost our girls..." This letter was written on
3 June 1885 and sent to Alice Eaton (a niece of Robert's still living in
found were photos of only 4 children. In a letter dated 1 June
1885 to Alice from Robert, it was written: "...she took a
severe cold lingered six weeks and died Alice my heart is broken our
hopes of our little girl was crush and blighted her name was Dollie..."
Further in this letter he states that "we have only three children
living Robert[,] Roland[, and] Durward[;] Algie and Dollie the little girls
Then in a
letter dated 15 February 1897 from Nora to Eleanor (Farmer) Hitchcock
the sister of Robert, Nora states "...did you ever receive the photos
I sent you of Janie our little daughter and one of our boys..."
All of these letters and the photos were supplied in the book "The
Story of Rock Vale and Malabaine".
the Record Book HH pages 501 to 503 there is a record of a deed between
James S. Blain & John I. Harris of the first part and Robert Farmer of
on the second part. The deed was dated March 20, 1874 and Robert
Farmer was buying land next door to the father of the woman he married;
Mr. James A. Clubb. James A. Clubb, Robert’s father-in-law,
was a rice planter on Cumberland Island in Camden County, Georgia.
He was also the lighthouse keeper for Cumberland Island as well as being
a bar pilot. James A. Clubb was descended from John Clubb, one of
the officers from Oglethorpe's 42nd Regiment of the Foot. John
Clubb received a King's Grants to properties on St Simons Island and
Cumberland Island as one of the original colonists. Because he was
an officer and a gentleman, he paid his own way to the America, had a
large household and his grants from King George were substantial in the
“new colony”. John Clubb fought in the Revolutionary War, for the
Patriots, and is buried in the family cemetery on the north end of
story of interest that pertained to James A. Clubb, Nora’s father, is a
notorious case in the area. The famous schooner-yacht “Wanderer”, pride
of the New York Yacht Club, put in to Port Jefferson Harbour in April
1858 to be fitted out for the slave trade. Everyone looked the other
way, which suggests that kind of thing was not unusual, except that the
surveyor of the port reported his suspicions to the federal officials.
The ship was seized and towed to New York, but her captain talked and
possibly bought his way out and was allowed to sail for Charleston,
Fitting out was
completed in South Carolina, the “Wanderer” was cleared by Customs and
she sailed to Africa where she took aboard some 600 Africans slaves. On
November 28, 1858, the “Wanderer” reached Jekyll Island, Georgia, where
she illegally unloaded the 465 survivors of what is generally called the
last shipment of slaves to arrive in the United States. There was a
long and very public legal battle over the ship and the slaves were
brought in. James Clubb turned state's witness against the owners and
his journal entries from that event are today in a museum on Jekyll
Robert left Australia on a whaler in 1861, became a Harbour Pilot Master
and a boat owner in Brunswick, Georgia and upon the outbreak of the
American Civil War, according to oral history and records in
Western Australia where he was born, served in the Confederate services
in an infantry unit; reportedly the 26th Georgia Infantry, known as the
Brunswick Rifles. Though he is said not to be shown on their rosters..
Some records also indicate he may have been a member of the 27th Georgia
Regiment; which is where the complication may have arisen. Robert
Farmer, in 1866, was joined in Georgia by his brother, Christian
Mortimer Farmer, who married one of Nora's sisters. This is noted
in Nora's obituary with reference to her sister, Mrs. U.M. Farmer. The
"U" however, was a misprint for "C" by the newspaper. Her name was Mrs.
C.M. Farmer. The early Brunswick papers were notorious for misstating
details and names.
In a later document, the first sentence states "according
to family oral history". From the book
mentioned above (Rock Vale...) it was stated: "Robert the
seventh child left Western Australia on an American Whaling vessel in
1861. On reaching America he got caught up in the Civil War."
In NO WAY DOES THIS SAY HE FOUGHT FOR THE CONFEDERACY!
The sentence that starts "Though he is said
not to be shown..." was replaced in a later
edition with the following: "Unfortunately he is not to be shown on their rosters.
There are records, however, that show him as a member of the 27th
Georgia Regiment, which is where one of several complications have
arisen; but again he is not shown on those rosters under the name of
Robert but as Robert L., and on some records he was recorded with the
erroneous entry of “ Robert Fanner” instead of Farmer. On the first page
of one of his captured Confederate records it gives the city of
his enlistment and reads: “Lewisville (Australian Soldier)”. Robert
Farmer, in 1866, was joined..." This
paragraph was changed because Mr. Gray claims he found the proof that
Robert was a Confederate Veteran of the 27th GA. Unfortunately
this document was altered and the original never had this statement: "Lewisville
(Australian Soldier)". So that puts us
back at square one, finding the military document that does confirm his
service because this document has been tainted.
