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The Brunswick News


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Thursday 14 February 1901

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REMOVING GRAVES AT OAK GROVE CEMETERY—The Gruesome Work Commenced Yesterday—All the Old Dead Confederate Veterans Will Have to be Removed

            The hilarity and glee Brunswick has recently been undergoing because of the coming of the Brunswick & Birmingham railroad, has suddenly developed into a gruesomeness which beggars description. Not that the road is not a certainty; indeed, the cause for this sudden revolution in the sentiment of the people is proof positive that it is coming—aye, and is now under construction!
            When the route of the proposed new line through the city was mapped out, every conceivable plan was resorted to by the civil engineers to prevent the right-of-way passing through Oak Grove cemetery, one of the most picturesque cities of the dead in the South. Because of former concessions made by the city to the Southern railway for its tracks along Cochran avenue, the only really available entrance to the city, sufficient room for another set of tracks does not exist without including some thirty feet of the land of Oak Grove cemetery, which traversed Cochran avenue.
            The city council took the matter up, and finally, by resolution, gave permission for about fifty of the bodies to be removed, and yesterday Sexton C.G. Moore commenced the gruesome task of exhuming the bodies, and by sundown fifteen of the long-resting sleepers had been removed to new graves.
            A sad feature of the case is that some twenty-five Confederate soldiers are buried in the path of the right-of-way, and these brave fellows, who followed Lee and Johnson and Jackson, will have to yield their hallowed places to the iron wheels of commerce.
            While Brunswick citizens generally deplore this situation, they cannot allow a sentiment to prevent the coming of this great trunk line, connecting the City-by-the-sea with the Golden Gate. In consequence, the old followers of the stars and bars will be reverentially and tenderly laid away in new resting places, ‘neath the beautiful blue Southern sky they loved so well; and on April 26th, Brunswick’s soldiery will fire volleys of honor over new, but none the less, revered “soldiers’ graves."



Wednesday 14 August 1901

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            One of the boldest robberies ever recorded in Brunswick occurred yesterday morning about 9 o’clock, when two negroes entered the home of Mr. James Shriver, near Palmetto cemetery.
            Mr. Shriver was at work in his field at the time and saw the two negroes enter his house. Not having any weapon on his person he hastened to his nearest neighbor, and secured a shot gun. On his return he saw the two negroes still in the house. As soon as they saw Mr. Shriver, one drew his pistol and fired, one of the bullets passed through the brim of Mr. Shriver’s hat. He fired the gun at the daring negro, who stood before him with an armful of clothing, etc., which he had taken from the house. Mr. Shriver’s aim was good and the shot took effect in the negro’s face, but did not seem to seriously injure him. Only one barrel of the shotgun was loaded and Mr. Shriver was therefore at the mercy of the negro, who, with his postil in the white man’s face, demanded him to give up the gun, which of course did.
            The negro then, with two suits of clothes, the gun and several other things, made for the nearby woods. The other negro made good his escape while the fight was in progress.
            Mr. Shriver came to the city and reported the affair to the authorities, who at once started to work on the case. Mr. Shriver did not know either one of the negroes by name, but gave the officers a very good descrigtion [sic], and it is thought that they will be captured, as one of the negroes as a load of gunshot in his face.
            The affair created considerable excitement in the neighborhood of the cemetery as nothing of the kind has ever before occurred. The negroes saw Mr. Shriver at work in his field and although it was broad open day, they thought it a good time to make the steal. Mr. Shriver could not tell exactly what the negroes stole but missed two suits of clothes and many other things.



Thursday 15 August 1901

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ARE STILL AT LARGE—Negroes Who Had Difficulty With Mr. Shriver Have Not Been Captured.

            The two negroes who entered the home of Mr. Shriver on Tuesday have neither been captured, although the officers have been hard at work on the case.
            Deputy Sheriff Pyles spent all of Tuesday night in and around Everett City, where he thought he would catch the wounded negro, but he was not seen anywhere in that neighborhood.
            It is the general impression of the officers that the wounded negro is somewhere in the city and they are still looking for him.



Thursday 22 August 1901

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ANOTHER PRISONER CAUGHT—Sheriff Berrie Captures Tom Johnson Wanted for Shooting a Negro.

            Sheriff Berrie yesterday placed in jail Tom Johnson, a negro who was wanted for shooting another negro some days ago.
            The sheriff was at his home when he saw Johnson passing by. The negro had with him the shot gun which was taken from Mr. Shriver by the two negro burglars last week.



Sunday 9 February 1902

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OFFICERS ELECTED—Kings Daughters Held a Very Interesting Meeting Friday

            The Daughters of Confederacy held the regular monthly meeting Friday at the residence of the president Mrs. R.R. Hopkins.
            There was a large attendance and a very interesting meeting, much business being transacted. The yearly election of officers was held, resulting in unanimous reelection of most of those who held office during the past year. Among these were Mrs. R.R. Hopkins, who has made a very able and successflu [sic] president; Mrs. C.L. Candler, vice president; Mrs. S.S. Lloyd, treasurer; Mrs. J.A. Butts, historian.
            All of these ladies have proven valuable and efficient officers and deserved the flattering testimony their prompt re-election gave.
            Mrs. C.S. Wylly was elected second vice president, Mrs. J.A. Montgomery registrar. The chapter is in a flourishing condition and the members evince much interest and enthusiasm. Among the good work they contemplate doing in the near future, is the placing of a stone coping around the lot where the Confederate heroes rest in Oak Grove cemetery.



Tuesday 29 April 1902

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CAPTURED A THIEF—“Baby Graham, Colored, Placed Behind the Bars.

            Officer Luther Lamb, early Sunday morning, captured “Baby” Graham, a negro well known in criminal circles in Brunswick and Glynn county. Graham Saturday night robbed a negro woman of her groceries. The case was reported to the officers and Policeman Lamb soon had him behind the bars.
            Graham is a bad negro, and will no doubt serve a term on the chaingang. He is now under bond on the charge of assault with intent to kill. He is also the negro who was tried at the last session of the superior court for being implicated in the Shriver robbery, but was acquitted as there was no one who could identify him. Since the trial, however, it is understood that the negro has made the statement that he was a party to the robbery.
            Officer Lamb is also of the opinion that in capturing Graham he has the man who has been entering the suburban stores lately, three or four of them having been entered during the past few weeks.



Saturday 24 May 1902

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            The Oak Grove Cemetery Society, having received from the public the means for carrying on its work, hereby submit its first annual report.
            The condition of Oak Grove cemetery, previous to march 1, 1901, is too well known for comment. A few ladies, seeing the wilderness, of weeds, the piles of trash, the fallen fences, the dilapidated building, all surrounded by a rusty iron fence, determined to unite in an effort to improve the place confident that all which was needed was systematic work and a moderate amount of money to pay a workman.
            Their first encouragement was an offer of $50 a year from Captain Jos. Lasserre to pay the wages of a man to keep him all the time.
            A meeting was called for March 2, 1901, at which bout twenty ladies twenty ladies [sic] were present and the following officers were elected by ballot: Mrs. G.O. Wilder, president; Mrs. T.F. Smith, vice president; Mrs. J.A. Montgomery, secretary, Mrs. A.C. Banks, treasurer.
            It was decided to solicit monthly subscriptions from those interested and Mrs. T.F. Smith was apnointed [sic] solicitor for the southern portion of the city and Mrs. Young, assisted by Mrs. Colesberry, for the northern portion.
            After a week or two, the reports of the committees warranted the offer of $4,00 [commas were used in currency throughout the article] weekly to a workman, and a young white man was meployed [sic], he makingg [sic] his appliccation [sic] before an assembled meeting. In July, this man gave up the position and a colored man was employed at $4,50 per week, who is still at work at $5,00 per week. Several times during the year, when the needs were growing very fast, the society was obliged to hire an extra man for a few days.
            The work at the cemetery has been personally superintended the president, who was assisted by Mrs. Jos. Lasserre, to whose good taste and love for flowers, the beautiful floral effect is mostly due. These ladies are at the cemetery every Wednesday and Saturday afternoon to whom all complaints and requests should be made [from “-plaints” to “made’ is upside down], and should not to the workman.
            From March 2, 1901, to April, 1902, the society held twenty meetings, all proceedings of which have been recorded in the secretary’s book, the secretary and treasurer both resigning during the summer on account of ill health. There being no ladies who could conveniently fill their places the president assumed their duties until the end of the year.
            The collectors appointed for the year were Mrs. T.F. Smith and Mrs. J.E. Young, the latter assisted by Mrs. J.E. Young and Mrs. Christie, Mrs. Jennings collecting for a short time. The amount collected by the ladies during the year was $261,00, the amount paid out $258.50. All money not required for immediate use has been deposited in the Brunswick Bank and Trust Company.
            Mrs. Smith was treasurer of the department during the past year and was re-elected for the ensuing year.
            The regular society dues are five cents a month are used for incidental purposes. The amount collected was $12,10, all of which was expended for tools, drayage and stationary [sic].
At the request of the society the city rermoved the old building and for months material and funds were solicited for a new one, and there is now finished and paid for a little chapel suitable for a place to hold society meetings, for funerals and the storage of the workman’s tools.
            For the drawing and specifications genthe [sic] society is indebted to the generosity of Geo. W. Lane, architect, Atlanta. For building material thanks are due Mr. A.C. Banks, Mr. Torras, Mr. Sizer, Mr. Conzelman, Mr. Miller and Mr. Anderson. For shingles, Lang & Wood and Mrs. Christie, for oil and paint Mr. Johannesen and Mr. J. Mason and fo [sic] nails, Mr. J. O’Connor. Mr. Baldwin very kindly laid the brick work free of charge. Mr. Lytle painted the gate arch. Mr. Jennings contributed a bible and Mrs. Young a chair. Thanks are due Mr. McCreary for valuable assistance during the year.
            For the cash expense of the chapel the city appropriated $75 and 78 citizens contributed sums from ten cents to twelve dollas [sic], aggregating $100. Every name is recorded. The value of the chapel is stimated [sic] at $400.
            Th [sic] city anticipated our wishes and painted the fence and also appropriated $3.00 weekly and this,, [sic] with our regular subscriptions, will enable us to keep a man at work all the time during the present year.
            Again we thank all who have so cheerfully assisted us in accomplishing even more than we expected to do when the year began.

Mrs. G.O. Wilder, President.
Mrs. T.F. Smith, Vice President.



Sunday 21 September 1902

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BRUNSWICK NEGROES THERE – A Number of Them Were in the Stampede at Birmingham

            A number of well known Brunswick negroes were in the great stampede at Birmingham Friday night, in which 78 people were killed and 80 injured, but it is not known whether or not any of the Brunswick negroes were injured.
            The negroes were there attending the national convention of Baptists. Two members of the choir became engaged in a fight. Some one cried: “They are fighting,” and the delegates understood it “There is fire.” Everyone made a run for the doors and the above number were killed and injured in the stampede.
            The full list of fatalities has not been ascertained, therefore it is not known whether or not any of the local negroes were injured.



Saturday 22 November 1902

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MAD WITH MOTHER DROWNED CHILD—PECULIAR MURDER CASE AT FANCY BLUFF, THIS COUNTY, YESTERDAY—WOMAN IS NOW IN JAIL—She Was Brought Here Early This Morning by M.T. Scarlett—Says She is Innocent of the Charge Against Her.

            News was received in the city at an early hour this morning of a peculiar murder case which occurred at Fancy Bluff yesterday morning, and Bessie Gale, a negro girl about 18 years of age, is in the county jail charged with the crime.
            Her victim is a little negro girl about 5 years old. The storry [sic] as told by M.T. Scarlet, who brought the woman over this morning, is as follows:
            It seems that a few days ago Julia Dunham, mother of the child, and Bessie Gale, the accused, had a quarrel and bad blood has existed between them since.
            Yesterday morning the mother of the child was at work, and an older sister sent the little one to its mother. The child never arrived and a search followed. The tracks of the girl were traced for a few hundred yards down the road.
            There the foot prints of the little negro were joined by those of a woman. The two branched off and their tracks lead to a little creek about a quarter of a mile from the road. There the child was found, drowned. The tracks of the woman were traced to the scene, and it is thought that, being mad with the mother of the child, the woman took the little one’s life for revenge.
            On the child’s body were several marks of violence which indicate that the little one was forced into the water.
            The affair caused considerable excitement in the vicinity and the colored population of the place was very indignant.
            The Gale woman claims that she is innocent and says she never saw the child during the day. There were no eye witnesses to the affair and it will no doubt be a hard mater [sic] to prove her guilty, still the negroes of Fancy Bluff are strong of the belief that she drowned the chcild [sic].



Tuesday 25 November 1902

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PRELIMINARY HEARING—Bessie Gale, Colored, to Be Tried on the Charge of Murder.

            Bessie Gale the young negro girl who is charged with drowning a child at Fancy Bluff a few days ago, will be given a preliminary hearing before Justice Conoly [sic] tomorrow morning.
            Coroner Jenning [sic] went over to Fancy Bluff Saturday and held an inquest over the body of the child, and while the jury was unable to secure any evidence that would show conclusively that the woman was guilty, a verdict was returned charging her with the crime.
            A number of witnesses have been summoned from the place and the case will no doubt be a very interesting one. Attorney Max Isaac will represent the Gale woman.



Wednesday 26 November 1902

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PRELIMINARY HEARING TODAY—Bessie Gale, the negro woman charged with murdering a child at Fancy Bluff last week, will be given a preliminary hearing before Justice Conoly [sic] today. The case has attracted considerable attention and a large crowd will no doubt attend the trial.



Thursday 27 November 1902

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            The case of Bessie Gale, charged with the murder of Martha Dunham, a 6-year-old child, at Fancy Bluff, last week, was yesterday preliminarily investigated in Justice Conoly’s [sic] court.
            This appears to be as flagrant and as heinous a case of murder as has ever occurred in Glynn county, and we feel that it is our duty to invoke the stern hand of the law in the matter referred to.
            From the evidence in traduced yesterday it seems that Bessie Gale, a full-grown young negress, for the simple reason that a feud existed between her family and that of the Dunhams, not only murdered a helpless child of six years, but before doing so unmercifully beat the little tot into insensibility and then threw the body into the bayou a few yards away.
            Glynn county has been recalcitrant for many years in the manner of punishment to her murderers and although at least two dozen of such crimes have been committed within the confines of the county in the last decade only one murderer has been put to death during a period of fifty years.
            The execution of a human being is a serious proposition, at the same time we feel that the law of the land should prevail and while we are not passing judgment on Bessie Gale, at the same time. If she is guilty of the reprehensible crime with which she stands charged we trust and we indulge the hope that a Glynn county jury will “render under Caesar those things which are Caesar’s."



Thursday 27 November 1902

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            The case of Bessie Gale, the Fancy Bluff negress, charged with the murder of little Martha Dunham, was preliminarily heard in the Glynn superior court room yesterday, with Justice of the Peace J.W. Conoly presiding. Solicitor Colson, of the city court, appeared in behalf of the state, and Attorney Max Isaac represented the defendant.
            The accused might best be described as a totally ignorant negro woman of some eighteen years. She appeared in the court room yesterday morning decidedly ungroomed, shows the beastly instinct and is a very unpleasant defendant to say the least of it.
            While in court yesterday she appeared absolutely indifferent as to what was happening, and when damaging testimony was introduced displayed absolutely no concern.
            The circumstances leading up to this case are of a sensational nature and show an utter abandonment on the part of the defendant.
            It appears that the families of Gale and Dunham, who reside near the bluff at Fancy Bluff had had some trouble because it was alleged that one of the Dunham children had stolen a Gale chicken and had sold it to the family of Mr. Ratcliffe, who lives nearby.
            When the Gales were advised of this difference they sought the Dunhams, confessed that one of their children had sold the chicken as stated above, and promptly refunded to the Dunhams fifteen cents, the amount received for the chicken.
            It seems, however, that Bessie Gale, was not satisfied with this and openly stated that unless the chicken was returned one of the Dunham children would be missing.
            On the afternoon of the murder the Gale woman appeared at the Dunham home and seeing little Martha alone called her and taking her some hundred yards form [sic] home beat her into insensibility and finally threw the body into a little bayou near the house. As soon as the child was missed the parents began to search and securing a valuable clue very soon located the dead body of their child in some two feet of water.
            The coroner’s jury was summoned, and, upon investigation, found that the body was terribly mutilated and was one mass of wounds about the neck and face. A verdict of murder was returned and the hearing yesterday was attended by a large number of Fancy Bluff people.
            Some fifteen or twenty women were examined during the trial yesterday, which continued until late in the afternoon and Judge Conoly finally he[??] the defendant for murder and she was bound over to the coming session of the superior court.
            The crime, from all accounts, is a dastardly one, and it seems very likely that the gallows awaits the defendant.



Tuesday 2 June 1903

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NEGRO GOT 25 YEARS—Colored Poisoner to Serve a Long Term in Penitentiary.

            Will Adams, the negro who has been in the Glynn county jail for several weeks, charged with poisoning a number of people at [sic] social party given at the residence of Mrs. J.K. Nightengale, an account of which appeared exclusively in the News at the time, was arraigned in the superior court for trial yesterday, and he plead [sic] guilty and was sentenced to serve twenty-five years in the penitentiary.
            Three cases were made against Adams and sixteen could have been made, as that is the number that he poisoned. In each cases [sic] he entered a plea of guilty and in two of these cases he was sentenced to serve ten years and five on the other.
            Adams also implicates the cook, Johannah Macedon. The negro claims that he purchased the poison and placed it in the cream at her request with the intention of poisoning the family instead of the visitors. The woman was arrested and placed in jail yesterday afternoon.
            The negro will be sent to the penitentiary to serve his long sentence as soon as an officer comes for him.

[according to a Savannah paper, they used “Rough on Rats” as the poison—ALH]



Tuesday 15 March 1904

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ANOTHER QUIET WEDDING—Miss Janie Matthews and Mr. R.E. Langdon Married.

            Another wedding which occurred last Thursday night, but which did not come to light until Sunday morning was that of Miss Jane A. Matthews and Mr. Robert E. Langdon.
            The wedding occurred in the rear [of] Kennon Mott’s jewelry store, where Mr. Langdon is employed, Rev. C.P. Thornton performing the ceremony.
            The young couple feared that there would be parential [sic] objections, and therefore took the matter in their own hands, and nothing was known of it until Sunday.  Miss Matthews is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph MatthewsMr. Langdon is the well known watchmaker at Mott’s jewelry store.


Saturday 3 December 1904

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PAINFUL ACCIDENT—Courtland Lamb Accidentally Shot While Duck Hunting—FRIEND’S GUN DISCHARGED—That Entered His Leg Jus Above the Ankle—Accident Occurred in Small Boat at Butler’s Point Thursday Afternoon.

            Courtland S. Lamb, son of Hon. T.W. Lamb, was accidentally shot by J.L. Beach at Butler’s Point late Thursday afternoon while out duck hunting, and while the wound is not a very serious one, it has caused considerable pain to Mr. Lamb.
            The two gentlemen were out in a small boat duck hunting.  In an effort to remove the gun, which was in the bow of the boat, Mr. Beach accidentally discharged it.  Mr. Lamb was seated in the stern seat and many of the small duck shot entered his left leg, several entered his right leg, just above the ankle, while one or two scattered and entered his hip.  The bulk of the load, however, struck the seat and did no damage.
            The two gentlemen then hastened back to the house near the point and Mr. Lamb was made as comfortable as possible until yesterday afternoon when he came to the city on the steamer Hessie and was carried to the home of his uncle, Policeman J.L. Lamb, on Union street.
            Dr. A.C. Blain was summoned and dressed the wounded places.  Owing to the short range at which the gun was discharged the shot went deep into the flesh and it will be impossible to detract them.
            It was fortunate that the load did not go in a few inches higher as Mr. Lamb would have received the full contents of the load in his head or body.

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DR. G.W. BLANTON HAS A PAINFUL ACCIDENT—Dr. G.W. Blanton met with quite a painful accident yesterday morning his hand being severely cut by a broken window glass.  It seems that one of the windows in the physician’s office was broken by some unknown party and they stuck it back so that it would not be noticed.  Dr. Blanton was putting the window down when a large piece of glass fell from the window and struck him on the hand.  The thumb was almost severed and other parts of the hand were cut.  Several stitches were necessary in sewing up the cut finer.

Pg. 3 col. 3

            Lee Blue, a negro who has been wanted by the local authorities for some time, charged with stabbing Will Skipper a young white man, has been arrested in Tampa on the charge of highway robbery.  An officer will probably be sent for the criminal.


Saturday 4 August 1906

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FAY GETS MARRIED—Famous Actress Weds a Millionaire of Pittsburg—Not Announced Whether or Not the Brunswick Actress Will Now Leave the [paper covering last word—ALH]

            The following Associated Press dispatch, dated from Philadelphia will be of interest here where she went on the state:
            Announcement was made today of the marriage of Fay Templeton, the actress, to William Patterson, of Pittsburg.  The ceremony was performed by Rev. F.G. Steinmetz at the home of Dr. Giles, brother-in-law of the bride, at Ridley park, a suberg [sic].  Immediately after the wedding the couple departed on a bridal tour.
            “Beyond the statement that William J. Patterson is a wealthy resident of Pittsburg, nothing could be learned of the bridegroom at Ridley Park today, as the greatest secrecy was thron about the wedding.
            When the Rev. Mr. Steinmetz was summoned to the Giles home he supposed it was for a social visit, and when he was informed after the wedding that Fay T. Osborne was the well known actress, he was much surprised.
            There were no witnesses to the wedding.



Thursday 28 February 1907

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AN AWFUL TRAGEDY ENACTED IN LONELINESS OF SECLUDED WINDSOR PARK LAST NIGHT—HUSBAND KILLS WIFE AND SHOOTS HER COMPANION—Mrs. Lillian Davenport Short Through Heart—A.R. Brown May Die—DAVENPORT IS IN JAIL—Claims That He Did Not Do the Shooting and That He Can Prove an Alibi—Coroner’s Jury Will Hold an Inquest Over The Body This Morning.

[This article is very hard to read and, unfortunately, looks like it has a lot of helpful information that can’t be read—ALH]



Friday 8 November 1907

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            Brunswick is entertaining a very distinguished Japanese visitor just at present. In fact he is one of the best known Japanese officials in this country and has been prominent for a number of years.
            The official in question is Chozo Koike, consul general of Japan at New York. The consul arrived in the city yesterday morning and during the day he was entertained by J.T. Dent, of Hoywyl [sic], whose guest he will be for several days. Last night the consul general was a guest at the Phoenix club, where he met a number of prominent citizens.
            Consul Koike is in Brunswick for the purpose of spending a few days at the rice plantation of Mr. Dent twelve miles from the city where a colony of Japanese have been located for some time. He will go out there today and will remain probably for three or four days. He is accompanied by another prominent Japanese, H. Orkma.
            Consul Koike, who has been consul general at New York for a number of years, is an interesting talker. He speaks English almost perfect, is well posted on all current events and talks interestingly of the general political situation. At the Phoenix club last night he was met by a number of well known citizens and spent a pleasant evening.
            The Japanese colony out at Hofwyl has been there for some time and it is proving a big success. The consul was invited to come down and spend a few days with Mr. Dent and he accepted. Ths [sic] is the first time [that] he has been this far south since [he] has been in this country and he is much interested in the products, manufactures, etc., of this section of the country.



Friday 27 December 1907

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            Luther Foreman, a negro, who is a stranger in this city, was shot by Officer Jere Wilchar Wednesday night. It was at first through that the negro had been seriously and probably fatally wounded, but it developed yesterday that his wounds were only slight one [sic] and he will easily recover.
            The negro, it appears, went to the hoe of Sol Gazaway, the negro saloonist, and attempted to take charge. He was pretty well under the influence of whiskey and raised such a disturbance that the other negroes sent in a call to the police police [sic] station. Officer Wilchar responded to the call.
            When Officer Wilchar arrived he found the negro turning things up side down, and when he saw the officer he declared that he would kill him before he would go to jail. As the policeman advanced towards him Foreman reached to his hip pocket, when the officer pulled his pistol and quickly fired. The negro then made his way for an axe which was in a corner of the room and Officer Wilchar fired the second time, the bullet striking the negro in the face but only made a flesh wound.
            Foreman then picked up the axe and was advancing on the officed [sic] when the third shot was fired which brought the negro to the floor of the room.
            He was a little later removed to the city jail and then carried to the hospital. An examination was made yesterday and it was discovered that both the bullets had only inflicted flesh wounds and the negro will be out again in a few days.



Friday 27 December 1907

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            Another victim has been added to the number killed in the row at a turpentine still on the Coast Line, just above Waycross Tuesday, an account of which appeared in The News Wednesday morning. The third victim was Will Waddell, one of the negroes who played a prominent part in the fight.
            The following sent out from Waycross yesterday about the affair will be of interest:
            “The number of victims of the row among drunken negroes at Hinson & Co.’s turpentine still yesterday has been increased by the death of Will Waddell, colored, who shot and killed Wallace Dyal, the white man. Waddell had been arrested by deputies sent from Waycross to the scene of the trouble and was in a buggy with Deputy C.E. Cason, when some one slipped up from the back and, placing a pistol almost within touch of the negro’s head, fired, blowing off his head and scattering his brains over the deputy.
            The person who did the shooting was seen by Cason just before the shot was fired. Cason had stopped his horse on a public road near Millwood early this morning en route to Waycross with the prisoner, but he does not know whether it was a negro trying to shoot him or some person bent on avenging the death of Dyal.
            The negro had previously shown a tendency to resist the officer, trying twice to jump from the buggy.
            No open threats were made in the presence of the officer, but it was generally talked among the negroes that they would attempt to take whatever prisoners the officers had this morning near Fairfax. The feeling against the negroes involved in the death of Dyal was so intense at and near the scene of the disorder that justice would probably have been dealt out to whatever negroes were held by the infuriated citizens.
            Son Waddell, a relation of the negro killed this morning and the instigator of the whole riot, has been arrested by Sheriff Woodard and brought to Ware county jail. He barely escaped Millwood with his life and but for the unusual crowd at the station at train time he would have been dealt with. As it was, attempts were made to get his life, but the officer managed to bring him to Waycross.



Friday 27 December 1907

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            Anthony Sylvia, the little 13-year-old son of Frank Sylvia, who lives at the corner of North Newcastle and L[?] street, was seriously and probably fatally injured Christmas afternoon by being shot with a rifle while out in the woods near Palmetto cemetery.
            It seems that young Sylvia and two other boys were out shooting a new rifit [sic] which had been given him for Christmas. One of the youngsters placed a cartridge in the gun and cocked it, intending to shoot. A few minutes later he handed it to young Sylvia, who was carrying but did not know it was cocked. The boys were then walkng [sic] along the railroad track and Anthony was holding the riffle [sic] stock downward in his right hand. In some way the trigger hit against a crosstie and the rifle was discharged. The bullet entered the young boy’s neck and he fell to the ground.
            His two companions were nearly frightened to death. They left the boy near the track and hastened to the city to tell what had happend [sic].
            The mother was notified and she and several others rushed to the scene, finding the little fellow lying in a pool of blood. It was thought at first that he would die from the loss of blood.
            He was uickly [sic] brought to the city and a physician summoned. The little fellow was found to be in a serious condition and it was feared that he would not live throughout the night but he rallied yesterday and was reported to be greatly improved last night.



Saturday 1 May 1909

Pg. 8 col. 3

            WEDDING LAST NIGHT—A party of young people appeared at the residence of Rev. C.P. Thornton last evening at 6 o’clock and witnessed the wedding of Mr. Ollie Smith and Miss Annie Joiner. Miss Joiner is a native of St. Marys and Mr. Smith is a native of Brunswick and is at present a popular member of the fire department. The young couple will reside at Mrs. Mershon’s at corner of F and Reynolds streets. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have the congratulations and good wishes of all their friends.



Wednesday 8 May 1909

Pg. 1 col. 4

HIS SIXTY-THIRD BIRTHDAY—Yesterday Pap Goldsmith was sixty-three years of age and those who saw him knew that something was up by the broad smile he wore.  There is no doubting the fact that clever Pap Goldsmith is the youngest old man in Brunswick.



Thursday 23 June 1910

Pg. 1 cols 3 & 4


            Charley Polite, a young negro boy about 15 years of age, is suffering from the result of a 22-calibre rifle bullet in his back, and, as a result, it is expected that Charley and several other of his companions will stop stealing peaches from the yards of various families in Dixville. Though cautioned various times by the residents, the little negroes have kept up their petty thefts, and not only have they been stealing peaches, but they’ve been into other mischief in the neighborhood and were rather “sassy” when spoken to by the owners.
            Yesterday morning two or three of the little negroes were in the yard of Mrs. Susan Way on George street. A half dozen times recently Mrs. Way has driven the boys from her peach trees, but they seemed determined to get the peaches as rapidly as they would ripen. The boys were chased from the yard and were told that if they returned they would be fired upon. Throwing several bricks at the residence the boys left but in less than a half hour they returned.
            One of the ladies in the house saw the boys in the yard and in order to frighten them she secured a small rifle which was kept in the house and fired through a window. She had no intention of hitting the boy but the bullet, after going through a board on the fence, entered the back of the Polite negro. He was almost frightened to death and left the yard screaming at the top of his voice.
            It developed that the bullet had entered about middle way the back, casing quite a painful wound. It is not thought, however, that it will result seriously.
            It is hardly probable that the boys will be after any more peaches in Mrs. Way’s yard.



Wednesday 2 August 1911

Pg. 1 col. 1


            Cumberland island is stirred from one end to the other as the result of what is thought to have been a dynamitic explosion at the home of William Albertie and a subsequent duel between this negro, and Mr. Ed Faber , all of which occurred Monday, news of which was received in the city yesterday .As a result of the explosion and the duel William Albertie, his wife [sic]and daughter are all injured, the former and latter suffering from wounds received from shots fired by Mr. Fader from his shotgun, and the other woman having been injured by the explosion.
            Various reports of the explosion and the duel were received in the city yesterday. One was to the effect that one of the injured negroes was dead, but this proved false as they were all living yesterday afternoon, but it is understood that Albertie and his daughter are both dangerously injured while the wife of Albertie is only slightly injured.


            To a News reporter, Mr. Fader related the entire occurrence, the explosion, or what he knew of it, the attack upon his wife and the final duel between himself and the negroes.
            It seems that early Monday morning, about 2 o’clock, a terrific explosion occurred at the home of the negro Albertie. The entire western portion of the house was almost wrecked; a trunk in one of the rooms was blown clear through the roof of the house. Fortunately, Albertie and his wife were asleep in another room while the daughter was not at home. The woman was injured by the explosion, but not seriously.
            Mr. Fader states that he spent Sunday at Little Cumberland, there being present in the house besides himself Lighthouse Keeper Robertson, C.F. and Marvin Wylder. He spent the night at the lighthouse, intending to go out for clams early Monday morning. He says he was taken slightly ill during the night and went into Mr. Robertson’s room for some medicine. He happened to look at the clock and it was ten minutes of two, just ten minutes before the explosion.


            In the meantime, however, his wife, who was at home alone, heard of the explosion at the negro house. The negro woman was her washerwoman and learning that she had been injured, Mrs. Fader secured some liniment, bandages and went to the negro home to render what assistance she could. When she reached there, though, she was startled when the negro woman, cursing and raging, started at her with a hatchet, charging that she and her husband had dynamited the house.
            Mrs. Fader hurried back to her home, and when her husband arrived she told him what had happened. Mr. Fader had planned to go out after some hogs, and, accompanied by his wife, he left with his horse and buggy, taking along his shotgun loaded with buckshot.
            He claims that when he passed the Albertie home that the man was standing in the door with a Winchester rifle, while the wife stood at a window also with a gun. As soon as they saw Mr. Fader and his wife they opened fire upon them, two of the bullets passing through the buggy.
            Mr. Fader and his wife jumped from the buggy and as quickly as possible he secured his shotgun and returned the fire. Several shots were fired, with the result that Albertie and his daughter were both seriously wounded, while the wife of the negro, already slightly inured by the explosion, escaped the buckshot which flew through the house.
            This is the story of the affair as told by Mr. Fader, who has already employed counsel to represent him in the event he is arrested.
            As to the explosion he knew nothing of it. He said it would have been impossible for him to have done it as he was at the lighthouse, several miles away. He thinks, however, that it was the work of some of the other negroes on the island and is at a loss to understand why the negroes charged it to him, as he had not had any previous trouble with them.
            Reports from Cumberland are to the effect that the explosion was a terrific one. Everybody is of the opinion that it was caused by dynamite, but people on the island are at a loss to understand who did it or what their motive could have been.



Sunday 13 August 1911

Pg. 8 col. 3

            DAN GRANT IS GONE—Guard Way of Hinesville, came over the early part of last week for Dan Grant, the Glynn county negro, who murdered another in the country some time ago, and carried him to Hinesville where he will be put on the gang. Grant was sentenced for ninety-nine years.



Tuesday 24 October 1911

Pg. 1 col. 2

MISTRIAL IN FADER CASE—Interacting Trial Occurred at St. Marys Last Week.

            One of the most interesting cases tried during the session of Camden superior court last week was that of the state vs. Ed Fader, of this city, charged with assault with intent to murder.
            It will be remembered that a few months ago Mr. Fader engaged in a duel with negroes on Cumberland, wounding two of them. The trouble was brought about by some one dynamiting the home of the negroes, and they claimed that is was done by Fader, who, in turn, claimed that he was not even on the island at the time.
            In the trial last week considerable evidence was introduced and the case was hard fought, recruiting in a mistrial. It is understood that the jury stood eight for acquittal and four for conviction. Fader was represented by Whitfield & Dart, of this city, while S.C. Townsend, of St. Marys, assisted Solicitor Thomas in the prosecution.



Thursday 9 November 1911

Pg. 2 col. 4

NEGROES IN SHOOTING SCRAPE—Carl Flowers Shot and Badly Injured by Zenora Junis.

            Carl Flowers, a well-known negro man, baker at the bakery of G.A. Faber, was shot and seriously injured yesterday afternoon near the corner of G and Amherst streets by Zenora Junis, a young negress. Flowers’s [sic] wound appears to be quite serious, but it is not thought that it will result fatally.
            The negro woman has been arrested and placed in jail and will not be given a preliminary hearing until the result of the injury is known. Just what caused the trouble is not known, but it sees that the two got into a dispute which soon resulted in a fight. The negress secured a pistol and fired at Flowers, the bullet taking effect in the left shoulder. .Dr. Christie was summoned and dressed the wound.



Friday 1 March 1912

Pg. 1 col. 5


            A case involving the colored society people of the city, the two branches, the light face and the black man who thinks, because he happens to be dark he cannot roll in the upper ten social circles, will be given an airing in Justice Lambright’s court this afternoon, when Murray Polite will be tried on the charge of assault with intent to murder, while Grant Allen, the well-known barber, is acting as the prosecutor in the case.
            Behind the case is a long story among the colored society of the city, which brings out the fact that an effort is being made to divide the mulatto from the ebony hue of the city. It seems that in the past the two branches of the race have been mixing socially, but recently a colored literary society was organized, and the black man was eliminated. This brought about some trouble, as the black people who had heretofore rolled in the uppder society set felt offended at the action of their lighter brothers, and several little near-flights have been the result.
            At any rate, Grant Allen, who is one of the leaders of the new literary society, and Murray Polite, who seems to have been eliminated, became at outs over the affair. On Wednesday night, it seems, Police called at Allen’s home on Gloucester street and asked for a conference. Some words passed, and it seems that Allen stepped back into his front door and forthwith came a regular shower of brickbats. The front door glass was smashed into smithereens and for a time it appeared that the entire house would be wrecked.
            Yesterday, Allen took out warrants charging Police with assault with intent to murder. Polite, on the other hand, claimed that he did not hurl the bricks. He says he was coming down the front steps when some other negroes came along in front of the house and started the bombardment, and that he was not mixed in it in any way.
            These facts, however, will be brought out at the preliminary hearing today, and Brunswick’s colored society set is wtching [sic] the case with interest. Allen is represented by Major R.E. Dart, while Judge Max Isaac will appear for Polite.



Saturday 2 March 1912

Pg. 1 col. 6

LOCAL NEGROES ARE WROUGHT UP OVER TROUBLE—DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BLACKS AND MULATTOES GROWING SERIOUS—Murray Polite, Who Was Given Preliminary Hearing Yesterday, Escaped After His Bond Had Been Fixed at $1,000.

            Thought it is denied by the better class of both races, and though efforts are being made to check the trouble before it causes serious trouble, it is a fact nevertheless, that the differences between the Brunswick negroes, the mulattoes and the blacks, is rapidly becoming serious, and has reached such a point that talk of lynchings [sic] has been freely indulged in.
            While no publicity has been given to this trouble until yesterday, when The News published an article relative to the trouble between Grant Allen and Murray Polite, at the same time it appears that trouble has been brewing for some time and two or three serous affrays have been narrowly averted.
            When Murray Polite was arraigned before Justice Lambright yesterday morning on the charge of assault with intent to murder, some of the facts which have caused the trouble were brought out, but behind it all is a long story which is arousing the two classes of negroes in the city.
            Polite as we stated in these columns yesterday morning, was charged with going to the home of Grant Allen on Gloucester street and hurling bricks at him, smashing in the front door and doing other damage. After hearing the evidence in the case, Justice Lambright bound the negro over to the superior court under a bond of $1,000, and while his attorney, Judge Max Isaac, was preparing the bond, which was to have been signed, the negro escaped from the courtroom and has not since been seen. He was in the custody of an officer, and after the trial, it was announced that the necessary bond would be furnished. The amount of it, however, no doubt frightened the young negro, and, while the officers were not looking, he quietly walked out of the courtroom and made his escape, and though a thorough search has been made, he has not been captured.
            It is a fact that certain mulattoes have recently drawn the color line in colored social circles, and this fact has brought on all the trouble. That any such action has been taken has been denied by a number of Brunswick’s best-known negroes, who are endeavoring to settle the trouble before it reaches a serious stage. In this connection the following was handed The News yesterday for publication:

Editor News:
            Please allow us space in your paper to correct the impression made by an article that appeared in your issue of March 1, touching upon the social conditions of the colored citizens of our peaceful city. In said article it is made to appear that there is a line drawn between the mulattoes and blacks, and we desire to correct this unfortunate impression. No statement of this kind has ever been made and God forbid that such will ever come to pass. We simply desire to live such lives as will commend us to the better thinking people of both races. We want it understood that the door of hope is open to every negro man and woman who intends to live as law-abiding citizens.

            I.E. Nash, M.D.
            R.N. Jackson, M.D.
            R.S. Fuller,
            C.A. Shaw,
            C.F. Hoskins, D.D.S.
            J.W. Buggs, M.D.
            M. Mollette.



Thursday 7 November 1912

Pg. 1 col. 3


            Dottie Willis, proprietress of a house in the restricted district, together with an inmate of her establishment, while in a drunnen [sic] rage on Tuesday night started in to “clean up” a rival house in the neighborhood and from the police report of the affair, she certainly carried out her purpose.
            The Willis woman seriously injured an inmate of the place, shot at the colored maid and broke up all the furniture in sight.  She continued on her rampage after arrest, breaking out the window glass in the woman’s department at the city jail and destroyed some property.  Her hearing in police court has been continued until Friday and she also faces various charges in the county court.
            While some people look upon this class of women as a necessary evil, there is most assuredly no room in this community for a woman with such a vicious nature and she should be prosecuted to the full extent of the law for her unwarranted outbreak and ordered from the city.



Friday 8 November 1912

Pg. 12 (or 8) col. 2

HELD TO CITY COURT—Justice Lambright yesterday held Dottie Willis in $650 bond and Laura Green in $200 bond for appearance at the November term of the city court.  These are the women from the restricted district charged with “shooting up” another establishment.



Sunday 10 November 1912

Pg. 5 col. 4

DOES ANYBODY HERE KNOW JAMES?—The News is in receipt of communication dated Brookman, Glynn county, November 7, stating that Jas. Dunham, age 87, was married on that date to Tevenier Green, age 54.  This is Mr. Dunham’s third matrimonial venture.



Tuesday 12 November 1912

Pg. 1 col. 3


            Judge Max Isaac yesterday granted the petition of Jos. W. Bennet, receiver of the American Hotel Resort company that he be permitted to turn the Oglethorpe hotel back to the owners, the A., B. & A. railway.  This, however, does not affect the creditors of or the bankruptcy proceedings against the American Hotel Resort company.
            The A., B. & A. Railway management have already stated that they are prepared to keep the hotel open for the benefit of the traveling public and there is no question but what some arrangement, advantageous to Brunswick, will be made for operating this fine property.
            There is no finer hotel proposition in this section of the South and operated by competent parties would be a paying investment and a credit to the city.



Tuesday 10 December 1912

Pg. 1 col. 6

IN PISTOL DUEL ONE NEGRO DEAD ANOTHER DYING—GUN BATTLE HELD AT CLOSE RANGE WITH SERIOUS RESULTS—FOUGHT ABOUT A WOMAN—Harmon Robinson is the Dead Man While Tom Reynolds, Alias Delegal Cannot Live But a Few Hours.  Happens Yesterday Afternoon.

            In a pistol duel at close range one man was killed yesterday afternoon about 5 o’clock and the other so badly wounded he cannot live but a few hours, so the doctors say.
            The shooting occurred at the home of Harmon Robinson, the dead man, and the other party in the duel was Tom Reynolds, alias Delegal, both of who mare well known middle-age negroes.
            It seems that bad blood had existed for along time, Robinson accusing Reynolds with intmacy [sic] with his wife.  The wounded man went to the house of the dead man to see Will Smith, who occupies a part of it, and shortly after his arrival the shooting started.  They were in a small room and it was a close range affair.
            Robinson was struck in the breast by one bullet, but died in a few minutes.  Reynolds was hit three times through the lungs, in the stomach and his arm, the bullet breaking this member.  With the three bullets in his body the wounded man rushed out of the house and went to his own home, 1604 Stonewall, where he was found by the police.
            While Will Smith and Robinson’s wife were in the house at the time of the shooting they did not see it.  The shooting caused a great deal of excitement among the colored people and hundred gathered around the scene of the affray.



Wednesday 11 December 1912

Pg. 1 col. 4


            Tom Reynolds, the negro who shot and killed Harmon Robinson in a pistol duel Monday afternoon, was yesterday exonerated by a coroner’s jury who, after looking into the case and summoning all witnesses possible, came to the conclusion that Reynolds fired in self-defense.
            The inquest was held at the home of Reynolds, who himself was seriously wounded, having been struck by five bullets from the revolver of Robinson.  It developed at the inquest that Reynolds did not fire upon Robinson until he had been struck by two bullets, when he opened fire on the dead negro.
            The condition of Reynolds was reported much improved and it is now probable that he will recover.  The remains of Robinson were interred yesterday afternoon.



Thursday 12 December 1912

Pg. 1 col. 1


            With fancied grievances of every description and against nearly everybody and with a gun which looks awfully dangerous in the hands of a man of deranged mind, Otto Matthews, 24 years of age, son of the late Jos. Matthews, made things lively at his home on Bay street and other parts of the city Monday and continued until Tuesday morning when he was overpowered by the police and placed in the city barracks and transferred yesterday to the county jail.
            For some time young Matthews’ mind has been unbalanced, but he has always been easy to handle and could be coaxed into submission, but it was not the case this time and the young man was really dangerous.  He locked himself in the home of the family on Bay street and, with his revolver, defied everybody.  Some time during Monday night he left the house and made things lively around certain sections, being finally captured near the corner of Bay and Gloucester streets early Tuesday morning.
            The remaining member of the family closed up the house and left for Savannah as soon as the young man was placed in jail, but a brother, Joe Matthews, of Jacksonville, came over and, it is said, will endeavor to obtain his brother’s release.  Just what action the ordinary will take is not known, but it is believed a lunacy writ will be sworn out by some city or county officer and he will be sent to the asylum.

Pg. 1 col. 5


            The will of the late C.A. Russell has been probated in solemn form in the court of ordinary under the terms of said will a one-half interest in the estate being devised and bequeathed to J.B. Wright and C.M. Gowen as trustees, and the corpus of the estate to be held intact until the grandchildren of testator, Charles D. Walker and Josephine Walker, become of age, when the one-half interest in the estate is to be divided equally between Mrs. Margaret Walker, daughter of testator, and said two grandchildren.
            Mrs. Katie Wright, another daughter, is devised and bequeathed the other one-half of the estate.  Provision is made for allowances to the beneficiaries under the will until the minor children are 21 years of age.
            J.B. Wright and C.M. Gowen are nominated as executors under the will and they have qualified as such.  The actual value of the estate is not known, but is considerable.  Provision is made in the will for successors in the trust in the event of death, except that George Walker, a son-in-law, shall not be appointed or have any control over said estate.
            The will bears date of December 16, 1910.  It is understood that it will be about three years before the estate can be finally distributed.

CRAZY WEST INDIA NEGRO—Now in Jail and Authorities are Investigating.

            James Samuel Hedge, a West India negro, is giving the authorities quite a lot of trouble.  He is crazy and if not a citizen of this county, of course he could not be sent to the asylum.
            Ordinary Dart has taken up the matter with Immigration Inspector Johnson and if he is not a citizen he will be deported.
            Hedge claims that he came here on the schooner Carrie Strong some time ago and that he has a family in the West Indies.  If this is true the federal government will see that he is taken away from American soil at the earliest possible moment.

CRAZY NEGRO FROM ST. SIMONS—Had Been Rambling Around for Several Days.

            An insane unknown negro is confined in the Glynn county jail, and who he is or where he came from is a mystery.  The man has been on St. Simon(s) rambling around for the past several days and Deputy Sheriff Owens went over and returned with him yesterday.
            The negro insists that he has murdered a man, but whether this is true or not is, of course, unknown.  One thing is certain, however, he is crazy and will probably be sent to the asylum.

Pg. 8 col. 2

REYNOLDS STILL LIVING—Tom Reynolds, the negro who shot and killed Harmon Robinson and who was badly wounded himself is still alive and the chances for his recovery are good.  As the coroner’s jury exonerated Reynolds he has not been placed under police surveillance.


Saturday 29 November 1913

Pg. 1 col. 2

NELSON IS JAILED FOR WIFE BEATING—Family Trouble Aired Again, This Time in Police Court.

            Mayor Hopkins in police court yesterday morning fined H. Nelson $50 or 60 days for wife-beating and at last accounts he had not been able to pay the fine, being still confined at the barracks and today will be put to work on the street.
            It will be remembered that something over a year ago the children of the wife, Mrs. Clara Nelson, by a first marriage, two little girls, were taken from the mother and placed in the industrial home on order of Judge C.B. Conyers, on account of the drinking and general bad behavior of their stepfather.
            At a hearing before Ordinary E.W. Dart later they were given into the care of a brother of Mrs. Nelson, with the understanding they were not to return to Brunswick as long as she continued to live with Nelson.
            In police court yesterday Mrs. Nelson asserted she was no longer living with her husband but was making an effort to provide a home for her children apart from him and Saturday night he came to her house in a drunken condition and without provocation beat her shamefully.



Saturday 21 March 1914

Pg. 1 col. 2

MISTAKES FENDIG RESIDENCE FOR THE OGLETHORPE HOTEL—J.L. Conier Gets Twisted in His Bearings and Mistake Costs Him $12.

        Claiming that he was looking for the Oglethorpe hotel, J.L. Conier, a white man, was arrested by Officer Price at the Fendig residence on Norwich street, early yesterday morning for disorderly conduct.
, under the influence of liquor was trying to gain entrance to the house when he awakened R. Borchardt Mrs. Fendig’s brother, who quietly took him in charge and telephoned for the police.
        Being awakened at 3 o’clock in the morning by someone trying to gain entrance to your home is not a pleasant experience, and many men would shoot first and listen to explanations afterwards, so Conier may count himself lucky in getting off with the $12 fine administered by Mayor Hopkins.



Wednesday 1 April 1914

Pg. 1 cols. 2-3

THREE PRISONERS ESCAPE FROM GLYNN COUNTY JAIL—Secreted Themselves In Unused Cell and Rushed Out as Jailer Opened Door.

            Three negro prisoners escaped from the county jail yesterday morning shortly after 5 o’clock, when Jailer Lowe opened the door to the cage to release the trusty who works around the jail.
            The men, John Hicks and Joe Young, charged with entering the Georgia Hardware company and Will Moore charged with stealing from the Wright & Gowen Co., had hidden themselves in an unused cell the night before, the door of which is not in working order and when Mr. Lowe opened the cage door they rushed out of the cell, which is the first on the right adjoining the door, and reached the door that opens into the front of the jail.  This door was locked, but the key had been left in the lock and one of the men, reaching his hand through the bars, unlocked it and thus opened the way to the street.
            As the men rushed past him, Mr. Lowe drew his revolver and ordered them to halt, Hicks stopped, saying he was coming back and begging Mr. Lowe not to shoot.  Young ran up the stairs to the second floor as Moore was reaching through the bars to unlock the outside door.
            As Moore unlocked the door, Hicks instead of coming back, turned and ran, Mr. Lowe firing at him twice.  Young came back down the stairs and all three men escaped as Mr. Lowe was locking the door in the cage under the fear that some of the other prisoners were out of their cells.
            No blame whatever can be attached to Mr. Lowe in the matter as every ordinary precaution had been taken, the fortunate part of the affair being the fact that the men did not assault the jailer in making their escape.
            Every avenue of escape from the city is being guarded and there is little doubt that the men will be apprehended and returned to jail within a short time, as all are known to the police and county officers, and a determined hunt for them is now on.



Sunday 19 April 1914

Pg. 1 col. 7

SAYS DEATH OF B.E. JACOBS DUE TO STRYCHNINE—Now Believed Local Case Will Assume Grave Proportions—Suits To Soon Be Filed—Hard Fight to Start For $17,500 Accident Insurance Carried By Dead Man, Which Insurance Companies Refuse To Pay.

            Whether or not the attorneys representing the insurance companies in the B.E. Jacobs case will charge that he was intentionally poisoned is not known, but, judging from the report of Dr. J.F. Harris, who examined the body of the deceased, a copy of which was received yesterday by Attorney R.E. Dart, representing Mrs. Jacobs, it is claimed that his death was due to strychnine.
            Dr. Harris says in the report that organs of the body contained this drug that a prominent chemist in Atlanta, who was called in to make an examination gave the same opinion.  The only point uncertain, the report continues, was the amount of strychnine that the body contained and this can only be calculated by an examination of the entire body.
            Suits will at once be filed by Mr. Dart against the three accident insurance companies for policies aggregating $15,000 and the case will develop an interesting fight among physicians.  The attorney for Mrs. Jacobs will contend that her husband’s death was due to an automobile accident, that lock-jaw set in after the accident and caused his death.  The principal witness will be Dr. J.A. Butts, the attending physicians, who will no doubt testify that the death of Mr. Jacobs was due to lock-jaw.  The attorneys will contend that if strychnine was given it was done only to stimulate the heart action from the shock of the accident.
            The case is likely to assume grave proportions, and it is intimated that attorneys representing the insurance companies will make some very serious charges, and may charge that the death of Mr. Jacobs was due entirely to strychnine.
            Attorney Dart will probably file the cases against the insurance companies within the next few days, and they will be tried at the next session of the superior court.



Tuesday 2 June 1914 

Pg. 1 col. 6 

THOMPSON MAY NOT BE TRIED AT PRESENT SESSION—Not believed that superior court will reach this murder case—JEKYL CLUB TO TAKE A HAND—Understood Supt. Grob will arrive in city within a few days and will employ counsel to assist solicitor in prosecuting case. 

            Though the Glynn superior court is now in session, and while it is expected that efforts will be made to try J.H. Thompson, charged with the murder of Prof. J.W. Hart, which occurred on Jekyl Island Friday night, it is hardly probably that the case will be reached ruing the session, owing to the fact that the criminal docket is an unusually large one, and cases already assigned for trial are expected to take up the entire session.
            The grand jury as soon as it reconvenes, will, of course, indict Thompson for the murder and the case can then be tried at any time.  However, court officials do not believe that it will be reached.  There are now on the dockets four or five murder cases, including that of V.H. Davis.  As announced in The News Sunday morning, this case has been assigned for next Monday, and it will take the better part of the week to dispose of it.  Three or four negroes are also awaiting a trial on the charge of murder, while there are some forty others, in jail and out, who are to be tried during the present session. 


            It was stated yesterday that Supt. Grob, of the Jekyl Island club, was expected in the city within the next few days, coming for the purpose of looking into the tragedy on the island.  It was also stated that Mr. Grob, acting in behalf of the club, would employ counsel to assist Solicitor Thomas in the prosecution of the case.  However, these were mere rumors, and nothing definite as to the attitude of the millionaire club is yet known.
            W.W. Bennett, the well known Jesup attorney, has been employed to assist Attorney J.T. Colson with the defense.  Mr. Bennett visited Jekyl Sunday and went over the scene Sunday where the murder was committed.  It is expected that the case will be an unusually hard fought one.



Wednesday 3 June 1914

Pg. 1 cols. 3 & 4

 GRAND JURY TO CONVENE TODAY--Reported that two or three interesting cases are to be investigated.

             The grand jury will reconvene this morning and will be in session probably until the adjournment of the superior court, which is now working on the criminal docket.
            From all reports, which, however, are generally current when the grand jury convenes, it is understood that two or three interesting Glynn county cases are to be investigated by that body, and one or two indictments may be returned which will cause somewhat of a mild sensation in the city.  Of course it is not known whether or not such investigations are to be made, as no witnesses have been summoned, but it is generally reported that at least one case of more than usual interest is to be looked into.
            It is expected that when the body meets today the first case to be taken up will be that of J.H. Thompson, charged with the murder of Prof. J.W. Hart, and a bill charging him with murder will be returned.  It is now understood that efforts will be made to try the case during the present session.  It may be taken up next week immediately after the conclusion of the trial of V.H. Davis, also charged with murder, though no definite announcement to that effect has yet been made.

 PINKNEY RECEIVES LIFE SENTENCE--Was ably defended by Judge Gale--State made out strong case 

            Ansel Pinkney, charged with the murder of Sadie Wooten in McCullough’s store at Pennick, was placed on trial in superior court yesterday afternoon, the jury returning a verdict at 7:30 o’clock last night for murder in the first degree with a recommendation for mercy which means life imprisonment.
            Pinkney was ably defended by Judge A.D. Gale, as the state made out a strong case the consensus of opinion being that the jury would return a verdict carrying with it the death penalty.
            Court will convene at 9 o’clock this morning with Judge C.B. Conyers presiding, and exceptionally large number of criminal cases being on docket, which it is thought it will take some weeks to clear.



Thursday 4 June 1914

Pg. 1 cols. 1 & 2


            Editor News:  I notice in an article in reference to the tearing away of the old academy building at the corner of Mansfield and Egmont streets, that the building was built during the sixties and that it is probably the oldest structure in Brunswick.
            As one of Brunswick’s oldest inhabitants and being familiar with many occurrences at the old academy, I want to give you a little information concerning it.
            While I do not know the exact date that the building was erected, I am quite sure that it was sometime in the forties.  It was known for years as the Massey Academy of Glynn county.  A similar building was constructed in Savannah at the same time, and they both were free schools.  At that time the building here was used as a school and church and all public meetings were held in it.
            It was on Christmas Eve night, 1857, that Mr. Jake Moore, father of Mrs. Minnie Gann, still living here in Brunswick, was killed in the old academy building.  No doubt many of our oldest inhabitants will remember that tragedy.  As stated, it was in 1857 and the building was constructed many years before that time.
            I went to school at the old academy when it was known as the Massey Academy, as did many others now residing in Brunswick, and we were always told that it was built during the forties. 

Pg. 1 col. 4

INDICTED BY GRAND JURY—True bill returned against J.H. Thompson charged with murder. 

            The grand jury yesterday returned a true bill against J.H. Thompson, charged with the murder of Prof. J.W. Hart on Jekyl Island.
            Both Solicitor J.H. Thomas and Judge C.B. Conyers, have stated that the case will be tried at this term of the superior court, and it will probably be called immediately following the trial of V.H. Davis, which starts next Monday.



Saturday 24 October 1914

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        Dr. J.A. Moncure, surgeon in charge at the quarantine station, was taken suddenly ill at his home yesterday, and in the early evening was brought to the city in a government launch and removed to the hospital.
        Dr. H.M. Branham is in attendance and at last reports from the hospital the condition of Dr. Moncure, on account of his age, was considered extremely grave.



Sunday 7 March 1915

Pg. 1 all 

FRIGHTFUL TRAGEDY ENACTED HERE WITH HORRIBLE RESULTS—MONROE PHILLIPS KILLS FIVE AND WOUNDS MANY—WITH DOUBLE-BARREL SHOT-GUN HE SHOOTS AT ALL IN HIS SIGHT—Load of Shot Fired by E.C. Butts Ends Life of the Man Who Was Author of the Wholesale Slaughter of Prominent Brunswick People—HON. H.F. DUNWODY WAS THE FIRST VICTIM TO FALL—L.C. Padgett, Geo. Asbell, William A. Hackett and R.N. Deaver Then Brought Down in the Order Named—Three of Wounded Men Reported to Be in Serious Condition Last Night—Brunswick Thrown in Reign of Terror by Awful Tragedy.

THE DEAD—H.F. Dunwody, Lawyer; Wm. A. Hackett, Undertaker; George W. Asbell, former police officer; R.N. Deaver, policeman; L.C. Padgett, ex-policeman; Monroe Phillips, real estate and timber dealer.

THE INJURED—Those whose injuries are considered serious are:  Ernest McDonald, butcher, shot in stomach and leg broken by buckshot.
            Gunner Tolnas, bank collector, shot through back and lungs.
            Albert M. Way, real estate dealer, shot in face, eye and tongue.
            L.J. Leavy, county officer, shot in back and in chest.
            S. Levison, merchant, shot in face.
            Others who were struck by stray buckshot and more or less wounded were:
            R.L. Fox, physician; Geo. M. Smith, cashier Brunswick Bank and Trust Company; E.C. Butts, lawyer, who finally killed Phillips; Tom Ford, Southern Railway engineer; S.A. Ellard, insurance agent; P.H. Crumpler, farmer; Isaac Cohen, collector; A.H. Boyle, member city council; H.M. Frank, physician; Claude Walker, bank clerk; W.H. Berrie, Jr., clerk; B.T. Brown, carpenter; Alex. Lorentzson, clerk; H. Jennings, barber; T.B. Burns, wheelwright; R. Skipper, barrelmaker; W.J. Way, insurance agent; Herbert Smith, auto dealer.
            Within the twinkling of an eye, in a community full of peace and happiness, under skies as beautifully blue as those which hung above the homes of our first ancestors, Brunswick’s hospital here pressed into service yesterday morning, while Brunswick’s undertaking establishments were converted into veritable morgues.  Within ten minutes, from the time Monroe Phillips, well known about the city, a man of ill-temper and burly form, merged into the law offices of Hon. H.F. Dunwody shortly after 10:30 o’clock yesterday morning, thirty-two Brunswickians felt the force of bullets from an old-fashioned 10-bore Parker shotgun.  Col. Dunwody was evidently murdered at his desk; he was found a few minutes afterwards in a reclining position in a desk chair, a head full of buckshot into his left cheek had literally destroyed the [illegible], penetrating the brain just below the left ear, causing death instantly.
            Coming down the stairs, after encountering Mr. A.M. Way, and emptying a load of buckshot inot his face, the blood-crazed man, with gun in position, after warning passersby to scatter, again emptied his gun; this time laying low C.L. Padgett, former policeman.  On he went like some crazed demon, shooting as he advanced with the wide world for his target, caring little who he murdered or why.  Asbell, a man of undaunted courage, unknowingly pursuing his own way, feel into his pathway, a load of buckshot in the back of his head, brought him to earth.  William Hackett, well-beloved and who, in his time, has tenderly prepared many Brunswickians for their last sad trip; crossing the street [illegible] trying to get out of reach, was the next victim.  [The rest of paragraph is illegible] before an automobile could reach the hospital.
            In the meantime the avenging spirit was busy, but the man who had inflicted death so calmly was doomed to meet that article by the same instrument in which he was dispensing it.  Eustace Butts, and it was a nervy act, after having been shot in the leg, armed himself with a shotgun, entered the rear door of Branch’s pharmacy, and while Phillips was in the act of killing others, a well aimed shot from Butts’ gun did its work.  Phillips lingered for eight or ten minutes.  In his conscious moments remorse did not seize him, and he begged that those who had shot him finish their work.  While all this was transpiring, it must be remembered that twenty-five or thirty other people, some of them perhaps fatally, had been the victims of this trusty gun; from the spent bullet, which did little damage to the shot at close range, penetrating the vitals, damage was inflicted right and left.


            The scene in the heart of the city where business traffic is large immediately following and during the shooting beggars description; people were hurrying and scurrying for shelter; in two minutes perhaps after the last man was killed there was not a person on the street, and yet within a few minutes after Phillips had been felled, pandemonium and excitement vied with each other.  The news scattered quickly; all of the murdered men were well known, and a scene of general confusion and bewilderment followed.
            Those who were seriously wounded were rushed to the city hospital; every physician in the city was summoned there, and every ward in the big building had one or more patients within its gloomy confines.  Just here it must be said that too much praise cannot be given to the doctors and the hospital management for the promptness, the discipline and the splendid order and regularity in which the suffering was relieved and the gruesome work was done of administering to the afflicted.