In his own words Robert Farmer stated that he
had been in the U.S. for 25-30 years and that he was 42 or 3 years old
at the time of his writing (this in the letter mentioned above dated 1
June 1885). That would mean that he was in the US as early as 1855
and as late as 1860 and that he was born about 1842-3. So yes, he
did get caught up in the war, but did he serve in a military outfit and
if so, was it Confederate or Union?
1900 census record states that Charles M. Farmer was born in October
1853, which is an error, in
Australia and that his parents were born in Scotland. Charles married
Mary Clubb Farmer, Nora's sister and with a daughter named Nina Farmer
lived in Dublin, Laurens County, Georgia. Robert's parents and siblings,
according to the 1866 - 1870 census of Macon, Bibb County, Georgia,
arrived in the U.S. during that same period. Robert’s brother John A.
Farmer, a Grocer, and his wife Agnes, both were born in Scotland,
immigrated to the U.S. and settled in Macon, Bibb County, Georgia.
Charles Farmer mentioned above DID NOT marry
Mary Clubb the sister of Algenora. Mary Clubb married Ulysses
Mortimer Roberts on 22 July 1872 (license on file in Glynn County
Probate Court Book B pg. 27 and can also be found online here:
As far as is known, they only had two children
that lived past 1910:
Dallas A. Roberts and Ida Roberts, both girls. And according to family
descendants Robert was the only one to come to the U.S. Not only
that, but Mr. Gray just stopped in 1900 with Charles. In 1910 CHRISTIAN FARMER
and his wife Mary were living in Taylor County, Georgia. The 1900
Laurens County census actually lists him as Chr and the rest is
illegible. In 1910 he is 55 and his wife is 48, they aged ten
years from the 1900 census. In 1930 they are in Effingham County
and they are exactly 20 years older. Mr. Gray has yet again
attached the wrong person to Robert Farmer. Not to mention that
Robert's brother Charles DIED in 1854 how could he possibly be in
the 1900 census let alone 1930? And furthermore, Christian was
listed in the 1870 Bibb County census as a child (not necessarily a son
mind you) in the home of John & Agnes Farmer. So how could
Christian and his
possible father John both be brother's of Robert Farmer?
Mr. Gray's own documentation states that
Robert's parents died in Australia, why then does he state they came to
the US? Not only does he ignore facts that other people show him,
but he ignores his own fact finding.
In 1902 it appears as
though Robert Farmer, Sr. and Robert Farmer, Jr. may have had a falling
out over a loan, as the following was found in the Superior Court files:
“Farmer, Robert Sr.
vs. Robert Farmer, Jr. & W.H. Davenport writ of error Mr. Farmer loaned the
defendants $300 to buy the Elks Saloon and they still owe him $100. Went
from Superior to Justice Court to Supreme Court. Spanned from May 1901
to 29 June 1902; Civil Minutes Vol. 4 folio 689; Final Record Vol. 7 pg.
That same year brought tragedy to
the family and an end to the Farmer legend.
This record is from my website, typed in the format I used to record
this document. Mr. Gray did not research this himself; that's why
he doesn't say anymore on the matter, and really it's not of importance
to this essay if you are not going to explore the case further; why
mention it at all?
Robert Farmer, Sr. died of tetanus, according to Western Australia
Dictionary of Early Settlers, on August 22, 1903, but is listed in
the records of the probate court and the St. Marks Episcopal church
records as having died on Sunday, August 31, 1902 He died intestate and
was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery; his grave is identified as lot B-75.
Robert, Algin Louisa who died on April 23, 1880 and Dolly who died on
May 28, 1855 are all buried in “Oak Grove Cemetery”. Robert was buried
by Wyllys Rede; the other two being buried by Henry E. Lucas. It was
related that Algin Louisa and Dolly’s graves are said to be in the
family plot, but are not marked by stones and that Robert’s grave, in
the center, is flanked by those of his two wives; but this has not been
confirmed. They may in fact be the graves of Algin and Dolly.