            The frightful drama staged so horribly here today has a background extending for several years.  Just where it had its beginning cannot really be stated.  It is known, however, that Monroe Phillips, a sort of financial plunger, real estate operator and more or less of a business man, has been involved in much litigation since his residence in Brunswick.  He was over bearing in his manner, did not make friends easily, was morose and ugly in his disposition, and has been suffering from imaginary wrong perpetrated upon him by leading Brunswick business men.  For instance he had stated openly that Albert Fendig, wealthy real estate man, banker, etc., was due him $25,000 as commission on a big real estate transaction, in which he and Mr. Fendig had figured.  Likewise, he claimed that R.E. Briesenick, prominent capitalist, was due him sums of money.  His hatred extended to the lawyers, who brought suit and represented clients against him.  The direct trouble is due to the sale of a lighter to Savannah parties, consummated several days ago by Phillips.  The Savannah people wanted a clean title to the property; there were liens against it, represented by Brunswick attorneys, Mr. Dunwody among them, and a conference was fixed for 10:30 o’clock yesterday morning in Mr. Dunwody’s office.  It seems, however, that before filing this engagement Mr. Phillips visited his own lawyer, Judge D.W. Krauss, and was told that Mr. Dunwody, representing local creditors, whom Phillips hated, were insisting that liens against the property be wiped out.  It is known that Phillips invited at least one of those claimants to go with him to the Dunwody office; this was refused and still suffering from bad temper, Phillips bolted into Dunwody’s office to adjust the matter in his own way.
            While some people think that Phillips had a regular list of six or eight people marked for death, others believe that after murdering Col. Dunwody and perhaps mortally wounding Mr. Way, and after having strode through the Fendig offices, seeking Mr. Fendig, he concluded to shoot until he was shot to death.
            Phillips is said to have believed that he had been prevented from obtaining commissions on a large real estate deal by several prominent men.  He is said to have threatened their lives and to have made a list of six men he intended to kill.  Little attention was paid to his threats.


            A few days ago he sold a lighter to a man named Quinlan of Savannah, who paid $75 to bind the deal.  The purchaser arrived yesterday for the lighter, but found it had been attached by a number of creditors.  The lighter belonged to Phillips’ wife, to whom he had paid the $75.
            Mr. Dunwody was attorney for most of the creditors.  Shortly before Phillips came to his office Mrs. Phillips called the lawyer over the telephone and urged him to dismiss the attachments.  J.S. Brailey was in the office at the time and said he heard Mr. Dunwody say to Mrs. Phillips, “You just want to keep that $75.”
            Accompanied by her husband, Mrs. Phillips is said to have gone to the office of a lawyer who had been representing them.  Soon after Phillips, carrying a double barrel shotgun went to Mr. Dunwody’s office at Newcastle and Gloucester streets.
            He was met by Mr. Dunwody’s stenographer, who, when he asked if Mr. Dunwody was in, told him he was busy and would see him later.  Phillips brushed her aside and entered the office.
            Mr. Dunwody was seated in a chair at his desk talking to Mr. A.M. Way.  Without warning he raised the shotgun, loaded with buckshot, and fired point blank at the lawyer, who was almost instantly killed.  He then fired at Mr. Way, who fell to the floor mortally wounded with one eye almost shot out.
            There were many persons on the street and in Branch’s drug store directly beneath the office.  Hearing the shooting they rushed to the street.  Padgett and Mr. Butts went to the foot of the stairs leading from the second story to the street.  Just then Phillips appeared at the head of the stairs.  He had reloaded the gun and fired at the group at the foot of the steps.  Padgett fell fatally wounded and Butts was shot through the right leg.
            There was a hasty break for safety on the part of other persons near the stairs.  Butts and others lifted Padgett, who was dying in their arms, and carried him into the drug store.  He died a few minutes later.


            Phillips calmly walked down the stairs, placing a shell in the empty barrel.  He walked into the office of Albert Fendig & Co. and said to have been on the list he intended to kill.  Mr. Fendig was not in the office, but he was met in the office by W.K. Boston.  “I am not going to kill you; you have been my friend,” he said to him.
            Just before he entered the office he fired a shot across the street, where a number of ladies were shopping in Kaiser’s store.  None was struck by the bullets, but some fainted.  Pandemonium reigned in the store and there was a rush rear exits.
            After he left Fendig’s office Phillips started toward Branch’s drug store, next door.  Asbell walked out of the store.  Without [page 7] a word of warning Phillips fired, killing him instantly.


            In the meantime Butts had gone to the hardware store of the United Supply Company and asked for a shotgun.  He said he realized Phillips could not be stopped until he was wounded and he requested the clerk to give him number three shot so he would not kill him.  The clerk, however, gave him buckshot.  It was not until sometime after Phillips had been killed that Butts learned he had not used the smaller shot.
            When he entered the drug store through a side door Phillips was firing through the front door.  Butts endeavored to get in position to try to shoot the shotgun out of his hands, but failed.  Phillips was reloading for another shot when Butts fired, Phillips sank to the floor shot through the kidneys.  He lived a few minutes.
            “Well, you’ve just about got me; finish it up,” he said.
            R.J. Minehan also figured in the shooting of Phillips, and that one of the shots fired from his revolver struck him was shown when a 32-caliber pistol ball was removed from his body.  Mr. Minehan secured the 32-caliber pistol from the United Supply Company at the same time Mr. Butts secured the shotgun and they returned to the drug store together.  Mr. Minehan walked in the drug store ahead of Mr. Butts and fired five times at Mr. Phillips while he was engaged in the duel with Officer Deaver.  It was a few seconds after Mr. Minehan had emptied the chamber of the revolver when Mr. Butts fired.
            As soon as it was known that Phillips had been killed people left their places of business and rushed to the scene to aid the wounded.  Fully sixteen shots had been fired by Phillips.
            Every vehicle in sight was pressed into service to take the wounded to the hospital and their homes and remove the dead.  Every physician in the city went to the hospital to attend the wounded.  Dr. Fox dressed his own wound as soon as he reached there, then turned his attention to others more seriously wounded.


            Hon. H.F. Dunwody was born in Marietta October 1, 1863, and was 52 years of age.  He was reared and spent his young boyhood in McIntosh county.  At the conclusion of his high school period there he entered the University of Georgia and was gradauated in 1884 with the degree of bachelor of art.  He was admitted to the bar in 1885, and immediately began his practice in Brunswick, at one time being a member of the law firm of Atkinson & Dunwody, being composed of Mr. Dunwody and Judge Samuel C. Atkinson, now of the supreme court of Georgia.  Mr. Dunwody held many positions of honor and trust in this community.  He was solicitor of the old county court from 1888 to 1890; served several terms in both houses of the Georgia legislature and in both branches of them gained distinction.  At one time in a contest for the presidency of the state senate he was defeated by a single vote by Hon. Robert L. Berner, the well known Georgian.  He was mayor of the city of Brunswick for two terms, and unquestionably made Brunswick one of her best chief executives.
            He was married on June 21, 1897 to Miss Scotia Walter [sic] of Savannah and they have two children, McDonald, 19 years, and Mary Scotia, 13 years.
            Harry Dunwody was probably the best known citizen in South Georgia; he was a lawyer of ability, enjoyed a large clientele and his public life and his private life were beyond reproach.  He was a staunch Brunswickian and in his untimely taking away Brunswick loses one of her first citizens.
            Because of the remote residence of one of his brothers, Dr. J.A. Dunwody, once of Brunswick, now residing in Colorado, and who will attend the funeral, arrangements have not been perfected.  It will probably take place on Tuesday and it is not definitely known whether the interment will take place in Brunswick or in Savannah.
            William A. Hackett came to Brunswick in 1869, and therefore has been a continuous resident of this city for 46 years.  During all of these years he has been engaged in the undertaking business, and by his uniform courtesy, high character and splendid ability he made friends wherever his mission of sorrow called him.  He was prominent in secret order work, and was never happier than when taking part in these weekly meetings.  He was especially fond of the Knights of Pythias work, was a charter member of Rathbone lodge and enjoys the unique distinction of having occupied every chair in the lodge.
            George Asbell was born and practically raised in Brunswick.  There were two strong characteristics in the life of this unfortunate who went down in yesterday’s tragedy—he was honest and he was brave, and for practically all of his life from young manhood he has been connected with the Brunswick police department.  At the time of his death, however, he was a motorman in the service of the City and Suburban Railway Company.  He was a good citizen and had a host of friends, who are grieved at his untimely death.
            R.N. Deaver, 23 years old, born and practically raised on St. Simons island, removed to Brunswick several years ago, and on January 6 was elected a member of the Brunswick police department.  He has therefore had but sixty days of service in this work, but it was demonstrated yesterday that his election was no mistake when he met death as only an officer should meet it, bravely and unflinchingly.
            C.L. Padgett has resided in Brunswick for several years, and for a long time was employed as motorman on the City and Suburban.  He spent a year on the local police department, but left that service on January first to engage in other business.  He was about twenty-seven years of age and was unmarried.
            Monroe Phillips came to Brunswick from near Macon six or seven years ago.  He was reported to have brought considerable money with him to this city; engaged extensively in real estate manipulations and was regarded as a good trader.  Phillips was not without his friends and many of them were fond of him.  However, he seems to have been suffering with business reverses for two or three years and was a victim of his own imagination that many people were conspiring to bring about his financial ruin.  He leaves a most estimable wife, who has a large circle of friends, and who are deeply sympathizing with her in the serious trouble that has come into her life.  Two sons and one daughter survive.  His remains will be shipped to the old family home at Reids, near Macon, this morning for interment.


            Mrs. Monroe Phillips wife of the man who was the author of yesterday’s tragedy, made a statement to a close friend last night.  She is quoted as having said that while in Savannah a few days ago she sold a lighter; that $75 cash was paid upon it; that she was supposed to collect the rest of it when she made title and delivered the property.  In the meantime she said that Mr. Dunwody had advised that certain claims had been filed against the property and that title could not be made until they were satisfied.
            She said she called Mr. Dunwody over the telephone yesterday morning and told him she was unable to get the proceeds from the lighter sale, and that she had an engagement to meet Judge D.W. Krauss, her husband and Mr. Dunwody in Judge Krauss’ office later in the morning, and asked if Mr. Dunwody would be there; that Mr. Dunwody was caustic in his reply, practically insulting her, by saying that she was aiding her husband in an effort to cheat the Savannah people out of $75.
            Mrs. Phillips then said that she went straight to Judge Krauss’ office, met her husband there and told him what Mr. Dunwody had said to her.  That Mr. Phillips then left the office of Judge Krauss and remarked that he would go and “see Mr. Dunwody.  This is said to be the last time Mrs. Phillips saw her husband.
            She state further to this friend that when Mr. Phillips left home yesterday morning he carried no weapon, was not in an ill humor and that in telling him what had occurred between she and Mr. Dunwody, she had no idea that it would bring about any trouble.


            Miss Ila Lee, stenographer for Hon. H.F. Dunwody, who was in an outer office when Mr. Dunwody was killed, made a statement last night as to what occurred in the offices.
            Miss Lee stated that shortly after she arrived at the office, that Mr. Dunwody had a conversation over the telephone with Mrs. Phillips.  She then took a dictation from Mr. Dunwody and went into the outer office to write a letter and found a note from Mr. A.M. Way, asking Mr. Dunwody to call Mr. Way.  This was done and Mr. Way arrived in Mr. Dunwody’s office in a few minutes.
            Miss Lee when Mr. Way arrived was in the outer office, and did not see Mr. Way enter Mr. Dunwody’s office through another door.  She was in the outer office working on a typewriter when Mr. Phillips entered her office and asked if Mr. Dunwody was in.  She replies that he was, but that he was busy just at that time.  She said that Mr. Phillips then went to the folding door, threw it open, leveled his gun and fired.  Miss Lee then went into the library and phoned to Mr. J.S. Dunwody, brother of the deceased.  Phillips, she thinks, walked out of the office, but a few seconds returned and fired again.  Miss Lee, after she was sure Phillips had left the office, returned to the outer office.  Mr. Way was then leaning against the folding door, calling for assistance.  Miss Lee saw Mr. Dunwody seated in the chair at his desk, and realized at once that he was dead.

TWO OF INJURED REPORTED TO BE BADLY WOUNDED—Gunner Tolnas and Ernest McDonald Were Lingering Between Life and Death at Late Hour last night.

            At an early hour this morning The News made inquiry at the city hospital as to the condition of the patients being treated at that institution, and, while the exact condition of them all could not be stated, still it was said that two of the men were in a very serious condition.
            Gunner Tolnas was reported to be in a most serious condition, and physicians stated that it would be today before it could be ascertained definitely just the full extent of the wounds.  This young man was struck by several buckshot.
            Ernest McDonald was also reported to be in a serious condition, and but little hope was entertained for his recovery, though he revived slightly at midnight and seemed to be resting easier.  Mr. McDonald has just recovered from a long siege of illness.  He too was struck by several buckshot.  His condition is thought to be fatal.
            A.M. Way was reported to be resting easier after an operation performed by Dr. Chisholm of Savannah.  It was necessary to remove his right eye.  He stood the operation well.  While Mr. Way was seriously wounded, his condition is not considered as serious as the others.
            S. Levison is also in bad shape.  He received a serious wound in the neck and was struck by other buckshots.  However, he was reported to be resting easy last night.
            L.J. Leavy, who was also placed in the hospital, his injury being a buckshot wound to the right shoulder.  After he was dressed he was removed to his home and was reported to be resting easy last night.  His advanced age, however, together with his recent long illness, are against him.
            The report in circulation last night that Alderman A.H. Boyle was in a serious condition, but information last night was to the effect that his injuries, while painful, were not serious.
            Jerre Wilcher, who was also reported to have been seriously wounded, is in the city hospital, and is resting easy.

MANY WERE SAVED BY SMALL SHOT—Had All Shells Been Loaded With Buckshot Many Would Have Been Killed.

            When Monroe Phillips, in gathering a pocketful of shells yesterday morning and started out on his rampage, picked up a half dozen shells loaded with small shot, he saved the lives of two or three other citizens, though he doubtless did not realize it at the time.
            It developed after the shooting that Phillips was firing both buckshot and small shot, and a number of citizens were struck by the latter.  Among these was Dr. R.L. Fox.  A few of these small shot struck him in the neck and as he was not a great distance it is more than probable that had the shell been loaded with buckshot he would have been killed or seriously injured.
            There were a number of other citizens who felt small shot [rest of paragraph illegible].

Pg. 8 col. 4


            When her husband was shot to death by Monroe Phillips yesterday morning, Mrs. H.F. Dunwody was on a pleasure trip with a party of friends to Fernandina.  She left the city about two hours before the tragedy, and was en route to Fernandina when the shooting occurred.  The tug Inca was at once chartered and left shortly after noon.  The party had reached their destination, but Mrs. Dunwody and others returned on the Inca, arriving in the city shortly after 6 o’clock.


            The meeting held at the city hall yesterday morning for the purpose of discussing better marketing conditions of Glynn county products, was largely attended demonstrating that the people of the county are interested in this matter.
            The meeting was in progress when the awful tragedy occurred and consequently the work was not completed.


            Brunswick’s two telegraph offices were kept busy yesterday from the minute of the awful tragedy until well after midnight.  Telegrams of condolence to bereaved families in the city were received from all sections of the country.
            Press dispatches sent out during the day amounted to some five or six thousand words.  Georgia papers called for special stories on the awful affair, while the Associated Press used a half dozen stories during the day.  Both of the offices rendered good service in handling the unusual rush.



Tuesday 9 March 1915

Pg. 1 col. 1

MCDONALD DIES FROM HIS WOUND; OTHERS IMPROVE—Gunner Tolnas and A.M. Way Thought to Be Almost Out of Danger—SUNDAY A DAY OF FUNERALS—Last Funeral, That of the Tragedy’s Principal, Will Take Place Today—City is Normal Again 

            Brunswick is gradually recovering from the terrific shock of Saturday’s tragedy and the casual observer of yesterday would never have thought that such a bloody event had occurred only a few days before.
            All of the funerals occurred in accordance with the information given The News of Sunday morning, except that of Monroe Phillips, which was to have occurred at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon, and which was postponed until 10 o’clock this morning.  All of the funerals were marked by large concourses of people and by a wealth of floral remembrances, assuring the vital interest on the part of the people in the city.

ERNEST McDONALD DIES—The saddest event transpiring was the death of Ernest McDonald, which occurred at the city hospital Sunday morning.  Little hope had been held out for Mr. McDonald all along, due to the fact that he had only recently recovered from a severe attack of pneumonia.  He was a popular young man, well known and of sterling character; he is a son of Mr. and Mrs. W.A. McDonald, was engaged with the former in the meat packing business and is survived also by a wife, two children and several brothers and sisters.  His untimely death caused universal sorrow, and the funeral from the Presbyterian church yesterday afternoon was largely attended.
            It will be recalled that Mr. McDonald received several bullets, one of which broke a leg and the other penetrating the lungs, the latter inflicting mortal wounds and was responsible for his death.

INJURED IMPROVING—Those who were seriously wounded were A.M. Way and Gunner Tolnas.  However, all during yesterday they were reported as being in satisfactory condition, though still in danger.  Mr. Tolnas was suffering internally, while Mr. Way’s wounds, all of which were confined to his face, were very painful and more or less dangerous.  At a late hour last night it was stated at the city hospital that both of these gentlemen were thought to be out of danger and that unless some grave complications set in they had already started on the road to recovery.  This will be gratifying news, for both of them were desperately wounded.
            Sigmund Levison, who is also at the hospital, while suffering considerable pain, is doing splendidly and is yielding to the treatment as rapidly as could be expected.  Mr. Levison received a portion of a load of birdshot in the neck and face, but at no time was his condition critical.
            Jere Wilcher, who received two or three buck shot in the back of the neck, was so improved yesterday that later in the day he was permitted to his home in New Town, from whence it was reported that he was doing well.
            L.J. Leavy, Sr., who was perhaps more seriously wounded than any of the others who received casual injuries, suffered a good deal during the day.  Dr. H.M. Branham, his physician, however, thinks he will recover speedily and that it will not be necessary to remove the bullet.
            Two or three of the others who were injured are still confined to their homes, among them Alderman A.H. Boyle and Isaac Cohen.  Both of these gentlemen, however, were reported to be improving.

Pg. 1 col. 2


            Dr. G.W. Blanton, city hospital surgeon, who has, of course, been one of the busiest men in Brunswick since Saturday morning, was one of the closes men to Monroe Phillips when he did all of the shooting Saturday morning, and he saw him fire many shots.
            “I was in my office in the Kress building when the shooting started,” said Dr. Blanton yesterday to a News representative.  “At first, I thought it was an automobile tire and paid little attention to it.  Then I heard two more shots.  I started down the steps leading to Newcastle street and was met by C.H. Sheldon, who warned me not to go on the sidewalk, stating that Phillips was shooting everybody in town.  I came on down to the foot of the stairs, and, looking down the street, saw him leveling his big, ugly-looking gun.  I stepped back and as I did I heard a report of the gun.  I heard Phillips saying, “I’ll get you, you ——.’  I stood in the doorway and saw Officer Barnes, at Wood-Bailey’s corner, firing at Phillips.  After he had fired, I should say about two shots, Phillips swung toward him, “I see you, — you,’ and, leveling the gun at him, fired.  Barnes darted around the corner.  Then Phillips shot three or four times in every direction.”
            Dr. Blanton says he stood in the doorway and he thought that possibly after Phillips had fired both barrels he and others could run up an overpower him before he could re-load his gun.  “But every time he would only shoot once,” continued the physician.  “He would shoot once, break his gun and place one shell, therefore it would have been impossible for him to have been overpowered.  After shooting until he had practically cleared the streets I saw him go into Branch’s drug store.  Then I stepped out on the sidewalk.  It was then young Deaver arrived on the scene, and it is my belief that the officer was shot while crossing Gloucester street.  I saw him endeavoring to shoot through Branch’s window, and he looked to me as though he was then wounded.  He fired two or three times, then I heard a loud report from Phillips’ gun and the brave young officer tumbled over on the sidewalk.  It was just a second later when I heard three or four pistol shots and then one report of a shot-gun and the firing ceased.”

Pg. 1 col. 3


            O.C. Gilbert, operator at the office of the Postal Telegraph Company, was probably nearer to Monroe Phillips while he was on his murderous rampage Saturday morning than any other man, and it was not realized by the operator even at the time that Phillips was doing all the shooting but rather he though that he had secured the shotgun and was after a murderer.
            Gilbert was in the office, which adjoins the office of Albert Fendig & Co.  He heard the shots upstairs but did not leave the office at the time.  Later, after Padgett had been killed and after Phillips had gone into the office of Mr. Fendig, Gilbert came to the door.  The rapid-firing had temporarily ceased then.  When he reached the door Phillips was standing not over ten feet from him and was in the act of loading his gun.  Mr. Gilbert stated yesterday that he was sure that Phillips had joined in a chase for the murderer.  In a second Officer Barnes opened fire from up the street.  The operator said he then thought that some one, hidden, was trying to shoot Phillips.  He did not know Phillips at the time.  “I was just about to ask Phillips who was doing all the shooting when he turned towards me.  I jumped back in the office and heard the discharge of a gun, and I have learned later that it was this shot that struck T.B. Burns.  I then rushed in the back of the office and remained there until the shooting was over.  When I went into Branch’s drug store and learned that it was the big man who was doing the shooting, I was not only surprised but frightened to death.  In a second I would have addressed him, and even after I rushed to the rear of our office I thought he was one of the men who was trying to shoot or apprehend the murderer.”

[Spanning columns 4 & 5 is a photo of Eustace C. Butts with the following caption—AH]

EUSTACE C. BUTTSMr. Butts was in the midst of Saturday’s tragedy.  He realized that Monroe Phillips was blood-crazed, ready to shoot anybody who appeared in sight, and the quick work of Mr. Butts, who fired in an effort to shoot Phillips’ gun out of his hands, unquestionably saved the lives of a number of people.

Pg. 1 col. 4


            Brunswick’s city council met last night and, after passing resolutions deploring his death, adjourned out of respect to the late Hon. H.F. Dunwody, at one time mayor of the city.  During the short meeting, however, resolutions were also passed on the death of young R.N. Deaver, who also lost his life in Saturday’s tragedy in the discharge of his duty.
            The two resolutions passed by council follow:
            Whereas, on Saturday, March 6, 1915, in a tragedy, during which a number of estimable citizens were wounded and several killed, including Hon. H.F. Dunwody, who served this city with conspicuous ability for two terms as the mayor.
            Therefore be it resolved by the mayor and council of the city of Brunswick, that the meeting adjourn in respect to his memory and the flags of the city buildings be half masted until after the funeral services.
RESOLUTION BY MAYOR HOPKINS—Whereas, in the discharge of his duty as a police officer of the city of Brunswick, R.N. Deaver, a policeman of the city, did bravely risk and nobly sacrifice his life in an effort to protect our citizens from the unfortunate tragedy that took place on Newcastle street on last Saturday morning, the 6th day of March, 1915, and although a young man of only twenty-one years of age and only a few weeks in the service of the city, for greater fidelity[?] but [illegible] than he lay down his life in the discharge of his duty.
            Therefore, be it resolved, by the mayor and aldermen of the city of Brunswick in council assembled, that the [my copy is illegible—AH].



Tuesday 16 May 1916

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            Nelson Higgenbothan [sic] a negro whose home is at 2124 Albany street, has been missing for six weeks and his wife, Annie, fears he met with foul play or an accident. He disappeared from home shortly after leaving for a visit with a relative, and no word from him has been received.
            Nelson was a well known and generally respected negro. He had been in the service of the Atlantic Coast Line railway since a mere boy, but was relieved some time ago and given a monthly pension of $11. He has now missed two payments and his wife feels certain that something has happened to him.



Saturday 31 December 1916

pg. 6, col. 5


        A party of prominent big league baseball owners, managers, etc., headed by Capt. J.L. Huston, owner of the New York Americans and Manager Stallings, of the Boston Nationals, are at Dover Hall, the beautiful country place near this city, which has been purchased by men identified with the baseball world and which is to be used for club purposes.
        It is understood that a number of others will arrive during the season including the presidents of both big leagues, owners, sport writers and others.



Saturday 20 January 1917

pg. 6 col. 4


            The session of the Superior court which ended yesterday cleared the docket cleaner than it has been for a long time and by the way, cleared the jail also. Both of these officials seem to understand just how to save the county money by saving time
            S.W. Winder, colored, charged with using obsene [sic] language to Julius Tankersley was fined $50 and cost. This is the same man who was fined $50 by Mayor Hopkins some time ago, making the Sunday spree cost him something over a hundred dollars.
            Anderson Alexander entered a plea of guilty to simple larceny and was fined $50 or six months. The charge was burglary but he was tried for a misdemeanor. Fact of the matter, the negro was guilty of no crime whatever. Two others took a car of the Brunswick Coca-Cola Bottling company and invited him to go with them. The other two have not been tried as yet but their cases will be taken up on the city court. The charge of larceny is for only the gasoline in the car as it was proven at the preliminary trial that they took the car nearly to the very spot where they got it which was not larceny.


Friday 23 March 1917

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            Lured by the great praise Billy Klein, the high diver, received while here during Gala Week, John Bruce, the nine year old son of Mr. and Mrs. McDonald Bruce, residents of New Town, decided to become a high diver himself and in an endeavor to carry out this decision, decided to do a little practicing yesterday morning and as a result he has a broken leg and other minor injuries.
            The boy, with the aid of some companions, erected a ladder-shaped scaffold something over nine feet high, had the water there and made every other preparation to outclass the famous Billy Klein, but at a lesser height at the beginning.  This latter determination probably saved the life of the boy, as if the fall had been of a greater distance he would undoubtedly have been killed.
            Young Bruce, like Klein, climbed up and after some preliminary maneuvering, made the dive.  His companions were startled when they saw him fall into a “heap” and scream with pain.  His parents were called and physicians summoned to set the injured member.  The little fellow is doing nicely considering his many injuries.



Tuesday Morning 3 April 1917

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        Softly as the breeze kissed to ripples the ensign at her mast, so softly did the breeze kiss to ripples the waves that danced about the Schooner Glynn as she stood trim and complete at her anchorage before sailing Sunday afternoon.  Drowsily the murmur of voices from the throng of nearly a thousand leisure sight-seers, gathered to bid the sea queen God speed, wafted in musical prelude to the volume of cheers that followed as, led by the tug Angie and Nellie she pulled majestically along Oglethorpe Bay, while to the shouts of the crowd were added the siren calls of craft on the water.  She lifted anchor promptly at 3 o'clock.
        Merrily the sun danced from her clean painted sides and deck to the golden ripples and green shadows beneath.  Smiling, the crew stood on deck and waved response to the fluttering adieu of kerchiefs, fists and waving hands.
        So sailed the good ship Glynn, the first Brunswick made craft to leave the harbor with an entire cargo of Brunswick made products, amid the joyous sounds and movements of life at its happiest.  Bravely she faced the beckoning sea with its age-old call of mystery and romance.  Mystery it spoke, but with bright promise as the low afternoon sun shot its sheen of gold over its hidden depts.  Romance it spoke with its known past of conquests which bound the nations of the earth in the bond of commercial brotherhood and its guarantees before civilized mankind of its internationality as a highway of the world.  One more thread was being woven through the web and wool of world relationship.  Only the hand of blind and violent nature or the hand of piracy lurked in the shadows to break the thread.
        Captain J.H. Leo, builder and former owner of the vessel, also stood on the deck beside the captain William Impe, the old navigator of the seas.  He accompanied her to the sea buoy, just as far as he could go with her on her maiden trip, before he tore himself away.  In the throng on the dock, calmly yet seriously watching the departure, was J.H. Brailey, owner of the craft and consigner of its cargo of rosin, turpentine and other naval stores, to whose energy and broad public spirit was largely due this first venture of Brunswick's built craft carrying an all Brunswick cargo.
        Down the bay was the Hesse [sic] with another crowd, waiting to see the departure.  In the outer ways other craft were lined, watching her as she sailed away.
        Thus came to climax long preparation of months and thus was closed and opened at once another chapter of Brunswick's industrial history.  While the Glynn lie biding her time in the harbor during the weeks preceding, attentions were not wanting toward it and the crew.  Candy and literature were sent by the young ladies of the town.  On Saturday members of the local W.C.T.U. and ministers went aboard with comfort bags for them.  Religious services were held for those that wished them at the time.
        Enthusiasm and good wishes were evidenced in the cries of the multitude that assembled for the leave-taking.  One girl standing near to the rail hummed in low tone, but not too low for a young member of the crew just across the rail to hear, the tune of the song, "Good-Bye, Good Luck, God Bless You."



Sunday 8 April 1917

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            When fire threatened little two-year-old Audrie Tatum, peacefully sleeping in her father’s, F.L. Tatum, home 1102 P street, at 9 o’clock yesterday morning. Florine McIntyre, a loyal negress, employed as cook, dared the flames and carried the babe to safety outdoors.
            The negress had been scrubbing the kitchen floor and was unaware that fire had aught from a defective flue until a white neighbor, Miss Hattie Edwards, rushed over and gave warning, after which she sent in a call for the fire department.
            The fireman had to stretch m ore than a thousand feet of hose to be able to play water on the flames, and, owing to the late alarm, about half of the home was destroyed before they arrived. The home being uninhabitable, Mr. Tatum removed salvaged furnishings to 205 Gloucester street, above his place of business, the Georgia Hardware Co.
            Owing to expenses incurred by illness of his wife, who died about three weeks ago following long hospital treatment, the insurance on the house has been allowed to lapse and the fire is a loss of hundreds of dollars.
            The faithful colored employe [sic], whose first thought was for her employer’s child, has been employed by Mr. Tatum for five months. He states she has a life job now if she wants it.



Thursday 21 June 1917

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            Mrs. Ophelia R. Phillips, of Thalman, and Samuel J. Brady, of Allapaha, were married Monday evening at the rectory of St. Patrick's church by Rev. J. O'Hara.  After the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. Brady left for Lakeland and Tampa, Fla.  On their return they will reside at Thalman.--Savannah News.

            The bride is an excellent woman and has many friends in Brunswick and elsewhere.  She is the widow of the late Monroe Phillips, who is well remembered in Brunswick.  The groom has been in the mercantile business near Thalman for some time, and is a man of excellent character.



Sunday 23 September 1917


        Hessie Jones, a Brunswick negro, who sailed several months ago as a member of the crew of the Brunswick built schooner Glynn, and who completed the trip on the schooner to Genoa, Italy, has just returned to the city.  He left the schooner in Italy, came to the country on a British ship and then came on to Brunswick by rail.
        Jones talks interestingly of the maiden trip of the Glynn, and he told of the reported submarine attack on the Glynn after she sailed from Spain and was en route to Genoa.  It will be remembered that information was received here a few weeks ago that the Glynn had sunk a submarine, but nothing authentic was ever heard, and doubt as to the little schooner having accomplished that feat has existed.
        Jones states, however, that the Glynn was attacked by the submarine and a lively fight followed.  Seven shots, he says, were fired at the Glynn by the U-boat, all of them going wide of the mark.  In return the gun crew of the Glynn fired six times, and when the last shot was fired the submarine disappeared and it was the opinion of the gun crew and others that the submarine had been sunk.  Jones said the crew reported that they had hit the submarine, and Ensign Donnelly, who was in command of the gun crew, state positively that she had been sunk.  Anyways, the [illegible words] and continue the battle, and the crew were all of the opinion that had she not been sunk she would have continued her fight.
        Jones told an interesting story of the trip, and he said that while there were a number of scares, and cries of a submarine being near, the only one seen by the Glynn was the one which fired upon the schooner.  He states that the crew scattered after the schooner arrived at Italy and most of the members have already returned to this country.



Thursday 25 October 1917

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BIJOU THEATRE DESTROYED BY FIRE LAST NIGHT—Fire Originating in Projection Booth Destroys Considerable Portion of the Building—PANIC IN AUDIENCE AVOIDED—Popular Motion Picture Theatre is Badly Damaged by Fire Last Night During Performance, Resulting in Loss

            A Brunswick moving-picture audience last night quietly walked out of the Bijou Theatre when that popular little playhouse broke out in flames and as a result, the entire audience escaped without a person being injured.
            The fire started shortly after 7:30 o’clock in the projection room in the second story of the building, and so rapidly did the flames spread the entire front portion of the building was in flames in a few minutes.  Manager H.M. King, Jr., who was in the box office, immediately sent in a telephone alarm and the department was soon on the scene, extinguishing the blaze before serious damage was done to the building, though the playhouse on the lower floor was flooded with water and otherwise damaged.
            The theatre was about half filed with people when the fire occurred.  Some gentlemen in the audience, discovering the fire, cautioned the people to leave the theater quietly and calmly, telling them that there was no immediate danger.  This warning probably saved a stampede, in which one or two people might have been injured.  The entire audience, however, passed out without the least disorder and not an injury occurred.
            Assistant operator James Brady who was in the projection room during the absence of J.O. Allen, the regular operator, who was at his supper, escaped without injury.
            Manager King was unable last night to tell just what extent the theater had been damaged.  He said he would immediately begin making repairs and would have the Bijou in operation as soon as possible.  A new moving picture machine was ordered by wire, as both the machines in the house were destroyed.  His loss is covered by insurance.
            The building is owned by B. Padrosa, and it is understood that this loss is also well covered.
            Mr. King had recently purchased the entire interest in the playhouse from his father-in-law J.T. Wright who is agent for the Atlantic Coast Line R.R.
            Mr. King added that the building will be remodeled to seat 250 and when completed would be one of the finest motion picture houses in the South.



Friday 21 February 1919

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            The Brunswick friends of Capt. Eustace C. Butts and they are counted in thousands—will be pleased to know that all apprehension as to his safety “over there” has been removed and that he is well and happy, doing splendid service in command of his company.
            The fact that no information had been received directly from the well known Brunswick captain in several months has been causing his relatives and friends in the city more or less serious apprehension.  Then two or three rumors have been afloat touching his safety and that has added to the consternation of the situation.
            However, a letter was received by Mrs. George Palmer Smith, a sister of the captain, yesterday in which it was learned that he is now located at Hardert, Germany, with the army of occupation; that he is enjoying the very best of health, but has no idea when he will return to the United States.
            Captain Butts has been transferred to a new machine gun battalion and is in command of one of its units which is now serving on actual German soil.
            His letter was full of interest to his relatives, but like the captain it was rather modest with references to the personal pronoun.  However, the fact that he is well and happy will be a source of great satisfaction and pleasure to his Brunswick friends as well as those throughout the state.



Friday 10 September 1926

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DOWNING MEMORIAL NOW IN POSITION READY FOR UNVEILING—The handsome memorial to the late C. Downing, erected in the square just north of the city hall, is now in position and ready to be unveiled.  Work of placing the monument in position has been in progress for the past three or four weeks.  Yesterday it was veiled and will remain covered until it is definitely decided just when the unveiling exercises will be held.
            The monument was erected by naval stores operators, factors and others in this section, as a tribute to the man who had done so much throughout this country for the industry, and the date of the unveiling, the program, etc., is left to a committee representing these operators.  Just when the exercises will be held is not known, but it was stated this morning that it may be in November, when members of Major Downing’s family will return to the city.  The definite date of unveiling, the program, etc., will be announced later.



Sunday 12 September 1926

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DEPARTMENT HAD TRIO FIRE CALLS SATURDAY NIGHT—The fire department responded to three calls last night.  The first was at 8:30 o’clock and took the department to Glynn avenue where a Chrysler automobile belonging to Olaf Olsen was ablaze.  The engine was the only part of the car damaged, it is stated.
            A little later a call took the department to 1219 Albany street, to a house listed in the Cornelius agency and occupied by Joe Pinckney, colored.  The damage here was slight as only a few curtains were burned and the wall paper in the house scorched.
            The last call for last night was from the corner of Albany street and First avenue.  This proved to be a false alarm.
            At 10:30 Friday night the department went to the home of R.L. Philips, 801 Albany street.  It seems that some paper which had been placed in a stove became ablaze.  The house was filled with smoke but there was no damage.

NOW WITH FLEMING & PARKER—Announcement was made yesterday that Mrs. M.A. Lockwood will be connected with the sales department of the Fleming & Parker company and it is certain that she will prove a valuable acquisition to this popular real estate firm.  Mrs. Lockwood has been in the real estate game here for the past several months and has made some fine sales.

ARTHUR NAIL IMPROVED—Arthur Nail, who shot and killed Warner Howe at Thalmann some days ago and who was injured in a fight before the shooting and who was rushed to the City hospital, is reported as greatly improved.  He is in the institution and will be placed in the Glynn county jail as soon as his condition warrants his removal.  It is likely that a preliminary trial will be held during the week.

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DR. GUYTON FISHER UNDER OPERATION; IS RESTING WELL—Many friends o Rev. Guyton Fisher will be interested to know that on his return from his vacation in North Carolina he stopped over in Atlanta to consult his physician.  Rev. Fisher’s health and general condition was found to be much improved and that only his tonsils were preventing him from being a well man, and the physician, advised the tonsil operation to be performed at once.  The operation was performed Thursday and a wire to Mrs. Fisher said that is had been successful and that the pastor was getting along fine, but of course would not be able to return to the city until the middle of the week.

            The pulpit at the First Methodist church will be filled at both the morning and evening hours today by R.L. Foster, prominent young attorney of the city, whose eloquent discourse so inspired the congregation last Sunday.  The church is delighted that Mr. Foster has consented to occupy the pulpit in the absence of Rev. Fisher.



Sunday 19 September 1926

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SAM DRIGGERS, IN AIDING SISTER, IS BALDY STABBED—Moody Brothers Endeavor to Take Young Lady Away From Home by Force.

            Sam Driggers, about 20 years of age, is at his home, corner of Kay avenue and G streets, suffering with two or three ugly gashes in his back, and Fred and Garland Moody are in jail awaiting the outcome of his condition, as the result of an effort made early last night by the two Moody brothers to forcibly take away from the Driggers home Miss Jane Driggers, whom, it is stated, one of the Moody boys desired to marry.
            According to a report made to the police department concerning the affair, it seems that the Moody boys, in an automobile, went to the Driggers home early last night, and a few minutes later endeavored to take the young lady in the car, with the intention, it was said, of having her marry one of the boys.  Mrs. Driggers, mother of the girl, endeavored to prevent the boys from taking her daughter, but they insisted.  She then called to her son, who was in the rear of the house, and he rushed to the car, whereupon, it is alleged, the two boys jumped on him, one of them using a knife.  He received three ugly and painful gashes in the back and one cut over the eye.  The young man was rushed to the office of Dr. G.V. Cate, where the wounds were dressed, and last night it was stated that, while painful, no serious results were anticipated.
            The case was at once reported to the police, and later in the night they were both captured by police and placed in jail.

Pg. 8 col. 3

ARTHUR NAIL TO GET FIRST TRIAL ON WEDNESDAY—Judge Butts to Represent Defendant and Solicitor Gibbs the State.

            The preliminary trial of Arthur Nail, charged with murder in connection with the death of Westley Howe, whose killing occurred at Thalmann several days ago, following the shooting by Nail, will be held Wednesday afternoon at 3:30 o’clock before Justice of the Peace Symons.  On account of the large crowd expected to be on hand the trial will be held in the Glynn superior court room in the court house.
            It was announced yesterday that Judge E.C. Butts had been retained by Nail and Solicitor General W.B. Gibbs will come down from his home in Jesup and represent the state.  It is expected that the trial will last only a short time as the witnesses number only something like six.
            The killing of Howe is familiar to News readers.  Nail and the dead man had an argument over hogs of the former which had been found in an enclosure of the latter and which were being whipped by HoweNail came upon the scene and a personal difficulty ensued.  This occurred after the two men had reached Nail’s premises.  It is alleged by Nail that Howe struck him upon the head with the butt end of a cow whip and which inflicted a serious wound.  He was rushed to the Brunswick hospital and after remaining in the institution some time he became better and was transferred to the county jail, where, it is stated, he is improving and will be able to attend the trial set for Wednesday.  Self defense will be the plea of Judge Butts for the defendant.



Friday 15 October 1926

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HON. N.B. FORREST ON PURPOSES OF KLAN HEARD BY BIG CROWD—Georgia Grand Dragon Addressed Klansmen From Several Cities Here Last Night.

            The members of the local Ku Klux Klan and in fact Klansmen from several nearby towns heard a very fine talk last night by Hon. N.B. Forrest, grand dragon of the order for the state of Georgia.
            The occasion was a district meeting now being held in several sections of the state in which members from various neighboring klans are invited to participate.  They came last night from all directions and the spacious hall was taxed to its capacity to hear the well known Klan leader discuss many fundamentals upon which the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is founded.
            Mr. Forrest started out with the proposition that the Klan is not a fraternal order, was not intended to be so regarded and the idea is an erroneous one.  He took the ground that it was instead a “back to the constitution” proposition and that its sole aim was to give to American men an opportunity to band themselves together in an organization standing one hundred percent for Americanism and for the constitution of the United States.
            Discussing the question of immigration, the speaker reviewed the Klan’s view on this subject which reduced to its last analysis, would only regulate immigration to America sufficiently to preserve the Americanism of the people of the nation and preserve the things they hold nearest.  Pointing out the fact that many are pleased to term the United States a great melting pot of the world, General Forrest stressed the additional fact that in the melting process it was generally the American citizen who did the performing.  The time was, he said, that Americans observed Sunday as it was intended to be observed and as our forebears observed it.  Today, due to the influx of foreigners, we have, he said, a continental observance of the day in all of the larger cities of the country.
            Mr. Forrest said the Klan was not losing ground as many imagined, but it was going through certain processes by which undesirables were being weeded out and new material coming in and that a new and broader purposes in klandom were being introduced into the order.
            He is an agreeable and charming speaker; has a well modulated voice and possesses the happy faculty of holding very closely the attention of his hearers.  Many heard the talk last night and it was enjoyed to the very fullest.
            Mr. Forrest is spending the day in the city and will leave this afternoon for Woodbine, where he will attend a meeting this evening.



Friday 29 October 1926

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            Brunswick’s streets were lined last night with people, who gathered at every vantage point to watch the annual parade of the local Ku Klux Klan, which was one of the largest ever held by the organization.
            Promptly at 9 o’clock the parade moved from the corner of Newcastle and F street to Albany, where it again turned parade turned [sic] followed the same route back to Gloucester, the marchers just having room to parade between the large number of cars parked on either side of the street.  At the intersection of Gloucester and Newcastle the parade swung into Gloucester and marched out that street to Norwich, where it again turned and followed the same route back to the hall.  This street was also lined with cars filled with spectators, and for half an hour traffic along Gloucester, from Newcastle to Union, was blocked by the parade.
            Led by two mounted police, officers of the Klan headed the parade on horseback followed by an automobile occupied by other officers, illuminated by an electric cross.  Then followed the members of the order, marching in pairs.  It was stated that 250 members were in the line of march.
            A feature of the parade last night was the participation of some twenty-five or thirty ladies, members of an auxiliary organization, who took their place in line.  They attracted much attention among the spectators.
            It was also the first appearance of the drum corps of the local klan [sic].  They headed the parade and made an unusually good showing.

NEW TRIAL DENIED ARTHUR BURGESS BY JUDGE REED—Arthur Burgess, colored, convicted at the last session of the Glynn superior court and sentenced to life imprisonment charged with the murder of Mrs. Mollie Crosby, Glynn county white woman, was denied a new trial by Judge Harry D. Reed, of the Waycross circuit, who held a chambers session of the local court here yesterday afternoon.
            Following Burgess’ conviction his lawyers filed motion for a new trial, offering a number of grounds.  Arguments were heard by the judge yesterday and he at once overruled the motion.  Whether or not the case will be taken to the supreme court has not yet been announced.
            Burgess was previously convicted of murder in this county, and was serving a sentence in the penitentiary when he was pardoned some two or three years ago.  The negro claims he is innocent of the murder of Mrs. Crosby.



Tuesday 2 November 1926

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            Jack Bailey, colored, for thirty-five years living near Brookman, and a resident of this county all of his life, is strangely missing from his home and the relatives of the old negro who is known throughout the section, are using every effort to locate him.
            Bailey, it seems, mysteriously disappeared from his home near Brookman on October 17, and although members of his family have made every possible effort to locate some trace of him, they have failed.  Bailey was 68 years of age.  His sons, in the city today seeking information about him, stated that his mind was slightly affected and they fear he rambled away from his home and was unable to return.



Thursday 9 December 1926

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TWO NEGROES ARE HELD FOR KILLING OF CALVIN DOLLY—Sam Cornelius and R.H. Robinson were ordered held, Felix Benjamin was detained as a witness and Jake Melvin was released yesterday afternoon by a coroner’s jury which investigated the killing Saturday of Calvin Dolly, colored, who was stabbed to death at his home, corner of J and Bartow streets.

            The evidence before the jury was strong against the two negroes who were held charged with the crime.  One witness stated that Cornelius was the man who inflicted the fatal wound, saying that he stabbed Dolly in the back with a butcher knife.  Robinson, it seems, was one of the principals in the fight which resulted in the murder, while Benjamin is one of the most important witnesses.
            The case will likely be tried at the session of the superior court in January.



Monday 14 February 1927

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INFANT’S BODY IS FOUND IN WOODS IN WAYNE COUNTY—A gruesome find was made near Jesup yesterday, when the body of the little infant for whose death two people, father and daughter, are now being held, one in jail at Jesup and the other confined to a cell in the Glynn county jail.

            The body of the little infant was found by men employed at a sawmill who were walking in the woods along the banks of the Altamaha river, not far from the home of J.W. Dyal, the man who is held in Jesup charged with the murder of the infant.  The remains were taken to Jesup, where an inquest was held.
            Dyal has been in jail at Jesup for some time, while his daughter, Ivy Dyal, who has confessed that thee man is the father of the infant, is being held in the Glynn county jail.



Tuesday 24 May 1927

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            Brunswick Kappa Klan No. 63, order of the Ku Klux Klan, will stage one of the regular parades on Thursday night, which, it is stated, will be one of the largest yet held.
            The parade will form on Oglethorpe street promptly at 9 o’clock, will proceed to Gloucester, then move down Newcastle to the city hall, thence back up Newcastle to Gloucester, out Gloucester to Norwich, and will then double back on Gloucester again to Newcastle, north on Newcastle to F and again doubling back to Gloucester and thence to the hall.
            The parade will be followed by a big fish fry, to which the members are looking forward with much pleasure.

Pg. 8 col. 4


            The first business to be handled when Judge Thomas convened Glynn superior court was the reading of a sealed verdict returned last night in the case of Ernest, Avery and Herbert Goodbread, three young men who were tried on the charge of burglary.  The verdict was not guilty.
            These youths were charged with stealing and stripping an automobile belonging to Claud Suter.  The case was quite a lively one from start to finish.  Attorneys J.T. Powell and H.O. Farr represented the defendants, while Solicitor Gibbs appeared for the state.
            Fred Owens, young white man who resides near the old Taylor mill site, drew a verdict of not guilty on the charge of shooting at another not in his own defense.  He was represented by Attorney H.O. Farr and Solicitor Gibbs represented the state.  Another young man, Willie Jones, charged with the same offense in the same case, has left the city.
            When court met this afternoon the case of the state vs. Delver Lane, negro, charged with attempted highway robbery, was taken up and will probably consume most of the afternoon.  The defendant is alleged to have tried a hold-up in one of the county’s rural sections.
            The grand jury will convene again tomorrow morning at 10 o’clock and it is thought that several indictments will be returned.  If there is any great number of these it is more than likely that the court will be unable to finish work on the criminal docket by Friday afternoon, although Judge Thomas and Solicitor Gibbs are making every effort to handles [sic] the cases with dispatch.



Wednesday 25 May 1927

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GEORGE F. BAKER REPORTED ILL IN NEW YORK TODAY—George F. Baker, New York Financier, who was so seriously ill on Jekyl Island a few weeks ago, was reported to again be ill in New York today.  The report of his illness had its effect on the Wall street market.

            Denials of his illness, however, followed shortly after a report had gained ground that the great financier and third richest man in the world was ill.  It was stated that Mr. Baker was slightly indisposed but that he was not ill.
            While on Jekyl the New York banker suffered a severe cold, which for a time threatened pneumonia, and for two or three weeks he did not leave his room.



Friday 27 May 1927

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ARTHUR BURGESS GIVEN FREEDOM—After being in the Glynn county jail for one year, Arthur Burgess, negro, was ordered liberated today by Solicitor General B.W. Gibbs and he will be out in time to attend his mother’s funeral.  She died at Sterling last night.

            At a previous session of the superior court Burgess was found guilty of voluntary manslaughter in connection with the death of Mrs. Mollies Crosby, white, who had been beaten so terribly about the head she died at the city hospital in a few hours after the attack which occurred at her home several miles in the country.
            Attorneys representing Burgess carried the case to the supreme court and this tribunal ruled that the evidence under which conviction resulted was insufficient and ordered a new trial but inasmuch as no additional evidence has been secured by the state the solicitor decided to liberate Burgess.



Sunday 29 May 1927

Pg. 8 col. 3

MEMORIAL HIGH SCHOOL, COLORED, TO CLOSE FRIDAY—B.F. Hubert, president of the Georgia Industrial College, will deliver the commencement address at the Colored Memorial school on next Friday, June 3.

            The school has experienced one of the most successful years in its history and at this closing twenty young pupils will have completed the junior high school department.  It might be interesting to know that this city school has a department of domestic science and domestic art for the girls and a composite trades course for the boys.  The entire class that will finish the academic department will also finish their respective trades.
            The board of education has under erection a five unit trades building which is being built by student labor.  This work by the boys has attracted statewide attention.  The boys who do the work are less than high school grade, and have done every phase of the work necessary to complete the building.  The building has ample space when completed to care for over a hundred students in some profitable industry.
            The parent-teacher association of the school has been very active in the promotion of the school.  It has made ample provision for many of the necessary things which tend to make school work better.  There has been hearty cooperation in helping keep up the attendance in the school.



Wednesday 4 January 1928

Pg. 6 col. 5


        Col. J.E. duBignon, well known Brunswick citizen, was painfully but not seriously injured at noon today when the Chevrolet coupe in which he was driving collided with fire truck No. 2., driven by Fireman Dowling, at the corner of Union and Gloucester streets.  Col. duBignon's car was almost wrecked, while the fire truck was badly damaged, and will probably be out of commission for some time.
        The department was responding to an alarm turned in on Norwich street and the truck was moving at a speed of about 30 miles an hour.  Col. duBignon was going north on Union street and evidently did not see or hear the fire truck approaching.  Driver Dowling stated that he saw the driver of the car evidently had not noticed the approach of his truck and he endeavored to swerved and miss the car, but they met almost in the center of the street.  Col. duBignon received a bad gash in the head and was otherwise injured.  He was carried to the hospital, and this afternoon it was stated that his injuries were not considered serious.
        Fireman Dowling did some clever maneuvering after striking the coupe.  He swerved to the left, and it appeared that the truck would go directly into the house at the northeast corner of Gloucester street, but by quick presence of mind he picked out a space, just about large enough to admit the passage of the truck, between two houses, and shot in it, barley scraping a tree as he entered the narrow driveway.
        A force was busy this afternoon removing the truck to the fire station and it was state that considerable damage resulted.  Fireman Herfel was on the truck with Driver Dowling and they both escaped without injury.



Sunday 30 December 1928

Pg. 1 col. 6

PLANS ALL READY FOR FUNERAL, BUT BODY IS MISSING—Disappearance of Jekyl Interior Decorator Proves to Be Real Mystery—BROTHER NOTIFIED:  ARRANGED FOR FUNERAL—Had Undertaker Ready and Other Arrangements Made in Washington, But Body Failed to Arrive.

        The disappearance of Frank Nagle, Jekyl Island interior decorator, missing since last Saturday, has now aroused the interest of half a dozen places, and though a thorough search has been conducted in the vicinity in which he was last seen, a point about midway between Darien and Townsend, no trace of him has been found.
        The incident drew added attention yesterday in Washington, D.C., where James Nagle, a brother of the missing man, had arranged with an undertaker, a church and a cemetery for the funeral, expecting the remains of his missing brother on a train from this city.  The Washington brother is now seeking information as to the missing man's whereabouts.
        The reports from Washington stated that Frank [sic] had received a message from Jekyl Island that his brother was dead.  He forthwith prepared to receive the body for interment.  It was supposed to have arrived in Washington yesterday; in the meantime the undertaker started an investigation and he was informed yesterday that Nagle was last seen a week ago in a dazed condition.
        Information secured at this end of the line indicated that Nagle came up from Jekyl Island a week ago yesterday.  He joined a merry party here, it is understood, composed of one male companion and three women.  They started, the report goes, to Townsend.  He was last reported seen by three negroes living about eight miles from Darien, who told the searching party that Nagle came to their home late Saturday night dressed only in trousers and an undershirt.  He stated to the negroes that he had been thrown from the automobile.  He had been seen earlier in Darien.
        The theory of those who have joined in the search is that Nagle became separated from his party and was lost in the woods, but, if still alive, some report of him would have been received before this time.
        The funeral arrangement in Washington, it was pointed out, was occasioned by a telegram which was sent to his brother from Jekyl, in which it was stated that the man's clothes had been found and it was thought that he was dead and the his body would soon be located.
        In this connection it also develops that early in the week, after finding of the man's clothing, a local ambulance was secured and proceeded to a point midway between Darien and Townsend, but it likewise returned to the city without Nagle's body.  Those in the ambulance learned, however, that the party was evidently out on a joy ride, and they also talked to the negroes who claimed that the missing man was at their house late in the night, but they could not tell where he went after leaving their home.
        The entire affair seems to be shrouded in more or less mystery.  As far as is known, it has not been ascertained who the local people were accompanying him on the trip.  They could, it is generally believed, give some information that would serve to solve the mystery.  It is expected that the search for the missing decorator will be continued.



Friday 12 April 1929

Pg. 6 col. 3

ATTEMPT TO BURN COLORED SCHOOL THWARTED TODAY—A deliberate attempt to burn the handsome new colored Memorial school, corner of Albany and I streets, was made at an early hour this morning and had it not been for the fact that some colored residents in the vicinity were awake rather late and observed the flickering lights of the fire the attempt might have proved successful.

            As it was a large hole, probably five feet in diameter, was burned in the floor of the assembly room of the school.  The neighbors who observed the fire sent in an alarm and the fire department responded at once and extinguished the blaze.  An investigation followed and Chief J.H. Harrison stated this morning that the fire was of incendiary origin beyond question.  Wood had been piled in the center of the room and the match applied and the fire was burning into the floor when the department arrived.  It was fortunate that the blaze was observed by neighbors before it had time to gain good headway.



Thursday 12 December 1929

pg. 8 col. 2


        Two or three local prohibition cases and one white slavery case from here have attracted considerable attention in the United States court now in session in Waycross. Two or three of the defendants have entered guilty pleas, while other cases have not yet been disposed of.
        John Gilders
, who was arrested several months ago while operating an [illegible] still in the county, entered a plea of guilty yesterday morning after a United States marshal had been sent here for him. Gilders’ case was called Monday morning, and his attorney presented to the court a physician’s certificate, in which it was declared that the defendant was ill and unable to attend court. The attorney stated that he did not know how long Gilders would be ill, whereupon Judge Barrett dispatched United States Marshal McLeod here to ascertain the true situation of the man’s illness.
was found at his home on St. Simons, apparently physically able to attend court and he informed the marshal that he would appear Wednesday morning. When the case was called yesterday Gilders was present, but his attorney was missing. Judge Barrett asked the defendant if he did not have an attorney and Gilders replied that he had employed two or three but none of them were in court. Later, however, the defendant entered a plea of guilty. Judge Barrett then asked him if he was operation a still, as alleged. He replied that he was but that the still did not belong to him and when asked by the judge who owned the still he refused to answer the question. Sentence has not yet been passed.
        Horace Greenfield
, who a few months ago made the mistake of selling whiskey, it was charged, to two prohibition enforcement officers, entered a plea of guilty and he was sentenced to serve six months without a fine.
        W.C. Sargeant
, of Cleveland, Ohio, who was temporarily making his home at Omega, Ga., who was arrested here in September on a charge of violating the Mann white slavery act, was arraigned yesterday and it was announced that he would enter a plea of guilty. Sargeant was arrested here by Chief of Police Register, on request of federal authorities. He and a young woman named Irene Souder were at the time stopping at the Oglethorpe hotel and were registered as man and wife.
        Several Brunswick lawyers, witnesses and others who have been attending the session returned to the city last night.



Tuesday 6 March 1930

pg. 8 col. 4


        An important meeting of the local camp of the Spanish War Veterans will be held at the Guards armory foot of Gloucester street Friday night at 8 o’clock, to which all members of the camp as well as all Spanish-American war veterans in Brunswick are urged to attend.
        The newly inaugurated officers will be installed and matters of importance handled. The ladies auxiliary will also hold an important meeting Friday night.



Thursday 15 May 1930

Pg. 8 col. 3


            At the instance of friends who desired to go on their bonds, Sheriff R.S. Pyles today telephoned the sheriff of Monroe county at Forsyth with reference to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sylvia, of this city, who were arrested there Tuesday on a number of charges.
            The local sheriff was informed that Sylvia had entered a plea of guilty and had paid a fine of $150, while the case against his wife was nolle prossed, and that the couple had left Forsyth for Tennessee. They were arraigned yesterday afternoon in order that the guilty plea could be entered.



Wednesday 11 June 1930

Pg. 8 col. 1

OLD WAR DERRINGER IS FOUND ON ISLAND--Weapon Was Unearthed Near The Scene of Battle of Bloody Marsh--Proof that bullets cut the air in the battle of Bloody Marsh on St. Simons is believed to have been established with the finding in the marsh of an old double barreled derringer by J.A. Ross, Sr., local gunsmith who found it while digging for relics.
        The derringer, an antique weapon, oddly shaped, and bearing the marks of years of exposure to the elements, was bought from Mr. Ross by Victor Abrams, who was greatly interested in it and has made a thorough investigation as to its possible date.  Mr. Abrams plans later to make a gift of it to a friend who is interested in things of this kind.
        An examination of the derringer discloses two or three interesting points.  It is a single trigger affair, the trigger being so arranged as to alternately fire each of the two barrels.  Double barrel, single trigger, shotguns are a recent development and it is interesting to note the application of the principal at such an early date.
        Looking into the matter, Mr. Abrams found that there were existent at that time mechanisms of this kind which are ascribed to this derringer.
        Another interesting feature is the rifling.  It is a muzzle loader and still it is rifled.  In discussing this principle, Mr. Abrams explained how it worked, saying:
        "The great difficulty in forcing a solid bullet down through the muzzle to the firing chamber and in the process of so doing engraving the rifle mark on the bullet by brute strength alone has been eliminated by constructing the barrel with six flat sides.  A section of the barrel therefore appears to be a hexagon figure instead of a circle and the bullet must have necessarily been a heli developed by the rotation of the hexagon about its center and in conjunction with a movement of heli along the axis perpendicular to the center.  The moulded bullet so resulting would have fitted the barrel perfectly and would have easily been inserted into the muzzle of the firing chamber and upon firing would have received a spine from the hexagon helical barrel.  This system is usually ascribed to Whitworth in the early part of the nineteenth century but I find no statement that he was the originator of the system.



Tuesday 8 July 1930

Pg. 8, col. 3

Number of Others Injured at Hortense Yesterday Afternoon

    One person was killed and several injured yesterday afternoon near Hortense, 40 miles from Brunswick, when Atlantic Coast Line train No. 93, was wrecked, five coaches leaving the tracks.  One trainman was seriously injured, another painfully cut and a half dozen passengers were more or less injured.
    August Van Eeopoel, Sr., of Tampa, Fla., and Villa De Berg, Ramsel, Belgium, a passenger, was killed.
    The flagman, J.F. Davis, of Jacksonville, is believed to be in a serious condition.  He is suffering from injuries to his back and internal injuries.
    A.R. Reynolds, also of Jacksonville, Pullman conductor, received a number of minor injuries, while a negro porter was badly cut and bruised.
    Coast Line officials announced after an investigation that the wreck was caused by the buckling of the rails, supposedly due to the extreme heat.
    The injured persons were carried to Waycross on a special train which was made up at the scene of the wreck, and information today is that they will al probably recover, only one of those hurt being considered in a serious condition.
    Traffic over the line was blocked for several hours after the wreck and other trains used the route via Waycross, the wreck having occurred on what is known as the Jesup short.

Pg. 8, col. 4

Cato Wilson Shoots Wife When She Refuses to Make Up With Him

    Madeline Wilson, a negress about 25 years of age, died at the City hospital early last night from wounds inflicted by her husband, Cato Wilson, Sunday night, and officers are now searching for the negro on a charge of murder.
    The shooting took place at the home of the woman, 1404 Wolf street, at 9:30 o'clock Sunday night.  Wilson left immediately and all efforts to locate him have failed.
    It seems that Wilson and his wife separated in Savannah some time ago, the woman coming to this city, her home, and the husband remaining in Savannah.  Saturday he came here and tried to persuade his wife to return to Savannah with him.  He visited her Sunday and was at the house and, the woman told officers after the shooting, apparently was in a good humor, no quarrel having occurred between them.
    Just as Wilson was ready to leave the house, supposedly to return to Savannah, he drew his revolver.  "Goodbye, I'll meet you in hell," he said, and with that remark fired twice, one of the bullets entering the woman's left shoulder and the other penetrated the small of her back.
    Immediately the negro left the scene, while the woman was carried to the hospital, where it was at once realized that her condition was serious.
    Cato is well known in police circles, having been in jail here on two or three occasions, and officers believe he will be captured within a few days.



Wednesday 9 July 1930

Pg. 8 col.2


    Police today continued to search for the whereabouts of Cato Wilson, colored, who Sunday night shot and killed his wife Madeline.
    Due to the fact that he is fairly well known in police circles by his past record, Wilson probably will soon be arrested and charged with murder.
    Wilson shot his wife after they had apparently ended a quarrel, which had its beginning in a separation several months ago.



Thursday 10 July 1930

pg. 8, col. 4

    The following is a list of names of babies born in the city and county during the month of June, 1930, who have been properly registered according to the law. If your baby’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:

John Kermit Hand Harvey James James Webb Little Phillip Nathaniel Cason
Emma Jewel Russell James Ernest Odum, Jr. Irvin Crawford Glover, Jr. Watson Lester Drawdy
Mary Kimbrough Miller Lester Harrison, Jr. Hubert Irwin Liles Sarah Ruby Pritchard
James Edward Allen      
Colored: Abraham Mollette, Jr. James Ellis Eddie James Harris, Jr.
Shelly Fernack Bertha Mungin Barbara Naomi Owens Mary Whaley
Birdie Vesta Hitchcock Elmo Lucius Polite, Jr.    