After the sentence that ends with "B-75"
and before the sentence that begins
"Robert, Algin Louisa who died..." the following
sentences were entered: "Robert Farmer was buried in an unmarked gravesite, but due to continued
research a headstone was acquired by James Gray of the Sons of
Confederate Veterans in Australia from the American Veterans
Administration. It was shipped to the Brunswick, Georgia Sons of
Thomas Marsh Forman Camp 485, who organised a
dedication ceremony for his new headstone; a fitting tribute for an
Apparently a headstone was obtained and sent to
the local SCV; however, it has not been placed. I sincerely hope
that the local SCV does their own research before they place this
marker. Since I wasn't hired by the SCV to research Robert Farmer,
nor was Mr. Gray hired, the local SCV should have their own researcher
do the work, and make their own conclusions.
Mark's records show that Robert died 29 August 1902 and was buried 31
August 1902. The Glynn County Mortuary book merely states that he
died in August 1902 from a possible heart attack possibly attributed to
diabetes and that he was "shipped from Atlanta, GA" meaning he might
have died there. Algenora stated that Robert died 30 August 1902
in the estate papers she filed to be appointed administratrix to her
husband's estate. She signed this petition on 29 December 1902.
None of these records say he died on 31 August 1902 as claimed above by
Dolly died in 1885 not 1855. There are no
records to confirm who is buried in plot B75, for all we know it may not
even be the Farmer family. The records on file at the local
cemetery office were re-typed by other researchers. There are no
original cemetery books, therefore one can not know beyond a shadow of a
doubt that the Farmer family is buried here, especially when there
aren't even any tombstones for the family located anywhere in the entire
cemetery. I'm sure they are buried in this cemetery, but without a
tombstone or an original document recorded during the time period they
were interred, one can not assume anything.
Clubb Farmer, Robert’s wife, died on Saturday, December 25, 1909 at 55
years of age, also intestate. She was survived by four children; sons,
R.L. Farmer and Derwood Farmer, and one daughter, Miss Janie Farmer. Her
daughter Janie was named executrix of her estate and with her mother's
death also the executrix of her father's remaining estate.
Algenora died on the 24th of December, Mr. Gray
is using the obituary date as the death date.
Mr. Gray quotes that she was survived by four children but only lists 3
(all four were named in the obit); he is copying the obit information
without confirming its accuracy, just as he did with Mary Clubb above. She was listed in Algenora's obit
as Mrs. U.M. Farmer; he took that to mean C.M. Farmer. When in
fact it is U.M. Roberts.
According to the “South Australia Advertiser” newspaper,
Robert Farmer once joined
a whaling ship in Western Australia, was later known as Captain Farmer
and is the great grand-uncle of Carmen Lawrence; former Premier of
Western Australia. Calvin Hart of
Jacksonville Florida, whose friend is an avid collector of Civil War
memorabilia, has graciously provided us with what is said to be a
picture of Robert Farmer.
The photo of Robert Farmer at the beginning of
this document does not resemble the one that
family members have of him. Carmen Lawrence was the daughter of
Ernest Richard Lawrence and Mary Norma Watson, I have no idea how Robert
was her great grand uncle since I haven't any information on Robert's
siblings, maybe someone out there can go back further and show the
Robert’s brother Charles died in 1854, Jane in 1903, Thomas in 1900,
William in 1867, and Eleanor in 1913. Before his death in 1854, Charles
in 1849 exchanged his father’s 10 acres at Rottnest for a canning
location, made exploration to the north of settled districts in 1854
with an R. Austin; Mt. Magnet and towards Shark Bay. He died of tetanus
after a gun accident and was buried 23 miles northeast of Mt. Magnet.
This is just an editorial note, but this
paragraph could be omitted.
Census, DeSoto Parish, Mansfield, Georgia
Federal Census Records, Glynn County, Georgia
Hendrick, Glynn County, Georgia
Mr. Gray has spelled my name 3 different ways
in this document!
Dictionary of Western Australia" Pre 1829-1888, Vol ll, D-J, Rica
Erikson, page 1014
Cemetery Listings of Glynn
This isn't a complete source, where did the listing come from?
"Dictionary of Western
Australians; 1829 - 1914", Rica Erikson
G. Cotterell, Registry of
Births, Deaths & Marriages, Perth Western Australia
George Spooner, Busselton
Gerard Foley, Archivist,
State Records Office of Western Australia
Glynn County Archives,
Where are the Glynn County Archives?
Oak Grove cemetery
records, Brunswick, Georgia
Obituary, Nora Farmer,
Probate Court Records,
Sons of Confederate
Veterans, Camp 485
St. Marks Episcopal
Church, Record Books, Brunswick, Georgia
Who supplied these records,
Superior Court Records,
Susan Peterson, Seattle,
Tim Daiss, Staff Writer,
Verna Nazzari, Family
History Society of Rockingham & Districts Inc.