Tuesday 26 August 1930

Pg. 8 col. 1

Jeannette Houston Arrested By Officers in Jacksonville Today

    If Sheriff Poppell continues his round up of women who are accused of being connected with the alleged murder of Frank Nagal, Washington interior decorator, it will be necessary to enlarge the little McIntosh county jail at Darien.
    Four women, all of whom formerly resided in this city are now locked up in the jail, on charges of murder as accessory before the fact being lodged against them.
    Jeannette Houston was arrested today in Jacksonville.  This made the fifth arrest.  Two, Annie Rowe and Lillian Rewis, were arrested in Savannah last week.  Daisy Rowe Crisp, a sister, was arrested in Jacksonville yesterday, which was followed by the arrest this morning of the Houston woman.  Ruth Cross, first arrested here, is now held under a $500 bond.  Sheriff Poppell was notified at Darien and left immediately for Jacksonville to get the Houston woman.
    A preliminary hearing for three of the women has been set for tomorrow, but it was reported here this afternoon that the hearing had been postponed.  nothing definite, however, could be learned, as Sheriff Poppell was not in Darien and the names of attorneys who represent the women now held were not known.  The report came, however, that all of the preliminary trials had been postponed and would be held either later this week or early in the coming week.
    The story of the arrest of the Houston woman was sent out by the Associated Press from Jacksonville this afternoon and is as follows:
    Jacksonville, Fla., Aug. 26 (AP)  County authorities today announced the arrest of Jeannette Houston, wanted by officers at Darien, Ga., in connection with the disappearance on December 22, 1928, of Frank Nagal, Washington, D.C., interior decorator.
    The Houston woman is the fifth of her sex to be arrested in Nagal's disappearance.  She was arrested in a cigar factory here by Deputy Sheriff J.D. Lockridge.
    Daisy Rowe Crisp
, of Brunswick, was reported arrested yesterday.  Lillian Rewis and Anne Rowe having been taken into custody at Savannah Saturday are now in the county jail at Darien.  Ruth Cross, the other woman held is free under bond of $500.
    Deputy Lockridge said the Houston woman told him that while the other women, Nagal and another man were riding in an automobile near Darien, Nagal snatched her pocketbook, which she said contained $150, and escaped in a swamp.  That was the last she saw of Nagal, Lockridge said she told him.
    When informed of the Houston woman's arrest, Sheriff A.S. Poppell, of Darien, said he would leave today to return her to Darien.  She was said by local officers to have waived extradition.
    Daisy Rowe Crisp was said by Darien officers to have been the mistress of a house at Brunswick where a party was staged on the last night Nagal was seen alive.
    Local authorities were informed that the decapitated body of Nagal was found in a swamp near Darien on February 8 of this year [1930].

Pg. 8 col. 2

River Front Property to be Used as Site Was Purchased Today

    Another marine company which will do general marine construction and repair work and operate a machine shop, will be established here within the next few weeks, according to an announcement made today by Ed Royall and Charles W. Pettigrew.
    The firm will bear the name of Royall Marine Company and is an outgrowth of the Royall Machine Company, which has been operated here for over five years by Mr. Royall.  The firm, which is to be incorporated, will be composed of these two gentlemen.
    The first step in establishing the marine company was made today when Messrs. Royall and Pettigrew acquired the bay front property of A. Rothschild, the site of what was formerly the Brunswick Canning Company, next to the property of Mr. Royall.
    The new company will have a frontage of approximately 200 feet on the bay, including Mr. Royall's present plant.  It is located at the foot of Albemarle street.  The amount of cash involved in the deal is not known.  Mr. Rothschild came here from Jacksonville this morning, the sale being consummated shortly after his arrival.
    When questioned as to what would be the principal business of the firm, Mr. Royall stated this afternoon that they would engage in marine repair work, having a marine railway; marine construction, and operation of a machine shop.  They will also make a specialty of Diesel engines.
    Mr. Royall, whose name the company will bear, is experience in marine work.  He has established quite a reputation in his line.
    Mr. Pettigrew has been connected with the Sea Island Company for the past two years, coming to Brunswick from Petersburg, Va., where he was in the manufacturing business.
    Other than making the brief announcements above the two gentlemen state it would be several days before they would have a definite statement as to the buildings to be erected and other intentions of the company.

Pg. 8 col. 3

Plans to be Made For Big Rally to be Held Here Next Week

    Friends of Hon. Geo. H. Carswell, candidate for governor, will meet at the city hall at 8 o'clock tonight for the purpose of organizing and preparing for an active campaign in his behalf in Glynn county.
    The meeting tonight is announced as only a preliminary one, at which an organization may be formed, the campaign discussed and other matters handled and later it is planned to hold a big Carswell rally, at which judge R.N. Hardeman, of Louisville, manager of the Carswell campaign, will be the principal speaker.
    It has developed that the present secretary of the state has a large following in Brunswick and Glynn county, but there has been no campaign here in his behalf.  In order to get a line on the situation the meeting for tonight was arranged, and all of those who are interested in the success of Mr. Carswell are invited and expected to attend.  Those who are sponsoring the meeting state that, while Mr. Carswell has many supporters here, no one has taken the lead in his fight in this county, and the preliminary meeting was decided upon to give his supporters an opportunity to meet, discuss the situation and decide on the campaign.
    There will be no speaking tonight, merely an informal discussion of the situation, probably the naming of a chairman, etc.  The meeting will be open to all and it is expected that those who favor the candidacy of the secretary of state will be present.
    A date for the big rally has not yet been definitely decided.  It will be held, however, about the middle of next week, and will probably be the last gubernatorial rally in this city before the primary scheduled for two weeks from tomorrow.



Sunday 15 March 1931

pg. 3 col. 1


            Logansport, Ind., March 14 (AP)—Lloyd Bolt, 38, of Brunswick, Ga., was sentenced to one to seven years in the Indiana state prison yesterday on his plea of guilty to charges of passing a fraudulent check at a lumber yard.
            The above Associated Press dispatch was received by The News in its regular service yesterday.
            Bolt was a former resident of Brunswick; in fact he spent his boyhood here, but he has been away from the city for many years.  He was here several years ago at the head of a colored minstrel troupe.  News that he had been convicted of passing a fraudulent check came as a surprise to his local friends.  As far as is known he had a fine record.



Thursday 5 November 1931

Pg. 3 col. 5

NEGRO ORDERED HELD—Monroe, Ga., Nov. 5 [illegible] A coroner’s jury here late yesterday ordered Raymond Bloodsaw, negro, held for grand jury investigation in the death of Harold Conner, 20, white, who was run down and killed by an automobile. Opal Jackson, Bloodsaw’s companion, was released on $250 bond. Conner is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Conner, and four brothers and one sister, all residents of this community.



Friday 7 July 1933

pg. 2, cols. 3-5

OLD POST ROAD HISTORIC PATH--Marker Recently Placed to Preserve History of That Famous Thoroughfare of History--By MARGARET DAVIS CATE

        The Old Post Road parallels the Atlantic Coast about twenty miles, following a course that avoided the swamps near the coast and crossing the rivers at points suitable for fording or ferrying.  It marks the line of the old coast line of Georgia, following the foot of the sand hills which were really the old sand dunes along the beach in the days when the present coastal plain was the ocean bed.
        The Post Road was first an Indian trail and was utilized by the Spanish explorers and English settlers.
        So well established was it as a main artery of travel that in 1760, when the Colonial authorities decided to establish a fort on the Altamaha river for the protection of the settlers in the southern part of the colony, the site selected was Barrington, a bluff on the bank of the Altamaha river, where the Post Road crossed the river.
        It is interesting to know that the sum of 50 pounds allotted for the building of the fort was derived from the sale of cattle on St. Simons Island which had been the property of the trustees.
        This particular bluff on the Altamaha was the site of the home of Col. Josiah Barrington, whose wife was Sarah Williams, daughter of Lieut. Thomas Williams, a cousin of General Oglethorpe.  The fortification was called Fort Barrington and that part of the Post Road near the fort is commonly called the Barrington Road.
        A year later an act of the legislature of the colony of Georgia established a "publick ferry" at Fort Barrington.  Said act stated that the ferry "shall be and the same is hereby vested in Benjamin Lewis...for and during a term of five years...; that the said Benjamin Lewis shall and is hereby required to provide and keep at the ferry vested in him aforesaid one or more sufficient ferry boat or boats fit to carry five horses and also a sufficient number of servants, slaves or other persons constantly to attend the said ferry as well by night as by day to transport and carry over the same passengers, their servants, slaves, horses, cattle and carriages and it shall be and may be lawful for the said Benjamin Lewis... to ask, demand, and receive for the ferriage...the several prices and rates following, vizt.:

At The Ferry at Fort Barrington
(If on the opposite shore)

        For every foot passenger, 2 pence.
        For every person and horse, six pence.
        For every wheel carriage, three pence per wheel.
        For every single horse, three pence.
        And if swam, one penny, half penny.
        For meat cattle, three pence per head.
        For calves, sheep or hogs, one penny per head.
        And if swam, half penny per head.
        "But provided there should be such a fresh in the River Altamaha as renders it impracticable to go through the swamp on the opposite side then and in that case it shall and may be lawful for the said ferry man to demand...the following rates of ferriage to Mutteris Landing and the same if brought from Santa Sevilia, vizt.;:
        "For every person and horse, four shillings, six pence.
        "For every foot traveler, two shillings.
        "For every wheel carriage, two shillings, three pence per wheel.
        "For every single horse, two shillings, three pence.
        "Benjamin Lewis shall affix or cause to be affixed and constantly kept in some public part of the house where he...shall reside, or kept at the said ferry, a list of the rates and prices of ferriage...as is settled in and by this act."
        During the Revolutionary War, the American forces under Gen. Howe, camped at Fort Barrington, then called Fort Howe, gathering the forces which were to march down the Post Road to attack the British who had established themselves at Fort Tonyn on the northern bank of the St. Mary's river, the site of which is now known as Scrubby Bluff, a few miles from Kingsland.
        One of the earliest postal routes established in south Georgia was along this road.  The postman with the saddlebags brought letters to the inhabitants of this section long before postage stamps were used.
        During the era between the Revolutionary War and the War Between the States many prosperous plantations were located along the Post Road.  To accommodate the traffic a stage route was established and the stage coach and driver were familiar figures; inns located at convenient points were busy centers.
        One such stage house, or tavern, was established near the granite marker on the Post Road by the Brunswick Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution in 1932.  This tavern was operated by Job Tison, who came to Georgia from Pitt county, North Carolina about 1785.  He first settled on the coast at Cabbage Bluff but soon removed to a tract on the Post Road which he called Coleridge.  His wife was Sidnah Sheffield, daughter of West Sheffield, Revolutionary soldier and pioneer citizen of Wayne county.
        Job Tison and his wife established here at Coleridge the only hostelry between the Altamaha and St. Mary's rivers where travelers on the Post Road might obtain comfortable lodgings and refreshments.  This inn is still standing and is perhaps the oldest wooden structure in this section.  Many noted men and women were entertained under its roof in the olden days.
        Job Tison and his wife, with other members of his family lie in the family burying ground near Coleridge, while West Sheffield is buried at his plantation home, Linda, located on the Post Road where it crosses the Satilla river.
        In 1803, when Wayne county was cut off from Glynn county, this Post Road marked the boundary between the two counties and, later when Brantley county was created from Wayne county, it continued as a boundary line between these counties, instead of being a dividing line, has been their strongest connecting link.  This road connected the capitals of these south Georgia counties, passing through Camden's old county seat, Jefferson [sic], and on to Tuckersville, the first seat of government of Wayne county--a place that is little more than a memory and whose name has lost its meaning to all except a few who remember having heard it.  Later, Wayne's capital was removed to Waynesville, which was also served by the Post Road.

pg. 3, col. 4


        East of the Coastal Highway leading north from Brunswick to the rice plantations there is a tract of land which projects out into the marsh called Carteret's Point, a name which has had many variations from time to time, having been called Carteret's, Cartwright's, Cartright's and Heyward's Point.  This land is opposite Frederica and is the nearest point on the mainland to St Simons.  It originally contained three or four thousand acres which extended from the old highway, which has always been known as Carterets Road, to the water's edge.  A number of years ago the Coastal Highway cut through this property and now, together with glimpses of wood and field, we can see the marsh and the water beyond.  Carteret's Point possesses today only the oak trees and traditions of the past.
        During the early days of the colonies this point of land was used as one of Oglethorpe's outposts.  In "Our Todays and Yesterdays," Mrs. Cate gives an account of one, a pioneer citizen, George Carteret, who established a trading post here and was ultimately massacred by the Indians.  It seems that the first Roswell King was given two grants of land at Carteret's Point and established a plantation which was one of the show places of this section.  According to his descendants this plantation was old to Dr. Tunno of Chempneys Island.  In Fanny Kemble's "journal" she mentions Carteret's Point more than once and says:
        "We found, on trying to go to Cartright's Point, that the state of the tide would not admit of our getting thitheer, and so had to return leaving it unvisited.  It seems to me strange that where the labor of many hands might be commanded, piers and wharves and causeways are not thrown out (wooden ones, of course, I mean) wherever the common traffic to or from different parts of the plantation is thus impeded by the daily rise and fall of the tide; the trouble and expense would be nothing, and the gain in convenience very considerable."
        This seems to be the condition along the water front today at Carteret's Point.
        Early in the 19th century the Wright family from St. Simons Island established a cotton plantation at Carteret's Point called Monticello.  In a will on record in this county, dated 1828, Samuel Wright II leaves his interest in "that certain plantation near Brunswick called Monticello, containing 350 acres of pine and hammock land," to his nephews and niece, Samuel III, Christopher and Rebecca Wright, children of James Bruce Wright and Ann BurnettWashington Wright, their youngest child, was born two years later.  James Bruce Wright died here in 1930 [1830?] and was taken back to St. Simons and buried in the Frederica churchyard besides the graves of his kindred.  On his tombstone is states that he "died at his residence Monticello."  Later Christopher Wright established a home of his own on a part of this Monticello estate, which place has since been known as the Kit Wright place.  In 1875 this was conveyed to Burrell Lamb.
        This is but a fleeting survey of what has been.  Another turn of the wheel and we find this picture of yesterday cut in pieces like a jig-saw puzzle.  A few acres from one tract have been added to those of another and Carteret's Point becomes the summer home of the rice planters with new names for their home sites.  The Grants, the Dents and the Troups lived at Sedgemore, the Parsonage and Thornhill, each a part of the original Carteret's Point.
        In 1882 the Heywards acquired 760 acres of land here and later the place was known as Heyward's Point.
        The place today that is pointed out as Carteret's Point has a "No Trespassing" sign confronting you.  Beyond a ploughed field one can see the oak trees and a view of Federica beyond, remote without distance.  In this field stands a clump of trees on a piece of ground untouched by the plough.  Within this small space sleep the two young children of Christopher Wright, all that is left of the Kit Wright place and of Monticello plantation.

pg. 6, cols. 3-6

BLACKBEARD HELD FORTH ON COAST--Strange Tales of Activities of Pirate in This Section Have Been Handed Down Through Years--By MRS. K.G. BERRIE

        Pirates played a conspicuous part in the early history of America but it was not until the founding of the English colonies that they famous piracies of the 17th and 18th centuries began.  From these bold rovers the old Buccaneers of the West Indies drew many of their most desperate companions who in after years assumed the leadership of expeditions never surpassed in the annals of piracy.
        The name of Edward Teach, or Blackbeard, as he was familiarly known, survives in many local traditions on the coast of Georgia.  Although there were other pirates whose names inspired terror throughout half the world, to Teach, or Blackbeard, was awarded the distinction of being the most desperate of them all.  His depredations extended at one time up the coast as far as Pennsylvania, and on his expeditions to the north he frequently made Philadelphia his headquarters.
        Blackbeard Island, a few miles to the north of here, is named for the famous Teach, because tradition says it was one of his favorite hiding places.  The numerous harbors and inlets of this coast afforded him a safe refuge when pursued by enemies, and a most excellent place for refitting and repairing after a cruise.  Here, too, he could bring his prizes, and if ancient tradition be ture, bury his treasure.  The coast country was a wilderness, inhabited only be scattered tribes of savages, and once within the inlets and harbors afforded by the islands along the coast Blackbeard and his crew of freebooters were protected from interference and could plot their nefarious schemes at their leisure.
        Cabretta Inlet, separating Blackbeard Island fro Sapeloe [sic], has no doubt borne on its bosom many times the dreaded "Adventure," Blackbeard's pirate craft; the great oaks on either side of this inlet have perhaps swayed in teh same breeze that unfurled the black flag of that dreaded ship as the swift sails sped the pirates by on murder and plunder bent.
        Here on the lonely beach at Blackbeard Island, tradition says Edward Teach's plunder is buried, and though much digging has been done in the hope of discovering it, as far as is known no part of it has yet been unearthed.  Perhaps the gruesome custom of those fierce sea robbers of burying the murdered body of one of their own hand besides the stolen gold so that his restless spirit might "walk" as the guardian of the spot, has intimidated some of the treasure hunters.  Or perhaps, it is as Blackbeard himself prophesied on the eve of his fatal engagement in Orracoke, when he knew he was cornered by Lieutenant Maynard and was likely to be killed the next day.  Blackbeard sat up and drank until morning with some of his own men and the master of a merchantman, and one of his men asked him in case anything should happen to him in the engagement with the sloops, whether his wife knew where he had buried his money?  He answered that "Nobody but myself and the devil knows where it is, and the longest liver shall take all."  On the day after his boast about the security of the hidden gold, Blackbeard's gory head was displayed on the bow of Lieutenant Maynard's sloop as he sailed triumphantly into Bath, N.C.  There is a tradition that after the head of Blackbeard was severed from his body, the headless trunk swam three times around his captor's ship.
        Blackbeard delighted in the picturesque.  When preparing to engage in some diabolical crime he would burn sulphur [sic] and brimstone in the hold of his ship, plait his long black beard, which reached below his waist, and decorate it with lighted tapers.  He would chew glass until the blood trickled from his lips, and engage in a devil's dance on the deck of his ship, terrorizing his followers into implicit obediances [sic] to his wishes.
        Capt. Charles Johnson's "History of the Pirates" states that in Blackbeard's encounter with Lieut. Maynard, the notorious pirate used several new-fashioned grenades, viz., case bottles filled with powder and small shot, slugs and pieces of lead or iron, with a quick match at the end of it which being lighted outside, presently runs in the bottle to the powder.  As these forerunners of our present-day hand grenades were thrown on board they did great damage, besides throwing all the crew in confusion.  After Blackbeard boarded Lieut. Maynard's sloop, using the smoke of one of the bottles mentioned as a screen, Maynard and Teach came together in a hand-to-hand conflict.  Johnson in his history states:  "Blackbeard received a shot in his body from the pistol that Lieut. Maynard discharged, yet he stood his ground, and fought with great fury until he received five and twenty wounds, and five of them by shot.  At length, as he was cocking another pistol, having fired several before, he fell down dead."  This was in the year 1718.
        The island which bears the famous pirate's name has been the property of the United States government for 133 years, having been acquired at public auction in 1800 at the price of $15,000, as a timber reservation.  It is now under the control of the bureau of biological survey, United States Department of agriculture, and is used as a refuge for wild life and an experiment station for the e orrInntha [sic] tion of certain foreign game birds.



Tuesday 18 July 1933

Pg. 6 col. 3


            Announcement is made of the marriage of Miss Martelle Griffen, attractive young daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W.A. Griffen, to Mr. James Samuel Shiver, which was quietly solemnized Saturday afternoon, July 15 in Darien.
            Their many friends will be interested to know of the marriage of this well-known couple who are at home with Mr. Shiver’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.G. Shiver, on Norwich street. The bridegroom is employed by the Parker Realty Company.



Thursday 7 September 1933

Pg. 6 col. 3

CONSTABLE SHOT IN FIGHT TODAY—Robert Thompson in Hospital With Bullet Wound and Dock Owens and Frank Sylvia are Being Held

            Robert Thompson, constable, is in the City Hospital with a bullet wound in his hip and a dangerous blow over his head from a black-jack, and Dock Owens and Frank Sylvia are being held by police pending further investigation as the result of a difficulty between the three men this morning.
            The fight started near the front of the combination grocery store and shoe shop operated by Nick Sotirin [sic], 1306 Gloucester street, and ended in the shoe shop, where the men engaged in a fight before one or more pistol shots were fired. The bullet wound received by Thompson is not considered serious, it was stated, but the blow over the head was said to be quite dangerous. Owens likewise received a blow over the head from a black-jack and his wound was dressed by a physician at the city jail.
            Various reports were circulated as to the cause of the trouble, it was shown by an investigation made by Police Chief J.E. Register, who has not as yet finished the investigation.
            The wounded constable told the police chief and others with whom he talked after being wounded that the trouble resulted from his refusal to take a drink with the two men. He said he had a flat tire in front of the drug store operated by Thomas Miller and went to the store to use the telephone to call a garage. Owens, he said, as did Miller, came into the drug store and asked Thompson to take a drink with him. He declined, stating that he did not drink. According to the chief’s investigation Sylvia then came into the drug store and also asked Thompson to take a drink and he again refused.
            According to the police report Thompson then went out to his automobile, parked along the curb, and the two men went out to the car. Again, it was said, they asked him to take a drink, and when he refused, witnesses told the police chief, Owens took off his coat and told Thompson he was going to whip him.
            There the fight started and the trio went into the combination grocery store and shoe shop. Thompson told the chief that Owens struck him over the head with a black-jack, and that he then drew his black-jack and retaliated. Owens, according to the statement, did not have a revolver, but jerked Thompson’s from his holster and, the constable said, fired upon him. Although the chamber of the revolver showed only one empty cartridge, people in the vicinity declared the heard two or three shots. Greeks in the grocery store insisted they did not know how many shots were fired.
            When the fight started some one called police headquarters and stated two men were fighting. Officer Scott was assigned to the case, but before he arrived the shooting occurred. When he reached the scene, he said, Thompson was seated in a chair in the store, while Owens was nearby and Sylvia, with a revolver in his hand, was standing near Thompson. Officer Scott arrested both men and carried them to police headquarters, while Miller’s ambulance was called and carried Thompson to the hospital, where he received medical attention.
            Only brief statements were made by the two men, it was reported. Sylvia is alleged to have stated that the quarrel started at his place on the Coastal highway, but there was no evidence that the three had been there. Owens, it is understood, claims he did not strike Thompson until the constable hit him over the head with a black-jack, and further that he shot after he believed Thompson was attempting to pull his revolver and fire on him.
            Owens and Sylvia are big held on blanket charges pending further investigation into the affair.

[in June of 1934 Frank Sylvia was up for bond on a charge of assault with intent to murder; rule nisi on bond—ALH]



Thursday 2 November 1933

Pg. 8 col. 1


            Glynn county police officers yesterday afternoon swooned down on a moonshine still which was in full operation; steam was pouring from the improvised stack, liquor was flowing through the pipes and into a container and four or five men were busily engaged in its operation. But they hurriedly departed on sight of the officers.
            The raid was made by Chief Godwin and Officer Coleman and the still was located in the Evelyn Plantation enclosure along the Altamaha delta 12 miles from the city. The still, though not an unusually large one, was modern in every respect, and it was steamed up to full capacity when the officers put in their appearance.
The men seen busily engaged around the still made a break when the officers appeared, but two of them were captured, a third, not present, was later arrested, while the officers hope to round up others connected with the still.
            The two men arrested were Howard Barwick and S.O. Jenkins, both of whom live at Dock Junction. They were brought to the city and released on bond.
            The third man arrested was John Rogers, colored, who resides in a house near the still and who is caretaker of the old plantation. Rogers was not present at the time, but was picked up later. He insists he had no connection with the illicit business whatever. He is in jail unable to provide the necessary bond.
            The officers captured 200 gallons of liquor, 1,800 gallons of beer, 18 barrels of mash, which was at the still ready to be run, and 12 additional barrels were located in a nearby barn.
            The still, officers reported, appeared to have been run steadily and it is believed it has been operated on full time since it was installed, thought to have been about two months ago.



12 February 1934


        Four Glynn county negroes were drowned and five others had a narrow escape in a frightful accident late Saturday afternoon when a large automobile in which they were riding crashed through the railing on South Brunswick River bridge, six miles south of the city, and plunged into the icy waters below.
        The four negroes who lost their lives were: Carrie Jackson, George Burns, Horace Lamar and his wife Annie May Lamar. Those who escaped were Jimmie Jackson, husband of one of the drowned woman, Sheppard Maxwell, Clarence Mack, Robert Mack, and Jack Wiggins.
        All of the negroes resided in the Brookman section of the county and they were well known, both by the white and colored residents of that section of the city, and all of them had good reputations.
        The accident was attributed to the wet and slippery condition of the bridge, which was covered with ice as a result of the freeze Saturday. Jimmie Jackson was at the wheel of the large car. The party of negroes had been to Brunswick to do their Saturday shopping and were returning to their homes. Jackson, who owned and who was driving the car, said as he approached the top of the slippery bridge he observed a truck mounting the south end, and he pulled his car slightly to the right to pass the truck. He said the car started to skidding on the icy bridge and he realized he could not apply the brakes, for fear it would wreck the car. He said he endeavored to right the machine, as it whirled from one to the other side of the bridge, but he was unable to control it. When within about 25 feet of the end, he said, the car headed directly into the railing, and crashing it. The big car took a nose dive into the almost frozen waters with its nine passengers.
        There was a wild scramble as the automobile struck the bottom. The front of the machine was submerged, while a portion of the rear protruded from the water. The five negroes who escaped and reached shore extricated themselves with difficulty. Some of them said they cam through the top, others claimed they made their exit through windows, and all insisted it was impossible to open the doors to permit those trapped in the car to escape. Jackson said he was caught under the wheel and that it was some time before he could extricate himself and escape.
        Assistance soon arrived, but it was feared the four missing negroes had been drowned, and there was no way of making an immediate search. A wrecker was summoned to the scene but it was impossible to pull the heavy car from the bottom of the river an dark ended operations until Sunday morning.
        Early yesterday the car was pulled to the banks of the river and a search was made for the missing victims. Carrie Jackson was found in the car, but the other three bodies had floated out. The woman had a death grip on a top post in the car. About noon the bodies of the other three negroes were found. Low water had left them on the river bank near the scene where they lost their lives.
        The five negroes who escaped were not seriously injured. One or two of them received cuts and bruises. Sheppard Maxwell, however, was almost frozen during the time he was in the water, and he suffered to such an extent that he was carried to the City Hospital yesterday for treatment.



Thursday 8 March 1934

Pg. 8 col. 5


            Glynn county’s last surviving Confederate veteran, J.H. Smith, was reported to be seriously ill at his home on Norwich street today, and, because his advanced age is so much against him, it is feared he will not recover.
            Mr. Smith, a resident of Glynn county for many years, has been the last Confederate veteran for more than a year, when the only other old soldier of the ‘sixties passed away.  He has always evinced much interest in the Confederate organizations and has missed but few of the annual reunions.  Last year he attended both the state and the general reunion.  His health has been unusually good in the past, his friends state, and his serious illness at this time is deeply regretted.



Monday 23 April 1934

Pg. 8 col. 1


            Believed by Coroner J.D. Baldwin to have been a victim of foul play, an unidentified white man was found dead in the marsh along Highland creek on the west side of Blythe Island late Saturday afternoon.  A coroner’s jury, after viewing the body and hearing the little evidence available, returned a verdict that the man came to his death from unknown causes.
            The body was discovered by a Blythe Island resident who was returning from a fishing trip.  He observed it in the marsh, investigated, and ascertaining it was the body of a man, notified the coroner.
            Coroner Baldwin expressed the belief today that the body was that of a foreigner, and he held to the opinion that the man had been murdered and his body thrown into the creek.  The fact that a rope had been securely tied around his body caused the Coroner to reach the opinion of foul play, although he said it was possible for the man to have been drowned in some way, his body floating to the obscure place where it was found.  This, however, he said, was improbable.  If the man was murdered and his body thrown overboard in the vicinity in which it was found, the persons carrying it there had to be familiar with the island, as it is a difficult point to reach.
            The man was described as being about 35 [or 55?] years of age, weighed about 175 pounds and was six feet three inches in height.  He wore two pairs of trousers, one of blue and the other gray, a blue work shirt, a pair of wide suspenders and one sock remained on one of his feet.  The manner in which he was dressed indicated he was in dire circumstances, therefore no theory of robbery and murder has been advanced.  His suspenders were tied to his trousers with a piece of lace leather and all the clothes he had on appeared to be old.  Because of the decomposed condition of the body it was impossible to tell whether or not there were marks of violence on the body.  The coroner, however, says the fact that a rope was securely tied around the man’s body indicated foul play of some kind.
            The only articles found in his pockets was a knife and parts of two pipes.  The knife was one used for advertising purposes and on the white bone handle was printed “Tomer Cognac ‘Marcel.’”  The pipes were identical, being octagon shaped, with the stems of both missing.  Four of the teeth were missing in the upper right jaw and two in the upper left jaw.
            No one has been missing in this vicinity in recent months and the body is not believed to be that of a local resident.  The coroner believes the man has been dead for two or three months.



July 1934


        The following is a list of names of babies born in Brunswick and Glynn county during the month of June 1934, who have been properly registered according to law. If your baby’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:
        Jacqulyn Lila Hayes, June Leslie Madden, Ella Gertrude Chapman, Billie Jean Ponsell, John Hardin Law, John Alexander Barron, Jr., Marilyn Jacqulyn McDowell.
Colored—Clarence Green, Dorothy Henrietta Blue, Jeannette Leonard, Vivian Marie Crittenden, Jewel May Streeter, Lamar Jariel Moody, Jr., Theresa Louise Lawrence, Walter Ben Jackson, Ed Bines, Jr.



Monday 22 October 1934

Pg. 8 col. 4

IN SAVANNAH HOSPITAL—Mrs. Peter George, wife of the well known proprietor of the Plaza Café, is reported to be quite ill in the Central Railway Hospital in Savannah.  She entered the hospital yesterday.

ATTENDING CONVENTION—Jas. D. Gould, Earl Grant and Hoyt Brown left yesterday for Miami to attend the annual national convention of the American Legion, which convened today and which will continue most of the week.

REMOVED TO HOME—Eugene Joines, who was so badly injured a week ago when struck by an automobile on the St. Simons causeway, was removed from the City Hospital to his home yesterday.  While reported to be slightly improved, young Joines is still suffering from his injuries, and is conscious only at times.

AT HEALTH CONFERENCE—Dr. M.E. Winchester, Glynn county health officer, left yesterday for Atlanta to attend a health conference today.  He received a telegram Saturday from Dr. T.F. Abercrombie, state commissioner of health, announcing that an important conference would be held and urging him to attend.  Matters of interest to health measures throughout the state will be discussed.

Pg. 8 col. 5

TODAY’S POLICE COURT—Some fifteen offenders faced Recorded Hopkins at today’s session of the police court.  The charges, however, were for minor offenses, such as being drunk, disorderly conduct, fighting, etc., while several were arraigned for violating the city’s traffic ordinances.



Thursday 25 October 1934

Pg. 8 col. 3

PARTY ARRIVES ON FISHING TRIP—Judge Max L. McRee, member of the state highway board, headed a party arriving here today to spend two or three days on a fishing trip in nearby waters.  Other members of the party were Judge Euchel Graham, of McRae, and Mr. DeLaPerriere, state purchasing agent.  Shortly after their arrival they left to enjoy a day’s outing in McIntosh county and they will fish elsewhere near here for  [do not have the rest of article—Amy Hedrick]

Pg. 8 col. 5

SCHOOL BOY HIT BY AN AUTOMOBILE—Virgil Boone, 14, of 2612 Wolf street, was struck by an automobile shortly after 2:30 o'clock this afternoon at the intersection of Norwich and Gloucester streets.  The boy was carried to the City Hospital in Miller’s ambulance, and first examination developed that the injuries were not thought to be serious.  He sustained a slight cut over the eye.  However, an X-ray will be made later in the afternoon.
            The car which struck the youth was driven by Jas. J. Kelley, of New York state, who immediately stopped his car.  Police investigated the accident and one or two witnesses stated the little boy was playing and dashed into the car, consequently the tourist was not held.



Thursday 24 January 1935

Pg. 8 col. 4


            Arthur Owens, charged with assault with intent to murder in connection with the wounding on September 7, 1933, of Constable R. Thompson, went on trial in Glynn superior court today. He was indicted jointly with Frank Sylvia, but the cases are to be tired separately.
            A number of witnesses were introduced both by the state and the defense, the case being quite a hard fought one. The defendant is represented by Farr & Mitchell, while Solicitor W.B. Gibbs is assisted in the prosecution by W.C. Little.
            The constable was shot and seriously wounded in a difficulty with the two men on the date named, but the defendant on trial today claims, and some witnesses so testified, that the shooting was accidental.
            The constable, of course, was the principal state witness. He said he was in a drug store at the corner of Gloucester and Albany streets when Owens and Sylvia came in and invited him to take a drink. He said he declined and later left the drug store, going to his car parked nearby. He said the men followed and insisted he take a drink with them, that he still refused and that a difficulty followed, and that Owens jerked his revolver from his holster and fired on him. Two or three witnesses for the state rendered similar testimony.
            Owens, however, as well as witnesses for the defense, told a different story. The defendant claimed he and Sylvia did invite the constable to take a drink with them in the drug store. On the outside, he said, when a difficulty was started, Thompson struck him with a billy and as he attempted to reach for his revolver he tussled with him, when the weapon was accidentally discharged, the bullet striking the constable. One or two of the witnesses also testified they saw the men struggling a second before the report of the revolver was heard, while some of the state witnesses gave entirely different evidence.
            All of the testimony was concluded before the noon recess and two of the attorneys addressed the jury, Solicitor Gibbs for the state and Vance Mitchell for the defense. When court opened at 2:30 this afternoon the arguments were concluded, H.O. Farr speaking for the defense and Mr. Little closing for the state.
            Judge Thomas then charged the jury and the twelve men retired about 4 o’clock to consider the case, which has attracted considerable attention, as the principals are well known.
            Whether the case against Sylvia will be taken up during the present session of the court was not announced.



Friday 25 January 1935

Pg. 6 col. 4


            Arthur Owens, on trial in the Glynn superior court yesterday on a charge of assault with intent to murder in connection with the shooting of Constable R. Thompson on September 7, 1933, was convicted by a jury late in the afternoon and recommendation made that he be punished as for a misdemeanor.
            The verdict of the jury read as follows: “We find the defendant guilty of shooting at another not in his own defense and fix the penalty at not less than one year nor more than one year and a day, and recommend that he be punished as for a misdemeanor.
            While the jury fixed the sentence in his verdict, it is understood the court can sentence Owens to serve one year, to serve six months in jail and a fine up to $1,000. It is stated the judge can impose one or all of these sentences. It has not been stated when the judge will pass sentence.
            The case occupied practically all of yesterday. It was given to the jury shortly after 1 o’clock and the verdict was returned after the jurymen had considered the case for about one hour.
            Frank Sylvia, indicted jointly with Owens on the same charge, has not as yet been tried. Whether or not his case will be taken up during the present session of the court is not known.



Tuesday 5 February 1935

Pg. 8 col. 2


            The elopement and subsequent marriage of George Scarlett with the daughter of a socially prominent Chevy Chase, Md., family, whom he served as chauffeur, has led to the police court.
            A hearing in court has been set for Thursday at Rockville, Md., on the charge of Mrs. Howard DeWalden Cooke that her son-in-law, George Scarlett, stole $5,000 worth of the Cooke jewelry.  Scarlett and Mrs. Cooke’s daughter, Jane, eloped twelve days ago.
            Scarlett, arrested in Savannah after he and his bride had visited Brunswick and had started northward, posted bond of $1,000 yesterday for his appearance at the hearing.
            His bride and her father were with him when he made bond.  Apparently the father has welcomed Scarlett into the family but Mrs. Cooke remains adamant.
            An elderly sister of the bride, Ann, accompanied the couple to Georgia on the first part of their honeymoon.



Thursday 7 February 1935

Pg. 8 col. 5


            George Scarlett, son of Mr. and Mrs. G.S. Scarlett, who has figured in several sensational stories since his elopement last week with Jane Cooke, social registerite of Rockville, Md., and Washington, was today dismissed by Police Judge Donald A. DeLashhutt, in Rockville, on larceny charges filed by Mrs. Howard deWalden Cooke, mother of the bride, according to an Association Press dispatch received by The News today.
            Young Scarlett and his bride came to Brunswick following their elopement, spending several days here with relatives of the groom.  They left here Saturday to return to Washington, and shortly before arriving in Savannah were in an automobile wreck.
            It was while they were in Savannah that a warrant was served on Scarlett charging him with the theft of jewelry valued at $5,000 owned by Mrs. Cooke.  She alleged, it is understood, he took it with him when he eloped with her daughter.  Scarlett denied the charge, as did his wife, they both claiming the jewelry in question was at the Cooke home in Rockville.
            The young bride and groom returned to Washington on Monday, Scarlett furnishing the necessary bond, and the case was set for hearing in Rockville today.  According to the telegram receive here the case was called and immediately dismissed by the Rockville judge.
            “This case is evidently a family affair,” the judge said.  “For some reason, two important witnesses have shown a reluctance to testify.
            “The veracity of the prosecution witness, who charges her son-in-law with the theft of her jewelry, is equal to the denial of the defendant.
            Meanwhile, if the parties in this case decide they want to talk, they are not banned from reciting their stories to the grand jury.”
            Scarlett, a former resident of Winston-Salem, N.C., eloped two weeks ago with Jane Cooke, 20-year old daughter of the Chevy Chase society woman.
            Mrs. Cooke charged that they made off with two family automobiles, two dogs, part of the family liquor supply and $5,000 worth of her jewelry.  She said they cut the telephone wire in the home before leaving.
            The two who refused to testify were the father of the bride, who is reported to have given his blessing to the marriage of his daughter and wife’s chauffeur, and Miss Anna Cooke, an alder sister of the bride, who accompanied the couple on the first part of their honeymoon.
            It was revealed today that the couple slipped away to Washington and were married while Scarlett was ostensibly having his lunch in a Chevy Chase lunch room.  Mrs. Cooke had given him 30 cents to buy the lunch, after he had spent the morning shoveling snow in the Cooke backyard, Scarlett said.



Friday 8 February 1935

Pg. 6 col. 3


            George S. Scarlett, who was in Brunswick with his bride for a few days last week on a honeymoon after their elopement, and who has figured prominently in public print since the elopement, was in the limelight again today.  The son of a former prominent Glynn county resident had lost his bride of less than two weeks, according to the following Associated Press dispatch which was received by The News this afternoon from Washington:
            “George S. Scarlett, chauffeur who eloped with Jane Cooke, daughter of a socially prominent family of Chevy Chase, Md., today had only a wedding ring to show for the experience, his bride having vanished.
            “He was freed in police court in Rockville, Md., yesterday of a charge brought by Mrs. Howard DeWalden Cooke, mother of the bride, that he had made off with $5,000 worth of her jewelry.
            “It was disclosed today that when Scarlett returned after the hearing to the home of an aunt of the bride in Washington where the couple had been staying, he found that his wife had left for an unannounced destination.
            “The youthful Scarlett found a note.  When he opened it the wedding ring fell out.  The bride wrote merely that she was going away.
            “Member of her family said she had wanted ‘to get away from it all.’
            “The pair eloped two weeks ago, were married in Washington and then left for the south.  Scarlett was arrested in Savannah, Ga., last Saturday on the mother-in-law’s charge of theft.  Both he and his bride denied vehemently that any of Mrs. Cooke’s jewelry was taken."



Wednesday 10 April 1935

Pg. 8 col. 5


            A residence built in Brunswick in 1810, just 95 years ago, and claimed to be one of the oldest in the city, is today being razed to give way to a modern apartment house on which work will begin immediately.
            The residence, corner of Union and Monk streets, now owned by Frank M. Scarlett, for years was known as the Scranton home, having been erected by an old Glynn county family by that name. The Scranton family, old residents state, was prominent in Brunswick for years, and the home now being razed was occupied by the family for a long period.
            Mr. Scarlett sold the old residence as it stood, and an investigation made yesterday after the work of tearing it away had started, disclosed that the lumber in it, or a greater portion of it, is as solid today as it was when it was first used nearly a century ago. It was pointed out in those days lumber was of a much higher grade than that used in construction at present.
            The work of tearing away the old structure will take about two weeks, after which Mr. Scarlett will start work on the new modern apartment house.



Wednesday 10 July 1935

Pg. 8 col. 4

BIRTH STATISTICS—The following is a list of names of babies born in Brunswick and Glynn county, Ga., during the month of June, 1935, who have been properly registered according to law.  If your baby’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:
            Betty Lois Bell, Ivelly Betty Daniels, Benjamin Franklin O’Quinn, Jr., Catherine Annett Lucree, Clarence Ronald Dubs, Clarence Howard Leavy, Third; Betty Louise Beasley, Robert Everett Merron, Jr., Donald Willard Garrett, Jr.
            Colored—Lolabell Mack, Elworth Speakman, Vanderline Williams, Helen Geneva Brewer, Fannie Pearl Williams, Eleanor Eugenia Dukes.



Tuesday 5 November 1935

pg. 8 col. 5

        A carrier pigeon owned by some fancier in Savannah was picked up here this morning by J.B. Tankersley and is being held by him. The bird was exhausted when it was picked up. On a band under one wing appeared the name, "Rainbow." On one leg was a band bearing the number, 44, and on another band was probably the address of the owner, 909 Seiler avenue, Savannah, Ga.



Monday 30 December 1935

Pg. 8 col. 5


            Clarence R. Isaac, former Brunswick resident, aided in saving the life of a prominent Long Island, N.Y., dentist a few days ago, it has been learned here.
            Dr. George Ross was found unconscious on the floor of his office, a mask on his face attached to a tank of nitrous oxide gas.  A Long Island patrolman broke into the office and with the assistance of Mr. Isaac succeeded in resuscitating the prostrate dentist.  The two found an oxygen tank and an estra mask.  They fastened the mask to the dentist’s face and attached it to the tank.  Physicians arrived later and the life of Dr. Ross was saved.



Monday 6 January 1936

Pg. 8 col. 2


            Five men are at liberty under $100 bonds on charges of being drunk and fighting in a public place, and a warrant for a sixth charging assault and battery as a result of a reported “free for all fight” at Turner’s Place, six miles south of Brunswick on the Coastal Highway, yesterday morning according to Chief L.O. Godwin, of the Glynn county police.
            Four of the men, according to Chief Godwin, were painfully injured in the melee.
            Those under arrest are Charlie Durden, Kelly Durden and Dennis Durden, brothers; and B.E. Parker and L.P. Turner, while T.L. “Nub” Turner is facing charges on a warrant issued as a result of the fight.
            Charlie Durden, Dennis Durden and B.E. Parker, Chief Godwin stated, sustained head injuries in the fracas but did not require hospital treatment.  T.L. “Nub” Turner, proprietor of the place, however, was taken to the City Hospital and treated for a severely lacerated nose, sustained when it is alleged he was struck across the face with a banjo.
            Chief Godwin stated he has been unable to determine the cause of the fight but had the case under investigation.

VAN BUREN IN HOSPITAL—Harold K. Van Buren, of Dallas, Texas, who has been spending his vacation in Brunswick, is ill and is being treated at the City Hospital.  He arrived last week to spend his vacation here and on Sea Island Beach, where he formerly conducted a private school.

Pg. 8 col. 3

INJURED IN ACCIDENT—Mrs. Margaret O’Leary, 52, of Washington, D.C., is being treated at the City Hospital for slight injuries sustained in an automobile accident Sunday.  She received cuts on her chin and left ear and other lacerations but will be able to leave the hospital probably tomorrow.  Four others in the automobile with her escaped with slight injuries.

Pg. 8 col. 5

LOCAL KIWANIANS ON COMMITTEES—Four members of the Brunswick Kiwanis Club have been named on committees of the Georgia district.  Appointments of all committees have just been announced by Joe S. Shaw, district governor.

            Major W.L. Harwell was named chairman of the committee on public affairs; Charles L. Gowen is a member of the committee on laws and regulations; I.M. Aiken was named a member of the “On to Albany” committee, and V.R. Royal was appointed a member of the past district officers’ committee.
            The new officers and all committeemen will hold a meeting at the Dempsey hotel in Macon on January 15 at 10 a.m., and the local committeemen are planning to attend.



Wednesday 29 January 1936

Pg. 8 col. 3

NEGRO IS WOUNDED BY ACCIDENTALLY SHOOTING HIMSELF—Soloman Singleton, colored, is in the City Hospital with a painful and probably serious bullet wound as the result of an accident at his home, 2119 Cochran avenue, today.

            Singleton was accidentally shot by his cousin, Ellis Cash, who was detained by police and released after an investigation.  Singleton, it seems, had an old revolver, which he handed to Cash for examination, when it was accidentally discharged, the bullet entering Singleton’s abdomen.  He was carried to the hospital for treatment, but the full extent of the wound is not yet known.



Saturday 8 February 1936

Pg. 8 col. 1

RALPH RISH ILL—The many friends of Ralph Rish will regret to know that he continues quite ill at his apartment on Union street.



Monday 26 March 1936

Pg. 3 col. 6

SYLVIA IS BETTER—Frank Sylvia, tourist camp operator who has been confined to his home with illness during the past two weeks, today was reported sufficiently recovered to return to his management of his business.



Saturday 5 June 1937

Pg. 8 col. 5


            Herbert Ringel, local attorney, has been appointed by Judge Gordon Knox, of Glynn superior court, as receiver for Sylvia’s Tourist Camp, located eight miles north of the city on the Coastal Highway, as the result of an equitable petition filed by Mrs. Frank Sylvia against her husband.
            The petition also sought an injunction to prevent the defendant from in any way interfering with the business, and it was granted by Judge Knox and a hearing set for this city on June 14.
            The petition filed by the complainant is for alimony, also, it being alleged she and her husband were separated in November last year, and that she operated the business until she was stricken ill some time ago. Ownership of the property also seems to be involved in the case.



Margaret Davis Cate; Record Group 1, Series 1, Folder 126—Negroes
This article clipped from an unnamed newspaper, possibly between 1935-1955.

MOSES DALLAS, NEGRO PILOT, DIED AS CONFEDERATE HERO—Former Slave Guided Raiding Party Under Lieutenant Pelot in Capture of Federal Gunboat “Water Witch” in Ossabaw Sound.

            Capture of the United States gunboat Water Witch by a group of Confederate Navy personnel on the night of June 3, 1864, off the Georgia Coast has been described in the official reports as “the most spirited incident of the last year of the war in Georgia waters.”  The accounts given by the respective commanding officers fully bear out this description.
            The Union gunboat was one of the Unites States Navy’s most popular vessels, a fine side-wheel steamer mounting four guns and having a crew of about eighty.  She had taken upart [sic] in the Paraguay War in 1855 and also in Commodore Hollins’ attack on the Confederate fleet in the Mississippi Passes in October of 1861.  At the time of her capture she was under the command of Lieut. Pendergrast, U.S.N., and was doing blockade duty in Ossabaw Sound between the mouths of the Ogeechee and Vernon rivers.


            A rumor having reached the Confederate command that a federal war vessel was in the lower reaches of the Ogeechee river near the famous Fort McAllister, it was decided to seek her out and to endeavor to take her by surprise.
            To this end seven ship’s boats were manned by fifteen officers and 117 seamen from a Confederate squadron based in the Savannah river who rowed these small crafts to the vicinity of the location of the gunboat.
            The attacking party was under the command of Lieut. Thomas Postell Pelot, of Savannah, who was in boat number one.  With him were the assistant engineer and Moses Dallas, the Negro Pilot, who guided them over the treacherous sandbars successfully and came up with the Union vessel at anchor in Ossabaw Sound.  The night was rainy and very dark, the only illumination coming from the flashes of lightning, but Dallas put the seven small boats alongside the Water Witch without any delay, four on  the starboard side and three on the port.


            The attackers boarded the vessel with difficulty, Dallas being one of those who was shot down before gaining the deck.  Lieut. Pelot and Lieut. Pendergrast were engaged in a duel with sabers when during a very brilliant flash of lightning the paymaster of the gunboat was able to kill Lieut. Pelot with a pistol shot.
            Lieut. Price succeeded to the command when Lieut. Pelot was killed and the commander of the gunboat surrendered the vessel shortly afterwards.  The Confederate lost six killed and twelve wounded.  The Federals lost two killed and twelve wounded.  Only one Federal escaped.  A Negro seaman, named McIntosh, jumped overboard when the fighting began, probably deeming discretion the better part of valor, and swam several miles to Ossabaw Island where he was picked up next day by the U.S.S. Fernandina.


            Lieut. Price’s report of the battle states that since his pilot, Moses Dallas, had been killed he was forced to get one of the ship’s quartermasters to steer the vessel into safer waters of the Vernon river, on account of the danger from recapture by nearby Union war vessels.  This acting pilot ran the ship aground on the Raccoon Key at the height of high tide and Price was forced to jettison many barrels of pork and beef as well as many other supplies which were sorely needed by the Confederates.  The ship was taken up the Vernon river and put under the protecting guns of Beaulieu Battery.  The wounded Union men and the Confederate wounded were sent in to the Savannah hospitals.
            Moses Dallas must have been a resident of the Georgia coastal area since he apparently was so well informed as to the channels of the Vernon and Ogeechee rivers and the sandbars of Ossabaw Sound.  His ability as a pilot was established by his being chosen by Lieut. Pelot to put him aboard the gunboat, and it is likely that had Dallas survived the fighting the ship would not have been grounded on Raccoon Key with the necessary loss of some of the “spoils” of the battle.


            While the Confederates abstained from arming their Negroes there were hundreds of instances where Negroes followed their masters into the armed services and did valiant service as hostlers and cooks.  They were not forced to follow this course but did so on account of the loyalty they felt toward their masters.  Many thousands of the Negroes joined the armed forces of the Federals and were contemptuous of those who sided with the Confederates.  Dallas was a free many by 1864 and was not compelled to act as pilot for the Confederates who captured the Water Witch and must therefore have been urged by some sense of loyalty to the Southern men who had treated him with fairness and consideration.  However, his own people seem never to have sung his praises and but for the reports of the commanding officer of the two naval units involved Dallas would indeed have been an unsung hero.



1938 [Margaret Davis Cate Collection]

        In connection with the bicentennial celebration of the founding of Fort Frederica and the historical pageant to be given on St. Simons Island, July 2, 3 and 4, at 8:30 p.m., special invitations have been mailed to the descendants of Mark Carr, Brunswick's first settler.
        The first white man to settle on the land now occupied by the city of Brunswick was Mark Carr. Carr's settlement was near the river at the corner of Dartmouth street and First avenue, and until a few years ago the ruins of the tabby buildings could be seen.
        In those days the site of Brunswick was known as "Plug Point," due no doubt to the fact that tobacco was one of the staple crops on Carr's plantation. The minutes of the trustees for the founding of the colony of Georgia, at Queen's Square, London, Feb. 11, 1744, records the information that Lt. Col. Heron of Oglethorpe's regiment stated that "he had often seen Capt. Carr's plantation, and never saw so fine a one in all Virginia; that William Ruff who lives at the said plantation produced last year a barrel of tobacco as good as any in Virginia, which was purchased for the regiment.
        Lieut. Cadogan also testified that Capt. Carr's plantation was very thriving and that "he saw twelve hundred bushels of corn which were raised on the said plantation in the Year of the Invasion (1742)."
        Mark Carr
came to Georgia in 1738 on the ship Union and was a captain in Oglethorpe's regiment of British regulars stationed on St. Simons Island.
        After Oglethorpe's return to England in 1743 the regiment was disbanded and Carr received a grant of 1000 acres, covering the present site of Brunswick.
    At a meeting of the Colonial Council held in 1764 the petition of Mark Carr was read in which he stated that he had cleared 300 acres of land on this site at great expense and since these fields were thought to be of public utility he was willing to relinquish them for a similar grant on Cowpen creek. He was granted 500 acres on Cowpen creek, 500 acres on Blythe Island, and 500 acres at the Hermitage.
        Later, Carr moved to St. John's parish (now Liberty county), where he became prominent. In 1755 he was the representative for the Midway district and tax collector and assessor for Midway and Newport; he was justice of the peace from 1759 to 1762. In 1758 he gave the land for the town of Sunbury and a part of this land is now occupied by one of his descendants, Robert A. Calder.
died Dec. 7, 1767, and news of his death was carried in the current issue of the Georgia Gazette.
wife was Jane Perkins of Doncaster, York, England, daughter of an apothecary, Roger Perkins and his wife, Judith. Carr's wife did not accompany him to Georgia but he did bring with him their three children--William, Thomas, and Judith.
        William Carr
was married in 1758 to Grace Hastings. There were two daughters of this marriage: Mary, who married Henry Myers, and Jane, who married John Lines.
        Mark Carr's
second son, Thomas, was married in 1765 to Rebecca Ann Dickey, while his daughter, Judith, married John Polson, an officer in the Revolutionary War.
        Many of the descendants of this pioneer citizen and early settler live in Georgia today. Those descended from Mary Carr who married Henry Myers include Mrs. Florence Calder Lachlison and Raymond Clancy of Darien; Sidney Clancy of Eulonia; Robert A. Calder of Sunbury, Liberty county; Julius B. Calder, of Sanford, Fa. [sic]; H. Vernon Calder, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., and Dowse B. Calder, of Savannah.
        The descendants of Jane Carr, who married John Lines, include Mrs. F.S. Harrell and G.N. Goldwire of Valdosta; Mrs. J.G. Scrutchin and Mrs. Chas. M. Powell of Macon.
        All of these have been given special invitation to attend the bicentennial celebration and several have signified their intention to do so.



Monday 4 April 1938

pg. 8, cols. 1

WILL OF COL. HUSTON IS FILED HERE TODAY--Net Income From Estate to be Divided Among his Widow and Children

        The will of the late Col. Tillinghast L. Huston, who died suddenly at his Butler Island office last Tuesday, was filed for probate in the office of Ordinary Edwin W. Dart today.
        The will names as executors the National Bank of Brunswick and Frank M. Scarlett, local attorney, who for years had represented Col. Huston in most of his legal matters.  The executors have posted bond of $50,000 each.
        The will makes one or two bequests and then divides the estate among the widow of Col. Huston and his children.  The sum of $5,000 is left Mrs. Huston and $20,000 to a daughter, Mrs. Bernice Gladys Leonard.  It is explained in the will this bequest is made to Mrs. Leonard for the reason that a lesser sum was expended on her than on other children and that is is "but just and equitable" that the sum be left her.
        The balance of the estate of the prominent coastal Georgian is divided into four parts, according to the terms of the will.  Forty per cent of the net income of the estate is left the widow and 20 per cent each to the three children, Mrs. Leonard, Mrs. Frances McKim and Arthur T. Huston.  It is provided, however, that the net income from the estate be divided as stated, but the estate is to remain in tact.  It is provided also that upon the death of Mrs. Huston her 40 per cent of the net income shall go into the part of the three children in equal parts, but the estate will continue to remain intact and the share of any of the children, in case of death, shall go to the children of the deceased members.
        It is not indicated in the will the amount of the estate, nor is provision made for a distribution, except as provided that the net income be divided and distributed in four parts on the basis stated.
        It was announced by the executors today that the business of Col. Huston at Butler Island will continue as previously indefinitely.  Those who have been in charge of the various departments for years will continue in their present capacities, it was stated.  H.H. Bryan has been manager of the farming activities for ten years, and will continue, as will W.C. Fleming, who has been superintendent of the dairy for five years.  Miss Alice Johnston, who served for ten years as Col. Huston's secretary, will continue in an official capacity, and Miss Isabel Woodward, who has been superintendent of the ice cream department for many years, will also remain at the head of that department, it was announced.
        The executors said there was every reason why the business should be continued, as it is reported to be in excellent condition at present.  This will be of interest throughout this section, as many were of the opinion that the death of Col. Huston might interfere with the operation of the business, which has been carried on for many years on a large scale and which gives employment to a large number of persons.

Pg. 8 col. 2


        Jessie Holland, 19, clerk at the Royal Hotel and well known young man, is in the City Hospital suffering serious injuries sustained in an automobile accident early Sunday morning about one mile north of Turtle river bridge, and four others in an automobile which collided with a truck, escaped with minor injuries.
        Those in the automobile were Blanton Miller, who was driving; Holland, Henry Tyler, Jimmie Fox and a soldier attached to Fort Screven whose name was not known and who was picked up a few minutes before the accident.
        Holland sustained a bad gash on the head, a badly injured knee and other injuries, and it is feared the knee injury may prove serious.  Mr. Miller sustained a minor head injury, young Fox also sustained a blow on the head, causing a minor injury, and one of the soldier's ears was cut, while Tyler escaped with minor cuts and bruises.
        Johnnie Jewnhall was the driver of the truck, owned by the Florida Glass Manufacturing Company, Jacksonville.  He was not injured.  The truck was bound south while the automobile was headed to Brunswick.  County police who investigated the accident stated it was impossible to determine who was to blame.  It appeared the two cars went together almost in the center of the highway.  They did not meet exactly head-on, the automobile striking the truck almost in the center.  The accident occurred on a wide curve, it was stated.  After the two vehicles collided the automobile skidded along the highway, turning over two or three times, but it never left the highway.  Holland, the only occupant to be seriously injured, occupied the back seat with two of the others, and he was on the side of the car which struck the truck.
        The automobile was completely wrecked, but the truck was only slightly damaged.



Monday 18 April 1938

pg. 8, col. 4


        Risley High school, colored, has been placed on the list of accredited negro high schools by the Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, it was announced in a letter received today by Supt. Geo. W. Wannamaker from the chairman of the association's committee on approval of negro schools.
        The letter announced that the local negro high school was placed on the list at the recent meeting of the association held in Dallas, Texas.
        This is the first time the negro high school here has attained this high rating and it is a distinct compliment to the principal and teachers at the school, as it is stated requirements for being placed on the list are very strict.  There are not more than a dozen negro high schools in the state that have been given such a high rating.  Improvements of the school building and additions to the curriculum are partly responsible for the placing of the school on the accredited list.
        C.V. Troup, one of the best known negro educators in the state, is the principal of Risley school.



Wednesday 20 April 1938

pg. 8, col. 2


          A burglar entered the home of Dr. M.E. Winchester, Glynn county health commissioner, in Windsor Park last night, quietly went to his bedroom and removed his trousers, taking them to the first floor, where he rifled the pockets, securing $50.  While in the bedroom the thief also stole one or two other articles.
          Entrance was made through a window in the rear of the residence.  The thief used matches to find his way about the home, striking them promiscuously on newly painted walls in one or two of the rooms of the residence.
          The robbery was discovered early this morning and police were called.  An investigation revealed that the thief had also endeavored to enter the home of T.H. Missildine, located directly in the rear of the Winchester home, but apparently he was frightened away by a barking dog.  Footprints of a barefooted man were found at windows of the Missildine home.  Back of his garage were found the shoes of the burglar, who evidently removed them before he entered the home of Dr. Winchester and was frightened away by the barking dog before he could secure them after he entered the home.

pg. 8 cols. 3 & 4


        The unique Christian record of serviced by Deaconess Anna Alexander, only negro deaconess in the Episcopal church in America, is one which is attracting attention in southeast Georgia, the story being told by the Rev. Howard Harper, rector of Grace Episcopal Church, Waycross, and editor of "The Church in Georgia," published by the Episcopal diocese of Georgia.
        The deaconess is located at Pennick, ten miles north of Brunswick, and has established an unique record during the many years she has been there.
        The Rev. Mr. Harper, having visited the unusual Pennick community, gives the story as follows:
        "Back in the early 1890's a young colored girl, living in the rural district of Pennick, ten miles from Brunswick, felt keenly the need for the Episcopal church among her people.  That girl was Anna Alexander, a school teacher from Darien, who had been baptized and brought up in St. Cyprian's church at Darien.
        "As a result of her work and influence, and Episcopal service was held by a lay reader[?] from St. Athanasius, Brunswick, on September 9, 1894[?], in the Baptist church building.  Early in 1900 Anna opened a school in the same Baptist building, but it was definitely an Episcopal school, in which colored children learned their catechism, church history and the other things which a Christian ought to know and believe to his soul's health.  The soul's health has always been the first concern of Anna Alexander as she has gone about giving her life to the colored people of her section.
        "In September, 1902, the school moved into its present building, built by Anna's own hands.
        "The Church of Good Shepherd building came in 1928[?], and the house in which Anna lived in 19??.  By this time Anna had long (since 1901) been Deaconess Alexander, the only negro deaconess in the American church.
        "The peculiarity of the Pennick community is that it is made up entirely of negro farmers who are not tenants, but who own their own land.  Among these people Deaconess Alexander ministers to forty-five communicants and daily instructs thirty-two children.
        "The contributions of the people in 19?7[?] totaled $??, of which $4? was sent to the general church fund.
        "Sunday services at Good Shepherd are conducted by the Rev. J.G. Perry of St. Athanasius, Brunswick."



Thursday 21 April 1938

pg. 8, col. 2

TWO NEGRO BURGLARS QUICKLY CAPTURED; Police Round Up Pair, One an Escaped Convict, Who Robbed Winchester Home

          Speedy and clever work on the part of the Brunswick police department yesterday afternoon landed in jail two negroes, one of them according to his statement, an escaped convict, who are charged with burglarizing the home of Dr. M.E. Winchester, Glynn county health commissioner, in Windsor Park Tuesday night.
          Police Chief J.E. Register said the negroes were listed as E.J. Hamilton, who said he faced a long chaingang sentence, and Joe Carswell. Both negroes, the chief said, formerly resided in Macon.  Carswell has been in and out of Brunswick for about a year and Hamilton, he told police chief, came here about 10 days ago following his escape from a chaingang at Soperton.
          A valuable wrist watch stolen in the Winchester home was recovered, but the two negroes had only about $2.00 of the money stolen left when they were arrested, Chief Register said.  Dr. Winchester reported that about $35.00 was stolen from his trousers pockets.  The negro, one of the two, who entered the home secured the trousers in the bedroom and carried them to the first floor, leaving them on the kitchen floor after stealing the money and removing the belt.
          An effort to sell the watch to a downtown merchant about 6 o'clock yesterday afternoon resulted in the capture of the two negroes.  The police department had advised all dealers in the city where it was believed an effort would be made to dispose of the watch to be on the lookout for it, and late yesterday Carswell attempted to sell it.  Officers were advised and the negro was captured, and he informed officers where they could locate Hamilton.  He was found in a room occupied by Carswell, and when the officers arrived he was hidden behind a trunk.
          Both negroes deny the robbery of the Winchester home, and each declares the other secured the watch.  Carswell said he knew nothing about it, except that Hamilton gave him the watch to sell, and Hamilton declares the watch was stolen by Carswell.  Chief Register believes both negroes were connected with the burglary, on watching outside while the other entered the residence.
          Hamilton told the police chief he escaped from Soperton about ten days ago.  He was serving a 40 year sentence, having been convicted on two hold-up and one burglary charge, he said.  When arrested Hamilton had on the belt removed from Dr. Winchester's trousers.  Being too large for him, the escaped convict trimmed it down to his size.
          Chief Register is of the opinion that the two negroes are connected with one or two other robberies committed in the city recently, and a further investigation is now in progress.



Tuesday 26 April 1938

pg. 8, col. 3


Dr. M.E. Winchester, Glynn county health commissioner, left today for Augusta to attend the annual meeting of the Georgia Medical Society, which convened today in a three-day session.
          Dr. Winchester is on the program at tomorrow's session.  He will read a joint paper with Dr. C.F. Holton, of Savannah, on the subject, "Use of Atabrine in the Treatment and Control of Malaria Among a Group of Industrial and Agricultural Employees in Georgia."
          Both Dr. Winchester and Dr. Holton have made a study of the use of atabrine and it is expected their joint paper will prove unusually interesting to the Georgia physicians.



Friday 21 October 1938

pg. 6 col. 5 & pg. 2 cols. 1-4

[MDC wrote on this article that she now knew more history and should consider revising the information herein]


        Capt. Mark Carr, Brunswick's first settler, was honored by the Brunswick Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, yesterday afternoon, when a bronze tablet, erected in Queen's Square was unveiled to his memory.
        Mrs. C.H. Leavy
, regent of the Brunswick Chapter, presided at the exercises, which took place at 2:30 p.m. Boy Scouts Harold Cook and R.B. McGoogan formed a color guard.
        The exercises were opened with the bugle call by Boy Scout Bugler Edwin Hardison, Jr., after which the invocation was given by Rev. Royal K. Tucker. The salute to the flag was led by Mrs. Leavy.
        The feature of the exercises was the address on Capt. Carr by Mrs. G.V. Cate, historian of the Brunswick Chapter, who has made a study of the life of this patriot.
        In her talk Mrs. Cate told of Capt. Carr's children and introduced the descendants who were present at this time. These included Mrs. Florence Lachlison, of Darien; Robert A. Calder, of Sunbury; Elwood C. Harrell and Alonzo Grooms, of Jacksonville; Miss Elizabeth Goldwire, Ashley Goldwire and his two children, James and Elton Goldwire, of Waycross.
        The sampler which was worked in 1773 by Mary Carr, granddaughter of Mark Carr, and which is now owned by her grandson, Robert A. Calder, was displayed and created much interest.
        Mrs. James A. Wood
, of Macon, a descendant of Major William Horton, the officer who commanded a military outpost located on Jekyll Island at the same time that Capt. Carr was stationed at Carr's Fields, was also present and was presented. [MDC states that Mrs. Woods is not a descendant of Horton, but the D.A.R. accepted her lineage.]
        Mrs. James S. Dunwody
, a descendant of William McIntosh, who with Capt. Carr fought at Blood Marsh, was present and was also presented. Another ancestor of Mrs. Dunwody, Col. John McIntosh, commanded Fort Morris during the Revolutionary War when Col. Fuser, the British officer, demanded its surrender. The reply of Col. McIntosh, "Come and take it," has become famous in Georgia history. Fort Morris is now owned by Robert A. Calder, one of the Carr descendants who was present.
        Mrs. Nina Clubb Welch
, a descendant of James Clubb, another of Oglethorpe's soldiers, was also present and was presented.
        Mrs. Cate's
talk was most interesting and held the closest attention of the audience.
        This marker is a bronze tablet set in a base built of bricks from the ruins of Capt. Carr's home on Blythe Island, and bears the following inscription:

Brunswick's First Settler
Came to Georgia in 1738 as an officer in the English forces located on St. Simons Island; established a plantation known as “Carr’s Fields” and maintained a military outpost on the site of the city of Brunswick, assisted in repelling the Spanish invasion of 1742; and held many positions of honor and trust in which he gave loyal service to the colony of Georgia.

        Elwood C. Harrell, of Jacksonville, great-great-great-great-grandson of Capt. Carr, unveiled the marker, which was then dedicated by Mrs. C.H. Leavy, regent of the Brunswick Chapter.
        Mrs. William Harrison Hightower
, state regent of the Georgia Society Daughters of the American Revolution, in a graceful speech accepted the marker on behalf of the society.
        In a gracious response Robert A. Calder, of Sunbury, expressed the appreciation of the Carr descendants for the honor paid their ancestor.
        Miss Jane Macon
, representing the local members of the Georgia Society Colonial Dames of America, placed a laurel wreath on the marker and in a few well-chosen words expressed appreciation for the services of Capt. Carr.
        Nathaniel D. Russell
, representing the Sons of the American Revolution, placed a wreath for that organization.
        Miss Sadie Dart
, for the Clement A. Evans Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, and Miss Mary Sapp, for the Brunswick Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, also placed wreaths.
        The exercises were concluded with Taps sounded by Boy Scout Buglers Edwin Hardison, Jr., and Clare Daniel, Jr.
        A motorcade was then formed and visits were paid to the sites of Carr’s home in Brunswick and on Blythe Island.
        Among the out-of-town guests were Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo W. Grooms, Mrs. J.A. Brinson, Mrs. G.R. Krauss, Mr. and Mrs. Elwood C. Harrell, and Mr. and Mrs. C.E. Ingle, of Jacksonville; Mrs. Ashley C. Goldwire, Miss Elizabeth Goldwire, Ashley Goldwire and his two sons, James and Elton Goldwire, of Waycross; Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Calder, of Sunbury; Mrs. Florence Lachlison, of Darien; Mrs. William Harrison Hightower, of Thomaston, Ga.; Mrs. John D. Fever, of LaGrange, Ga.; Mrs. James A. Wood, of Macon, and Mrs. Henry B. Heller, of Savannah.
        The address of Mrs. Cate was as follows:
        Captain Mark Carr
, Brunswick’s first settler, came to Georgia on the good ship Union in 1738 as an officer in the regiment of British soldiers brought over by Oglethorpe at that time.
        Mark Carr
was the fifth son of Sir William Carr and his wife Elizabeth. He was married at Brampton, England, to Jane Perkins, of Doncaster, York, England, daughter of Roger Perkins, an apothecary, and his wife, Edith Warton Perkins.
        When Carr came to Georgia he brought with him to this frontier settlement his three little children, William, who was seven years of age at the time; Thomas and Judith.
        The soldiers which Oglethorpe brought to Georgia were used to garrison the military fortifications erected along this coast. On St. Simons Island, Fort Frederica was located on the western shore and Fort St. Simons at the south end near the light house. Outposts were established on the mainland at Carteret Point and at the present site of the city of Brunswick, on Jekyll and Cumberland Islands, and at other points.
        The outpost, established on lands now occupied by the city of Brunswick, was under command of Captain Carr, who was granted 1,000 acres of land at this place. We do not know the exact date that Carr moved to this place, but we do have the record that in 1740 he had a house here. His settlement was located in the vicinity of First avenue and Reynolds street and until recently a portion of the wall of one of his “tabby” houses was still standing. The only part of this house which now remains is the “tabby” foundation buried in the ground.
cleared 300 acres of land here and planted crops of corn, tobacco, and other staples. It was from this plantation that Brunswick took its first name--”Carr’s Fields.”
        At a meeting held in London Feb. 11, 1744, Lieut. George Cadogan reported to the trustees of the colony of Georgia that he had seen “Captain Carr’s plantation which is very thriving” and that he “saw 1,200 bushels of corn which were raised on the said plantation in the year of the invasion” (1742).
        Attending the same meeting, Lieut. Col. Alexander Heron said that he “has often seen Captain Carr’s plantation, and never saw so fine a one in all Virginia; that William Ruff, who lives at the said plantation, produced last year a barrel of tobacco as good as any in Virginia which was purchased for the regiment.”
        The production of tobacco here was no doubt responsible for another name which was attached to this peninsula--”Plug Point.”
had another 1,000 acres of land granted him “in the beginning of the year 1739” at the Hermitage, where he had a sawmill.
        In October, 1740, Oglethorpe sent Captain Carr to Virginia to secure recruits for the regiment at Frederica. Leaving aboard a sloop commanded by Captain Davis, he had the misfortune to run into a storm off the coast of North Carolina. The vessel was lost and the report reached Georgia that none on board was saved. However, the following spring Captain Carr arrived in Georgia “on board Captain Davis with two marine companies complete in two vessels from Maryland.” Not until his safe return with two ships loaded with men was it known that not a man was lost in the storm which had destroyed their vessel on the voyage up the coast.
        The manner in which Mark Carr performed this difficult task assigned him by Oglethorpe is typical of the service he rendered the infant colony of Georgia. When his ship was lost he did not return to Georgia and ask for another vessel in which to make the journey. In some way he overcame all obstacles and, instead of returning with one vessel, he brought two and these loaded with soldiers. Truly, this was a great accomplishment!
        While Carr was away on this important mission his settlement here at Carr’s Fields was attacked and his three little children were in danger of their lives.
        On March 18, 1741, despite the “corporal’s guard of soldiers” stationed there some Spaniards and Indians made an attack very early in the morning, killed four of the soldiers, carried away four others, and left two badly wounded. The women and children escaped harm because they were locked in the cellar. The party did much damage by pillaging the house and carrying away the booty in a large boat belonging to the plantation. Carr wrote that “by a moderate computation my loss was seven hundred and fifty pounds.”
        Captain Carr
also served with the English forces in repelling the Spanish invasion of 1742. At this time Oglethorpe’s forces numbering about 600 men were besieged by the Spanish fleet of 50 vessels with 5,000 men. When Oglethorpe saw that the Spaniards would land on St. Simons Island, he abandoned Fort St. Simons Island and withdrew to Fort Frederica.
        The diary of a Ranger who served with Oglethorpe in Georgia (his manuscript is now in the British Museum) gaves [sic] an interesting picture of Captain Carr during these trying days. This Ranger was stationed on the western shore of St. Simons Island and was ordered to report on the movements of the Spanish, who were preparing to land on Gascoigne Bluff. He wrote: “I continued going to and fro along the beach observing their movements until 11 o’clock that night, when I was ordered to follow the general up to the Battery (Fort St. Simons) where His Excellency and Captain Carr stood until the great guns and mortars were nailed or burst.”
        When we think of Captain Carr let us remember him as the man who stood with Oglethorpe at a time when the odds were so strong against them that they must have felt the end was surely near.
        After Oglethorpe’s victory over the Spaniards at the Battle of Bloody Marsh and Spain’s subsequent abandonment of her efforts to regain control over this territory, Oglethorpe returned to England and never saw Georgia again. The regiment at Frederica was withdrawn and Carr decided to abandon “his favorite residence” here at Carr’s Fields and remove with his family to Midway, where he received a grant of 500 acres of land and where we find he had started planting as early as 1748.
gave 300 acres of this land for the town of Sunbury, reserving lot No. 1 for his own residence. The house which he built here “was a very good two-story house with two stacks of chimneys.” This plot of land is now owned and occupied by Captain Carr’s great-great-great-grandson, Robert Ayers Calder.
        When Governor Wright decided to lay off the town of Brunswick on the site of Carr’s Fields, Carr relinquished his claim to these lands and in lieu thereof was given lands on an island in St. Patrick’s parish which he called Blythe. His settlement was on the southern end of Blythe. Here he expended a large sum in improvements. In 1752, he wrote that he had “built two brick houses, with several outhouses, as well as made very large improvements in cultivation.
        This Blythe Island residence was Carr’s home at the time of his death. In his will, which was dated June 8, 1767, and probated Dec. 4 of the same year, he calls himself “Mark Carr of St. Patrick’s Parish.” Doubtless he was buried on Blythe Island near his residence and it is a matter of deep regret that the body of this loyal patriot lies in an unmarked grave.
        The bricks which are used in building the base of the marker erected to his memory by the Brunswick Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, came from the ruins of his house on Blythe Island.
        Mark Carr
was a man of ability. One of his contemporaries described him as a “great improver.” He was also a man of means. In 1758 he had 25 slaves and in 1761 the number had increased to 52 slaves.
        He held many positions of honor and trust, having served in 1755 as representative for the Midway district and tax collector and assessor for Midway and Newport; in 1757 he was named Justice of the peace for Midway, Darien and Frederica; and in 1768 he was appointed collector for the port of Sunbury. In addition to these offices named above, in 1757 he was named on a committee from St. John’s parish to build forts for the defense of the province; in 1760 he was reelected to this position and allotted 25 pounds for building forts; and in 1761 he was commissioned to erect a lookout battery on Midway river.
        The colonial records of Georgia contain many references to Mark Carr, but the one which describes him best is the following in which his request for more land is granted: “The board is very sensible that Captain Carr has met with many very great losses, and that his industry in improvements both in buildings and cultivation of lands has not been outdone by any.”
has many descendants scattered all over the United States from Chicago and Dalls to Miami, but none of them lives in Brunswick. All of these came through his elder son, William. William Carr had two daughters, Mary, who married Henry Meyers, and Jane, who married John Lines.
        Mary Carr
, the granddaughter of Mark Carr, worked a sampler which her grandson, Robert Ayers Calder, now owns and which he has brought here today for us to see.
        The other representatives of this branch of the family who are here with us today are Mrs. Florence Lachlison, of Darien, and Alonzo W. Grooms, of Jacksonville.
        We know almost nothing of Mark Carr’s second son, Thomas. His only daughter, Judith, was married about 1768 to John Polson. She died in 1771 and it is believed that she left no children.
        We have assembled today to commemorate the industry and aggressiveness, the valor and heroism of Brunswick’s first settler. He was a man we should remember as one who stood with Oglethorpe in the crisis which decided the fate of the English settlements in North America; one whose “industry in improvements,” the authorities acknowledged, “had not been outdone by any."



Saturday 10 February 1940

pg. 8 col. 4


            The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county, Georgia, during the month of January, 1940, who have been properly registered according to law.  If your baby’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:
            Lillian Carmel Stewart, Robert Edward Lee, Manuel Rocha, Jr., Sallie Almanda Leybourne, James Willis Williamson, Cecil Brockington Miller, Jr., James Richards Lyons, Gertrude Lucille Berrie, Georgia Elinor Rowe, Lamar Anthony Mitchell, Kenneth Warren Guest, Ethel Collene Summerville, Margie Ann Bell, Mary Nell Bell, Jacqueline Fannie Smith, Marion Loretta Krauss, Michael Dahyl Boggan, Sue Ann Edwards, Johnny Monrow Kirkland.
Colored:  Essie Mae Riley, James Ellis Walker, Gwendolyn Loretta Murphy, Bobbie Sykes, Barbara Marie Miller, Queen Esther Mack, Johnnie Will Crooks, Jr., Elliott McGowen, Jr., Shirley Ann Jackson, James Edward Jaudon, Franklyn David Russell, Carolyn Evangeline Rooks.



Tuesday 13 February 1940 

Pg. 8 col. 4 

WILLETTA HOTEL IS NEARLY COMPLETED—First floor of handsome new structure is open for business. 

            The first floor of the handsome new Willetta Hotel on Gloucester street, erected by W.G. Norteman, has been competed and opened, and the second floor will be ready within the next two weeks.
            This small but modern hotel, to be operated in connection with Willetta Oaks, beautiful local tourist home, is one of two structures of the kind in the country, built of marble chips, marble dust and cement, which make it absolutely fireproof, and its construction attracted so much attention that the Atlas Cement Company sent special representatives here to make photographs of the structure in its various stages of construction.  Only one other building in the country, it is stated, is of the same material.
            Marble was secured from the quarry at Tate, Ga., by Mr. Norteman, and was then reduced to chips and dust.  Mixed with cement the marble formed the principal material of construction.  Walls of the building are of 10-inch hollow tile, with cement and crushed stone added, making a wall of 18 inches.  The entire front of the structure is of pre-cast marble.
            The building is of marble construction throughout, the only wood being in the window sills and doors.  The floor is of marble, with carpet glued to them, the columns are all of cement and are concealed and the furniture throughout the building is steel, the very latest in hotel equipment.  The hotel is heated by steam.
            Setting back some 80 feet in a large lot at the corner of Gloucester and Lee streets, slightly northwest of Willetta Oaks, the hotel is situated in the center of a group of large oak trees, and in order not to disturb any of the beautiful trees, Mr. Norteman drew his plans so that branching limbs swing over the corners of the structure.  Ordinarily they would have been trimmed or the entire tree removed.
            On the first floor there are ten rooms, single and double, each with a private bath, while there are eleven on the second floor.  Every department of the structure and all of the equipment throughout is modern.
            Later an attractive Neon sign will be installed on the top of the structure, and there will also be Neon strips running around the front, which will add to the attractiveness of the pretty new structure.



Friday 29 March 1940

Pg. 6 col. 1


            A hearing on a motion for new trial for George Clayborn, negro, convicted of murder in connection with the slaying of Dr. Charles H. Lee, of Christ church, Frederica, will be resumed before Judge Gordon Knox of Glynn superior court, at Hazlehurst tomorrow, and it is expected a decision will be rendered.
            The hearing was taken up before Judge Knox on Saturday, March 16, and after attorneys for the negro, Farr & Mitchell, of this city, introduced a decision by the United States supreme court, covering what is alleged to be a similar case in Florida in which the lower court was reversed, attorneys asked for a continuance of two weeks in order to secure and study the decision of the high court, and the hearing was recessed until tomorrow.
            The decision, on which now seems to depend the granting of a new trial, granted a new trial to a Florida man on the grounds that he was convicted on statements attributed to him, which, it was alleged, were not freely made and which were secured under duress.
            Attorneys for Clayborn claim the entire verdict in his trial was based upon a series of confessions made by him, and they allege they were secured by cross-examination and under duress. They argued at the previous hearing that the case of the local negro and the case from Florida decided by the high court were similar, and on these grounds they urged that a new trial be granted.
            Attorneys for the state at the time claimed they had not reviewed the decision of the U.S. court in the Florida case. They also contended that confessions and statements of Clayborn were freely made; that he was not cross-examined by officers or others, and that no efforts were made to force him to confess to the murder of the aged island rector.
            Attorneys in the case expressed the opinion today that Judge Knox will render his decision following the hearing tomorrow. It is understood the judge has also reviewed the decision of the U.S. court and is therefore familiar with it. He will probably write his decision at the close of the hearing, it was intimated today.
            If Clayborn is granted a new trial, it is probably it will occur at the regular May session of the local superior court.



Saturday 6 April 1940

Pg. 8 col. 3


            Judge Gordon Knox, of Glynn superior court, said over long distance telephone from his home at Hazlehurst today that he would render his decision on Monday or Tuesday on the motion for new trial of George Clayborn, negro, convicted of the murder of Dr. Charles H. Lee, rector of Christ church, Frederica.
            The motion was heard before Judge Knox last Saturday, and he announced at the time his decision would be rendered within ten days. He has been presiding over Camden superior court this week, he said, and had not had time to complete studying the record in the case and writing his decision. He indicated, however, that he was ready to submit his decision and said he would write it within the next couple of days.



Saturday 10 August 1940

BIRTH STATISTICS--The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county, Georgia during the month of July, 1940, who have been properly registered according to law.  If you baby's name does not appears you should communicate with your physician or the health department.

Betty Lou Roebuck Robert Kiser Harrell Charles Ray Acosta Alfred Reginald Spell Elver Dolores Bell
Delores Joan Chancy Elizabeth Maudina Godley William Lee Rowe Clyde Teston Jacqueline Ray Saunders
Terry Watson Lane Shirley Mae White Mary Alice McGill Fay Elizabeth Bunkley William Harrell Box, Jr.
Betty Jo Hayes Connie Austin Turner Doris Evelynn Green Lois Florine Miller Robert Albert Wilson
Curly Lynn McCalister Robert Wade Howe Mickey Ann Harris    
Claudine Mae Cash William Lee Crittendon Mary Nell Hardy Herbert Lee Jackson Oliva Baker
Leona Luetta Bloodworth Evelyn Olivia Green William Theopholus Brown James Noble, Jr. Bettie Jean Hardee
Emma Mygenia Collins Billie DeWitt Martin Marilyn Louise Young    



Friday 4 October 1940


        A church founded in Glynn county in 1800 and which has continued without interruption since that time, will observe and unusual occasion at the 7:30 even service on Sunday.
        The church, it was announced today will officially turn on its electric lights, and the occasion will be marked with special services.  Probably the church would have been lighted electrically years ago had service been available, but up to a few weeks ago it was far removed from an electric line.  As soon as one came within reach the little church which has stood in the Brookman section for so many years, was wired and for the first time it will be lighted Sunday night by electricity.
        It is Emanuel Methodist church, which, with one exception, is the county's most historic and oldest Methodist church.  Taylor's Chapel, it is understood, was founded a few years before Emanuel church.
        At the service Sunday night the Rev. F.A. Ratcliffe, who was a member of the church for years and who is now a prominent Methodist minister of the South Georgia Conference, will give the devotional address.  Historical sketches will be given and there will be other features.
        The church is unique, in that no living minister remembers when the church failed to meet its obligations to the conference and to its pastors.  This is a record of which the congregation is justly proud.
        Many of Glynn county's best known residents have worshiped in this church, and the present membership is made up of the Ratcliffes, Drurys, Bells, Edgys, Bennetts, Matthews, Harrises and Daniels, all well known family names in Glynn county.
        The present members have invited all former members and friends to join with them on this "lighting-up night" on the 140th anniversary of the church.



Friday 10 January 1941

pg. 8, col. 3

BIRTH STATISTICS--The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county, Georgia, during the month of December, 1940, who have been properly registered according to law.  If your baby's name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:

Dorothy Mae Bullard Dexter Charlie Harris Patricia Ann Fox Julia Arrela Strickland Lambert Meldrum Strickland, Jr.
Helen Marie Guest Thomas Victor Woods, Jr. Mildred Malvern Gaskins Horace Jackson McCullough William LeRoy Pollard
Roy Eugene Spaulding Mae Gertrude Hendricks Susan Louise Lott Jo Ann Miller George Herbert Cook, 3rd
Edward Jerome Robinson Julius Carol Peeples infant of Mr. & Mrs. Dewy M. Drury Gerald Tolbort Buchan Molly Velinda Foxworth
Anna Marie Clark Willie Vernon Turner James Henley Highsmith Mary Wiletta Ward Viola Christine Edenfield
Annie Belle McCaskill Walter Henry Blanks, Jr. Mary Lee Lancaster Barbara Jean Tucker  


John Henry Jones Willie Lee Wright Gernice Lamar Gamble Robert Lee Smith William Jerome Vickers
Janie Lee Massie Edward Owes Annie Louise Philson Zenna Emily Bradley Joseph Henry Jaudon


pg. 8, col. 4

ILL ON ISLAND--Gerald Lewis, son of Capt. and Mrs. W.H. Lewis, of St. Simons, who is a member of the Glynn Academy football team, is reported quite ill at his home on the island.



Tuesday 15 April 1941

Pg. 8 col. 4


            It was announced today that a feature length movie is now in production in Brunswick which will be shown at the Bijou theater next week.  A camera crew of the Reelife Motion Picture started filming yesterday and will be on location here throughout the week.  The picture will be titled “Brunswick in Reelife” and will be filmed mostly in beautiful color, showing all the beauty of springtime in Georgia’s vacationland.
            “Brunswick in Reelife” is to be a picture which will show a complete cross-section of the life and activity of this community and will show such scenes as the leading industries, churches, schools, beauty spots, historic landmarks, social and civil organizations, service clubs, theater crowds, public gatherings, night life activities, charity benefits, city officials, police and fire departments in action, the city’s cutest babies, street scenes, the islands, and all other interesting subject matter which the camera crew is able to find.
            All mothers with children from 1 to 6 years of age are invited to bring them to the square next to the Bijou theater Saturday morning at 10 o’clock if they would like to have their children included in the baby section of this feature length picture.  There is no charge for the filming.



Tuesday 10 August 1943

Pg. 6 col. 3


            Announcement is made of the marriage of Miss Priscilla Ruth Lightsey, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Willis Lightsey, of Bristol, Ga., to James Samuel Shiver, son of Mr. and Mrs. J.G. Shiver, of Brunswick, which was solemnized Saturday afternoon, August 7, at 3:30 o’clock at the pastorium of the Free Will Baptist Church in Glennville, with the Rev. Ralph Lightsey, brother of the bride, performing the impressive ceremony, assisted by the Rev. E.C. Morris.
            The bride is a graduate of the Surrency High School and attended Georgia Teachers’ College at Statesboro. She has been employed at the J.A. Jones Company in Brunswick for some time. Mr. Shiver was educated in the Brunswick schools and is also employed at the Jones company shipyard.
            Mr. Shiver and his bride will reside in Brunswick.



Wednesday 10 November 1943

Pg. 3 cols. 6-7

BIRTH STATISTICS—The following names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county during the month of October, 1943, have been properly registered according to law.  If your child’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:
            Colored—Patricia Ann Hadley, Cary Plummer, Sonya Elaine Haynes, Joe Ann Bethel, Vivian Saunders, Louticia Mae Edwards, Betty Jean Edwards, Doretha Richardson, Lauretia Rovene Bryant, Barbara Jean Gibbs, Charles Edwards Warrens, Charles Otis Kelley, John Lee Singleton, Jr., Robert Burton Cain, Earl Leroy Wilson, Gilbert Davis, Jr., Theodore Roosevelt Kitchen, David Lee Noble, Georgia Elizabeth Golden, Dorothy Louise Baisden, Ozie Lee Evelyn Jones.



Saturday 4 December 1943

Pg. 8 col. 5 & pg. 6 col. 7

OUR MEN IN SERVICE—by Earl W. Grant, Clerk Glynn County Selective Service Board.

            The men in service are mailing their Christmas greetings early. Their collective greeting to the folks back home is a very happy Christmas and a victorious New Year.
            Lieut. Donald Worcester Brown, Coast Artillery and Anti-Aircraft, is now stationed at Camp Stewart near Hinesville.
            Sergeant Randolph Rozier, Army Air Corps, is stationed at Camp Edwards, Mass., and will soon qualify for aviation cadet training.
            Sergeant Jack Paul Adams is home from Indian Town Gap, Pa., for a short furlough.
            Private Ernest A. Drury is now an officer candidate at Ft. Benning in the infantry school, having been transferred from Ft. McPherson last week.  Ernest has been on a reserve status majoring in military science at N.C. State College until called to active duty a few months ago.
            Tommy Spaulding, Army Anti-Aircraft, stationed at Camp Edwards, Mass., was recently promoted to corporal.
            Ensign Wm. E. Croft, Jr., Naval Air Corps, has recently been on leave visiting friends in Brunswick and relatives in Waycross.  Ensign Croft, a former Glynn Academy boy, joined the Navy after completing school in 1941.  He is assigned to Corpus Christi, Texas, as an instructor, having received his commission Nov. 13.  He is a brother of Staff Sgt. Carl M. Croft, who left here with the local Guard Unit in 1940 and is now serving overseas.
            Edward (Buddy) Culver, electrician’s mate 1/c, U.S. Navy, has been serving in the Fiji Islands for the past 14 months.
            Sergeant Wilbur R. Moore, assigned to an anti-tank division at Camp White, Ore., for the past eight months, has been transferred to a parachute battalion and is now stationed at Camp MacCall, N.C.
            Private Edw. W. Latham has been home on furlough the past few days and has been transferred from Camp Gordon, Johnston, Fla., to Ft. Jackson, S.C.
            Lee T. Joyner, U.S. Navy, recently met another Brunswick boy, Wilson Crews, at Great Lakes Training Station in Illinois.  They happened to run into each other in the canteen at Great Lakes, and had a long talk about their home town.
            “Scotty” Carswell is improving from a serious foot injury and was recently transferred to an Air Corps medical unit at Pass Grille, Fla.
            Ensign Jimmy George, U.S. Navy, commissioned last July, is now serving in Honolulu, T.H.
            Vassa Tankersley, who volunteered for the Navy several months ago, has been transferred to the Marine Corps and is now serving in the New Calendonia area.
            Sergeant J.H. Anderson, Army Air Corps, who has seen much combat duty in the China-Burma-India campaign, writes home that he has received that long-looked-for pair of boots he wanted so badly.
            “Pinkey” Strayer, Army Air Corps, recently home on furlough now has this P.O. address:  A.P.O 9100, c o P.M.N.Y.  He is attached to the 449th Bomb Group.
            W. Brian Lynn, Soundman 2/c, U.S. Navy, is now stationed at Little Creek, Va.
            Billy Bell, U.S. Navy, now somewhere in the Northwest Pacific, was recently promoted to the rank of coxswain.
            Since our men in service are mailing their Christmas greetings early it is not too early for this column to wish them a very happy Christmas and a victorious New Year.  Only those men in service can bring us a Victorious New Year.



Friday 10 December 1943

Pg. 8 col. 5

BIRTH STATISTICS—The following list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn County, Georgia, during the month of November, 1943, have been properly registered according to law.  If your child’s name does not appear you should consult your family physician or the health department.
            Earnest Henry Brown, Jr.; William Thomas Harvey, Jr.; Barbara Jeanette Reynolds; Byrunn William Cartwright; Linda Jean Cuglielmo; Catherine Rebecca Ingwersen; Terry Phillip Paulk; Robert Melvin Holt; Virginia Sue Higgins; Patricia Joan Mary Allard; Henry Davis Manning; Thomas Larry Merritt; Everett Donnie Royals; Bonnie Sharon Drury; Billie Elliot McMichael; Martha Jane Wildes; Johnnie Franklin DeLozier; Lillian Carnell Youmans, Margaret Elizabeth Johnson, Evelyn Faye Taylor.
            Joyce Adele Cabe; Jimmie Franklin Sauls; Linda Lee Rudd; Samuel Thomas Hendricks, Jr.; Patricia Anne Pickren; Carol Enora Blount; Eleanor Anne Davis; John Franklin Clark, Jr.; Hunter Watson Forsythe; Sharon Irene White; Sanda Lee Stephens; Cheryl Doris Bradley, Wallace Dean Arnett; Jerry Ronald Green; Julian Harold Elkins, Jr.; Bobby Michael Simpson; Mary Beth Walsh; Fonso Guyton Graham; John Joseph Cruz; Caroline Lue Martin; Barbara Ann Hudgins; Thomas Michael Sasser; James Crawford Rushing, III; John Gary Thomas; Ruby Bernice Williamson; Geraldine Marie Ramos; Bobbie Charles Johns; William Earl Whitley; James Alexander Yates; Iverson Harris Leonard, III; Carylon
[sic] Maudine Cribb; Henry Wilson Pruett; Diane Woods; Ostla Roy Stewart.
            Colored—Robert Edward Lee; Majorie Beatrice Hunter; Louise Cornelia Wynn; Rosa Lee Mangram; LaVerne Tillman Jones; Marian Luvenia Strickland; Henry Tresvant, 3rd; Patricia Ann Stephens; Evelyn Royal; Vivian Lennette Carr; John Gibson Tresvant; Joe Melvin Heath.



Monday 13 December 1943

Pg. 8 col. 6

SON IS HELD FOR KILLING FATHER—William Lane Held in Jail Here As Result of Unfortunate Tragedy on St. Simons Saturday.

            William Lane, 20-year-old Brunswick man, is in the Glynn county jail charged with the murder of his father, Lawrence A. Lane, 42, which occurred on St Simons Island Saturday afternoon, in the presence of the dead man’s wife and the wife of the son.
            The tragedy seems to have been the aftermath of a family quarrel over a sum of money the father is said to have loaned his son when he purchased an automobile, according to an investigation made by State Troopers D.H. Branch and R.T. Taft, but entirely different versions are told by the man held for murder and his step-mother.
            The shooting occurred just north of the Nineteenth Hole Club on St. Simons, where, it is stated, the elder Mr. Lane had stopped his automobile because of engine trouble.
            Trooper Branch said according to a statement made by the son his father and step-mother visited his home in the city Saturday morning and insulted his wife, an argument over the reported indebtedness being the cause.
            His father, a driver of a public school bus who was formerly engaged in the upholstering business, left with his wife Saturday afternoon to deliver some furniture on St. Simons, Mrs. Lane continuing to do upholstering at her home near Dock Junction.  The trooper said young Lane later went in search of his father, and passed him on the road where he was stopped.  He stopped his car, the trooper reported, and went back to talk to his father, when another argument started.  Young Lane told the officer his father was advancing on him “and I told him to stop or I’ll shoot you,” the officer quoted him as saying.  When his father continued to advance he shot him in the leg with one barrel of a double-barreled shot gun.  He continued to advance, the son said, and he fired the second load, which struck the father in the heart, killing him instantly.
            Mrs. Lane, wife of the dead man, told a different story.  She said her step-son got out of his automobile, walked up and asked his father “What do you mean by cursing my wife,” and immediately fired.
            Trooper Branch said the elder Mr. Lane was not armed, further than having a knife which was in his pocket.  The investigation is being continued.
            Both Mr. Lane and his son have resided in Brunswick for many years.
            Besides his wife, Mr. Lane is survived by a number of children and step-children, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.H. Lane of Jesup, and five brothers.
            Services will be conducted at Norwich Street Baptist church Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock by the Rev. C.H. Moss, interment to be in Palmetto cemetery.  Arrangements are in charge of Mortician Edo Miller.  Local school bus drivers will serve as pall bearers.



Tuesday 11 January 1944

Pg. 8 col. 4

BIRTH STATISTICS—The following list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county, Georgia, during the month of December, 1943, have been properly registered according to law.  If your child’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department:
            Larry Tison Symons; Lois Evelyn Stewart; Jerome William Hall; Linda Lenora Hope; Cordelia Stanwood Foote; Ester Lois Chancy; Barbara Elaine Motes; Barbara Ann Beckham; Ouida Willis Hutchinson; Oudita Marie Clay; Edwin Augustus Hind, Jr.; Lucy Viola Milligan; Charles Henry Sapp; Linda Laverne Slaon; Lewis Julian Cornell Fain; James Colin Harris; Robert Lewis Miller; Kyle Cameron; James Riley Carroll, Jr.; Susan Tyson Hayward; Clarence Wilson Banks; Ollie Benson Mann, III; Mary Ann DeLoach; Linda Darline Taylor; Robert Earl Ammons; Cheryl Susanne Giddens; Edward Franklin Lipham; Eva Mae Strickland; Joyce Irene Holton; James Edward Stevens; Paul Frederick Morphis; Margaret Annette Parroll; Martha Gale Franks; Linda Marie Thrower; John Clifton Douglas; Annie Dale Howe; Robert Eugene Whitten; Shirley Ann Segui; Annie Elise Rainey; Lee Canty Wood; Frederick Alexander Clark, Jr.; Silvia Niobe Dixon; George Lewis Cothran; Martha Ann Caldwell; Virginia Wayne Waters; Carmon Patricia Young; Carol Elizabeth Conrad; Joan Elizabeth Adams; Joe Winford Grady; Robert Lawton Fogle; Lonnie Alexander Thompson; Winston Winton Ryals, Jr.; John Wesley Edgy, Jr.; Margaret Gale Greer; Freddie Louise Gibson; William Herrin; Winifred Charline Carlin; Susanna Marshall lePoerTrench.
            Colored—Robert Wesley Thompson; Bettie Gene Oglesby; Robert Corbit Baisden; Fred Morgan, Jr.; John Ivory Merrell; Margaret Elizabeth Jordan; Herbert Williams; John Wesley Johnson; Minnie Lee Alston; Herbert Floyd, Jr.; Viola May Bens; Rose Marie Walker; Tommie Lee Herring; Janie Delores Street; Bobby Jean Cobb; Edna Mae Mathis; Betty Jean Franklyn; Freddie Paul Wesley; Marian Lula Ford; Marvin Lucius Ford.



Tuesday 19 September 1944

pg. 8, col. 4

        A skeleton found by a trapper on a shell reef at Croker Point which divides Jointer and the Little Satilla rivers, has been identified by Coroner J.D. Baldwin as that of Charles Edwards, who lost his life about two years ago when he is believed to have fallen from a prawn boat which was fishing off Jekyll Island.
        Coroner Baldwin said identification was made possible by a belt found near the skeleton, as well as the peculiar shape of the head.  The belt has been identified as one worn by the unfortunate man.
        Edwards was a member of the crew of the prawn boat of Capt. George Culver.  At the time he was drowned it was stated he was asleep on the deck of the boat and it is believed he rolled off and went overboard.  It was some time later before he was missed.  His body was never recovered.



Monday 20 November 1944

Pg. 8 col. 2-4


            Another murder was entered on Glynn county’s criminal record early Sunday morning when one Negro is reported by police to have stabbed another to death.
            LeRoy Pound is the Negro who lost his life, and Joe Robinson is held in jail on a murder charge.  The difficulty occurred on L street shortly after 2:30 o’clock Sunday.
            Police have not completed the investigation, but they have ascertained it seems as if Robinson was standing on L street, when Pound approached him.  The latter was said to have been mumbling, probably talking to himself, when according to the police record, Robinson jumped on him.  He wielded a knife, and inflicted several gashes, one of which was fatal.  Pound lived for only a short time.
            Whether the two Negroes had had a previous altercation is not known.  An investigation of the tragedy is being continued.


            City Police Officer W.T. Smith was painfully but not seriously stabbed Saturday afternoon when he attempted to arrest Julius Green, colored, on Monk, near Oglethorpe street.
            The police officer had been called to the scene to investigate a motor accident, and he was informed that a negro, under the influence of whiskey, was causing a disturbance down the street.  Officer Smith went to investigate, and when he approached Green the negro had a knife in his hand and immediately attacked the officer.  He inflicted wounds about the shoulder, on the arm and in the back.  The negro then attempted to escape.
            Officer Ross Edwards arrived at the scene about that time, and arrested the negro before he could get away.  The officers reported that while he was drinking, the negro was not drunk.


            Lieut. W.D. (Scotty) Carswell, who is stationed at St. Petersburg, Fla., is at home on a short leave to spend Thanksgiving in the city.



Thursday 14 December 1944

Pg. 8 col. 1


        Another Liberty ship to be the second launched this week at the J.A. Jones shipyard, will got down the ways at 8:45 o'clock tonight preceded by a short address to employees by E.J. Kratt, general manger of the plant.  The vessel is the S.S. Felix Riesenberg.
        The sponsor will be Mrs. N.M. Campbell, wife of the plant's payroll superintendent.  She is from Greenville, Miss., and is also employed at the shipyard, having been with the company four years and three months.  The co-sponsor will be Miss Addie Ruth Brown, secretary to John D. Pellett, assistant general manager, who has been with the company for three years.  She is from Dothan, Ala.  The sponsor's bouquet will be presented by Mrs. A.C. Baker, employee of the bond department.  She is from Jackson, Miss.  The invocation will be by the Rev. L.D. Jordan, Methodist defense area minister.
        Governor Olin D. Johnston of South Carolina, who will soon be a U.S. senator, was to have made an address at the launching of this vessel, and Mrs. Johnston was to have served as sponsor.  Originally the launching was arranged for Saturday night, but an accelerated pace of production made the ship ready two days ahead of schedule and Governor Johnston could not re-arranged his plans to be here tonight.
        The Riesenberg, 72nd Liberty and fourth of the month to be launched from the Brunswick plant of J.A. Jones Construction Co., bears the name of the navigator of the airship America in its first attempt to reach the north pole by dirigible balloon in September, 1907.
        A native of Milwaukee, Wis., Riesenberg was born in 1879 and died in 1939.  From 1896 to 1907 he made voyages to many parts of the world, was an officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, served with the Wellman Polar Expedition.
        In 1917 and for two years following, he commanded the U.S.S. Newport, with a second tour of duty in 1923-24, during which he made a record passage, sailing from Santa Cruse de Tenerife to New London in 26 days.  Earlier, from 1912-13, he served as assistant engineer of the Bureau of Buildings in New York City, 1916-17.  He was the author of "Under Sail," 'The Men On Deck," "Standard Seamanship," and "Vignettes of the Sea."



Monday 2 July 1945

Pg. 8 col. 4

NEGRO USED BIG PIECE OF LUMBER TO KILL ANOTHER—Eddie Baker, local negro, is dead, and police are searching for Daris Cooper, also colored, who is wanted on a murder charge in connection with the slaying of the former Saturday night.
            Cooper is said to have used a piece of two by five lumber, five feet long, to deliver a death blow to Baker.
            According to a police report of the tragedy, the two negroes started a fight about 10 o’clock Saturday night at Monk and Wolf streets.  Discontinuing the battle for a few minutes they walked up to Monk and Albany streets, where the fight was resumed.  Police were told that Cooper administered a terrific glow with the large piece of lumber, inflicting a long and wide cut in Baker’s head.  The injured negro was carried to the City Hospital where he died Sunday morning.  Cooper made his get-away after striking Baker, police said.
            The tragedy was investigated by officers Burch, Branch and Berhard.

Pg. 8 col. 5

NEGROES STABBED IN 4-MAN BATTLE—Two negroes were stabbed, one of them seriously, in a four-man battle on Monk street Saturday.

            Police said Louis Cuthbert, Harry Warts and Lonnie Proudfoot were fighting Angus Young at Luke Miller’s place.  Cuthbert is alleged to have drawn a knife during the melee and stabbed Young, whereupon the latter drew a knife and also wielded it, stabbing Cuthbert in the side, but not seriously.  He was treated at the City Hospital and then placed in jail, as were the other principals, except Young, who is still in the hospital.



Wednesday 20 February 1946

Ppg. 8 col. 5


            When John Tepper received his discharge from military service recently, he hurried home to Richmond, Va., to his wife and two and one-half-year old daughter. But, finding them was a different matter, according to the story Tepper told local welfare workers yesterday.
            “I rang nearly every doorbell in Richmond asking about them,” the veteran-stated. A tip then sent hi to Brunswick, and a little investigation here sent him to police and welfare officials. As a result, William T. McMichael, 27, and Mrs. Katherine C. Tepper, 22, Mr. Tepper’s wife, are in city jail on a statutory offense warrant taken out by the ex-GI.
            Police said that Mrs. Tepper and McMichael had rented an apartment in Brunswick Villa, and had bought out and were operating a grocery store at 2518 Norwich street. They were telling their story to a lawyer today, and Mr. Tepper is en route back to Richmond to take his daughter back to his family.
            After talking with Richmond police, Chief J.E. Register said today he expects that McMichael will be wanted for questioning by authorities in that city concerning some bad checks.



Monday 15 April 1946

Pg. 8 col. 4

INJURED PERSONS LEAVE FOR HOMES—Mr. and Mrs. Wm. F. Hawkins, who have been confined in the City Hospital for three weeks as the result of injuries sustained in an automobile accident on the Coastal Highway north of Darien, in which Miss Betsy Ross, of New York, was killed, when the car she was driving collided with that of the Hawkins, left yesterday for their home in Scranton, Pa.
            Although sufficiently recovered to travel, they are still suffering from injuries.  Mr. Hawkins sustained a broken leg and is partially paralyzed, and Mrs. Hawkins sustained a broken arm.

LOCAL RESIDENT ACCIDENTALLY SHOT—Mrs. Leland Griffin, of 3861 Ogg street, Brunswick Villa, is being treated at the City Hospital for a bullet wound in the leg which was inflicted yesterday when a pistol she was handling reportedly was accidentally discharged at her home.
            The bullet reportedly went through Mrs. Griffin’s thigh and lodged in the lower portion of her leg.  Details as to how the accident occurred were not learned.



Monday 21 October 1946

pg. 8 col. 1


            Two young men from Thalmann district are being held by county police on investigation for murder following the death early today at the City Hospital of John O. Smith, 53, of Thalmann, who died of injuries received when he was allegedly run over by an automobile driven by the two men early Saturday morning.
            Following what County Police Chief H.E. Burch said was apparently a wild drinking party at a juke-joint operated by A.J. Strickland on State Highway 32, a little beyond Thalmann, A.C. Blount, 24, and Ernest Pollard, 26, both of Thalmann left in an automobile reportedly driven by Blount between 1 and 3 o’clock Saturday morning to drive DeWit Howe and G.W. Freeman home.
            In front of the establishment, police said, was Mr. Smith, who departed about the same time to walk home.  Chief Burch said that Blount ran over Smith with the car, then stopped the car, and the men dragged Smith off to the side of the road.  They then got back into the car, according to police, and Blount and Pollard drove the other two men home and came back to the spot where they had run over the man.
            The picked up Mr. Smith, Chief Burch said, and took him home and put him in bed, and departed.  No report was made to police at this time about the incident, Chief Burch said.
            Saturday afternoon, when it was apparent that Mr. Smith was seriously hurt, an ambulance was called and he was taken to the City Hospital late Saturday afternoon.  On arrival, hospital attaches notified county police that Mr. Smith had apparently been beaten up or run over and an investigation of the case was begun, resulting in the arrests of Blount and Pollard.
            Mr. Smith died early today, and this morning Chief Burch continued the investigation before brining formal charges against the men.  Police did not announce whether or not their investigation revealed what had taken place in Strickland’s prior to the running over of Mr. Smith.
            Mr. Smith was well known in the Thalmann section, having lived here for a great number of years.  Survivors include his mother, one daughter, Mrs. R.L. Summer of Brunswick; two brothers, Troy Smith of Savannah and D.P. Smith of Charleston; two sisters, Mrs. F.A. Harrison and Mrs. W.H. Phillps, both of Thalmann.
            Funeral arrangements are incomplete pending the arrival of relatives.  Gibson-Hart Funeral Home will be in charge of the services.



Tuesday 22 October 1946

Pg. 8 col. 3


            County Police Chief H.E. Burch yesterday took out warrants entering formal charges of murder against A.C. Blount, 24, and Ernest Pollard, 26, both of Thalmann, involving the infliction of fatal injuries to John O. Smith, 53, of Thalmann early Saturday morning.
            The two men allegedly ran over Mr. Smith with an automobile as they were all departing from A.J. Strickland’s beer joint following a party Friday night.  According to reports, they dagged [sic] the injured man to the side of the road, took two other passengers in the car home, and then returned and took Mr. Smith home and put him in bed.
            His condition grew worse and Saturday afternoon he was transferred to the City Hospital, where he died early yesterday.  Police said that Mr. Smith, Blount, and Pollard had all been at the party at Strickland’s, and there was no evidence that there had been any ill feelings before Mr. Smith was run over.  Blount and Pollard are being held in the county jail.



Saturday 26 October 1946

Pg. 8 col. 3


            A preliminary hearing on a charge of murder against A.C. Blount and Ernest Pollard has been scheduled before Judge W.D. Little in City Court Thursday, October 31, it was announced today.
            Both men are being held in connection with the death of John O. Smith of Thalmann, who died in the City Hospital after he was allegedly run over by an automobile in which the two men were taking some friends home from a drinking party at Strickland’s beer joint near Thalmann.
            The men were charged with murder by County Police Chief H.E. Burch after it developed that they had run over Smith, then dragged him to the side of the road, and continue [sic] on their way.  They returned later and took the injured man home and put him in bed.  He died early last Saturday morning, which was the following day.

[No further articles were found about the Thursday hearing—ALH]



Thursday 19 December 1946

Pg. 8 col. 5

TWIN OAK DRIVE-IN WILL OPEN FRIDAY—The handsome new Twin Oak Drive-In at 2618 Norwich street will have its formal opening tomorrow, noon being the opening hour.

            The new building is a very attractive one, being aluminum-lined throughout, with many advantages added to serve the public.  The drive-in has been in operation during the time the new building was under construction.  Every convenient facility has been added to the new building.



Friday 14 February 1947

Pg. 8 col. 3


            Hilliary Island, known in recent years as the Blue Heron Club, and owned by a group of about 100 men who purchased the property a number of years ago, has been sold to J.M. Rozier, who plans to at once improve it, connect it with the main road on Blythe Island and repair or entirely rebuild the one building on the island.
            The property was owned by the Blue Heron Club, Inc., of which W. Jennings Butts was secretary, and he handled the transaction on the part of the owners.  Original plans called for a big development by the club, where members could go on fishing trips and other outings, but the island was never developed and recently the little wharf has washed away and the one-story residence is in bad condition.
            It also is impossible to reach the island except by boat, the old causeway and bridge having washed away.  Mr. Rozier says he plans to at once start work on building the roadway in order that access to the island will be possible by automobile.
            The island contains about 25 acres of highland and some 50 acres of marshland.



Thursday 20 February 1947

pg. 8 cols. 4 & 5


            A local negro, William Henry Morrison, whose father has been employed at the Brunswick Marine Construction Company for the past 30 years, has attained considerable note in the field of popular music, it has been learned here.
            Morrison, who was born and grew up in Brunswick, later studied music in New York, and more lately played in several orchestras, including the well-known bands of Louis Armstrong and Cab Calloway.  Under the name “Chick” Morrison, the negro musician, who plays the drums, has recently organized and is leading his own band, and is currently being featured at New York City’s Café Zanzibar.
            He has made a number of recordings of popular songs which are being distributed throughout the country by record manufacturers.
            One of Chick’s popular recordings will be played during the recorded program over Radio Station WMOG tomorrow afternoon between 1 and 1:30 o’clock.


            City Police are holding a 25-year-old colored woman listed as Jewel Wiggins on a charge of assault with intent to murder following her arrest Tuesday night in connection with the stabbing of Fred Williams, colored.
            Officers Ben Bruns and J.C. Harris said the stabbing occurred at the Tick-Tock Café at 1604 Albany street, and that Williams was taken to the hospital suffering a knife wound in the chest.  The Wiggins woman was also a defendant in a disorderly conduct charge at a Police Court hearing yesterday in which several negroes were arrested for being disorderly in “The Good Shepherd’s Rest,” former headquarters of “Reverend Gibson,” who left Brunswick after several encounters with local police several months ago.
            A white woman who said she is the wife of a sailor aboard a Navy ship formerly stationed here, was charged with reckless driving, being drunk, and getting into a fight wit another woman prisoner after being place in jail.  She was sentenced to pay fines totaling $100 or serve 60 days in jail.



Tuesday 10 June 1947

Pg. 8 col. 2


            Governor M.E. Thompson and Attorney General Eugene Cook said in Atlanta they do not believe that New York owners of Jekyll Island will resist the state’s condemnation of the seashore resort for park purposes.
            Reports from New York that wealthy owners may try to block the state’s plan were minimized by the two officials, and the Governor declared that the president of the Jekyll Island Club had conceded that the state eventually could take over the property.
            Attorney General Cook predicted only “token resistance” when the condemnation proceedings are heard June 16 in Glynn Superior Court.
            Cook said he had been informed that the island has been abandoned and is overgrown with weeds.
            “It was our understanding,” Cook said, “that the owners would be glad to get rid of it, but that the directors of the club are so scattered that it is impossible to hold a meeting to approve a sale.”
            Cook said John Gilbert, local attorney representing the island’s owners, agreed to an early hearing before Judge Gordon Knox.  “If the owners planned any serious resistance,” Cook said, “it would have been easy for Mr. Gilbert to have delayed the proceedings for weeks or even months.

Pg. 8 col. 3


            John D. Twiggs, of Augusta, was elected commander of the Unites Spanish Veterans of Georgia at the conclusion of a three day encampment here today.  He will succeed Dr. Edwin D. Posey, of Athens.  Other officers elected were the following:
            William H. Longdin, Atlanta, senior vice commander; M.L. Diehl, Edison, junior vice commander; Charles W. Bernhardt, Atlanta, adjutant; Henry C. Cameron, Albany, chief of staff; W.M. Simmons, Savannah, department inspector; James Rogers Savannah, judge advocate; Dr. I.T. Catron, Atlanta, surgeon; Rev. Edmund F. Cook, Macon, chaplain; R.A. Bollinger, Macon, patriotic instructor; J.D. Watson, Winder, marshal; T.P. Eberhardt, Brunswick, historian; D.C. Dean, Norcross, senior color sergeant; C.T. Mims, Augusta, junior color sergeant; F.S. Dorsey, Savannah, musician.
            Mrs. Minnie Capps, of Athens, was elected president of the auxiliary; Mrs. Jimmie Austin, Macon, senior vice president, and Mrs. Sarah Vance, Augusta, junior vice president.
            Separate business sessions were held by the veterans and the auxiliary today, a number of matters besides the election of officers being disposed of.  Albany was selected as the encampment city for 1947.
            The social highlight of the encampment was the annual banquet held at the Oglethorpe Hotel last night, which was largely attended, and at which two or three [continued on page 3 which I did not copy—ALH]



Wednesday 11 June 1947

Pg. 8 col. 5


            The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn County, Georgia, during the month of May 1947, who are properly registered according to law.  If you [sic] baby’s name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the health department.
            Peggy Ann Homans, Cheryl Sheriene Ryals, Walter Anthony Sterno, Truman Wayne Prevat, George Ranson, Frederick Duane Herbert, Gloria June Gulley, Judy Virginia Knight, Thomas Lawton Knight, Thomas Scarlett, Larry Wayne Clark, Patrick Glen Wilkes, Elizabeth Dana Scouten, Janis Maurine Manning, Patricia Dotson, Lawanice Jacqueline Bridger, Alton Lee James, Robert Lloyd Strickland, John Costa Martin, Jr., Carolyn Marie Green, George Ernest Rhodes, Albert Clinton Knight III, John Monroe Pafford, Mary Anne Sisk, Joan Adamson, Michael Waldo Freeman, Carol Yvonne Smith, Edna Mae Collie, Stella Victoria Patelidas, Robert Irvin Sprinkle, Riller Eveline Faulkner, Mr. & Mrs. W.S. King s/o, Charles Billy Drury, Myra Dale Cohen, Edward Cameron Whittle, Mr. & Mrs. C.W. Goodbread d/o, Gerry Lynne McKenzie, Lenora Dianne Davis, Thomas Augustus Heath, David Jack Hutchinson, Ruby Frances Ingram, Mary Ellen McWilliams, Andrea Harper Norman, Jimmie David Smith, William Lloyd Smith.
Colored—Vivian Louise Jones, Katharene Louise Demery, Ruth Wing, Ruby Wing, William Philmore, Jr., Catharine Miller, George Elwood Florence, Theophilus Herrington, Mary Louise Holmes, Harold Sams, Willie James McMullen, Dan Delano Franklin, Tommie Dunham, Jr., Viola Jean King, Barbara Jean Jackson, Helen Ruth Burns, Isaac Thomas Mungin.

Pg. 8 col. 6


            A coroner’s jury which yesterday afternoon investigated the accident in which little 3-year-old Bessie Helen Cox, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F.W. Cox, lost her life, returned a verdict that it was an unfortunate, unavoidable accident.
            The little girl was run over in front of the family apartment at 3533 Gordon Oaks by a milk truck driven by Johnny Kiff, and the jury exonerated him of any blame for the accident.



Friday 11 July 1947

[Article is VERY hard to read—ALH] 

Pg. 8 cols. 1 & 2

SIX NEGRO CONVICTS KILLED AT LOCAL CAMP—Seven others injured by guards who open fire when prisoners attempt to make escape. 

            Superior Court Judge Gordon Knox telephoned The News this afternoon that he had called the Glynn county grand jury to convene at 10 o’clock Wednesday morning to investigate the killing of six prisoners and the wounding of seven others at the nearby state prison camp yesterday afternoon.
            Judge Knox said the last grand jury had not been discharged, but had been excused subject to call.
            When Warden H.G. Worthy of the State Highway Camp No. 18 strode into a group of unruly negro convicts about 8:30 o’clock yesterday afternoon, Willie Bell, a long-timer and reported trouble-maker, lunged at him.  The warden shot Bell with his pistol, and immediately half a dozen other armed prison guards opened fire on the convicts with shotguns and pistols.
            A few second later the firing had ceased and five of the colored convicts lay dead, eight others were wounded, one dying during the night at the city hospital.  Bell received only a minor wound in the leg.
            Witnesses said at the first shot by Warden Worthy, the prisoners broke in all directions, men scrambling over the nearby bunk house.  Three of the dead negroes lay where they fell in front of the bunk house.  Another was killed under the house and had to be dragged out, and the fifth managed to crawl under the house to a 10-foot wire fence on the other side.  He was shot climbing the fence and fell dead on the outside.
            The wounded lay where they fell, some under the bunk house building, others sprawled in front of it.  Fourteen of the group of 27 prisoners in the group were not hit  by the bullets and crouched or lay still on the ground as guards rounded them up and herded them into the bunk house.
            Events followed in rapid-fire order when news of the shootings was telephoned out to newspapers an hour and a half later.  The Association for the Advancement of Colored People, through its local chapter, engaged Attorney C.J. Cogdell, and is demanding a full investigation.  The solicitor general will be called on to investigate, and Judge Gordon Knox will be [illegible] to convene a special session of the grand jury Monday.  Mr. Cogdell also said he would ask the Georgia Bureau of Investigation to investigate.
            The association also expects to call on the U.S. District attorney and Attorney General Tom Clark to look into the matter.  Telephone calls to the convict camp, to local county police, and to newspaper men[?] in Brunswick came last night from three major news services, the AP, the UF, the INS, and from such newspapers as PM, the New York Daily News, the Chicago Tribune, and other papers including one in Philadelphia.
            Coroner J.D. Baldwin began the investigation today with an inquest.  Attorney Vance Mitchell was on hand when the coroner’s jury convened., stating that he represented Warden Worthy and the state.
            The prison camp is located near Anguilla, about 12 miles from Brunswick.  All ambulances in Brunswick and several doctors were summoned to the camp immediately after the shooting to treat the wounded.  There are about 75 convicts, all colored, in the camp, who work on highway maintenance in gangs of varying numbers.
            Warden Worthy said he had received a group of new prisoners yesterday, mostly long-timers who had been making trouble.  He said when the men returned to the stockade yesterday afternoon they were cursing and refused to obey orders.  He then summoned help from county police, he said, and County Chief Russell B. Henderson and two county officers came to the camp to stand by.
            The group of prisoners was standing near the door to the bunk house, he said, and refused to line up as ordered, or obey other orders of the guards and warden.  When Chief Henderson arrived he said he talked to the prisoners and told them to do what the warden said.  He said Willie Bell did most of the talking and cursing, and the warden entered the group to get Bell out and away from the other prisoners.
            “I warned them not to put their hands on the warden because we would be playing for keeps,” he said, “Then when Capt. Worthy walked in among them, Bell lunged at him and the shooting started, it all happened so quick it was hard to see what took place. The shooting was over in what seemed like no time.”
        Chief Henderson who was armed with a sub-machine gun said he held his fire, and that numbers of the county police who were there did not fire either. The prisoners were unarmed except for a few short pieces of rod and a hickory stick.
        The bunk house, before which the men were standing, is about 100 feet long and 25 feet wide and is set on pillows almost two feet above the ground. Apparently many of the prisoners scrambled under the bunk house either in an effort to escape or to avoid the fire of guards.
        Attracted by the ambulances and early reports of the shooting, several hundred people converged at the camp a little later in automobiles, curious to see what had caused the excitement. County police and prison guards kept most of the people outside the stockade gates.
        Warden Worthy refused to permit news cameramen to take any pictures inside the stockade. Later when Coroner Baldwin arrived, after the wounded men had been picked up an taken to the hospital in ambulances, the coroner said that pictures could be taken, and the photographers were permitted to take pictures of the scene.
        H.B. Duvalt
[?] of Atlanta, convict supervisor of the state highway department, arrived here this morning to confer with Warden Worthy and get the official report of the incident.
        The warden said he pleaded with the prisoners for nearly an hour to obey his orders before county police arrived, but the men only cussed and threatened him


            Warden H.G Worthy listed the following as the five convicts who were killed by guards yesterday afternoon at State Highway Camp 18 near Anguilla.
            Jonah Smith, Fulton county, sentenced to 28 years in 1938 for burglary.  Five previous escapes.
            Henry Manson, Colquitt county, sentenced to 26 years in 1945 for breaking and entering.  Three previous escapes.
            Willie Wright, Fulton county, sentenced to 12 to 15 years in 1944 for burglary and grand larceny.  One previous escape.
            James Smith, Fulton county, sentenced to 15 years in 1942 for burglary.  Two previous escapes.
            George Patterson, Fulton county, sentenced to three to seven years in 1943, charge unlisted.
            Edward Neal, the sixth, from Fulton county, died last night at the hospital.  He was serving a one to two year term for robbery and a five year stabbing sentence.
            Two of the wounded were taken to jail after being treated at the hospital.  Those who remained at the hospital were listed as:
            West Johnson, Willie Frank Chambers, Ben Stephens, Willie Brooks, and Ben Benford.  Their records were not available immediately.



Monday 20 October 1947

pg. 8 col. 3


        T.G. Burham reported to police that $400 was stolen from his room between 4 and 6 o’clock yesterday morning.
        The theft occurred, police said, while Mr. Burham was asleep at 609 H street. Prior to going to bed, he told police, he placed the money in the pocket of his pants and pinned it to them.



Wednesday 29 October 1947

Pg. 8 col. 1 & pg. 3 col. 5


            The State Board of Corrections today was granted temporary use of the former Glynn county stockade, scene of the July 11 slayings of eight negro prisoners, to house convict laborers who will work on Jekyll Island.
            Charles A. Williams, state director of corrections, announced at the same time in a letter to the county commission that the Board of Corrections plans to establish a permanent camp on the island for its upkeep.  Only convicts with meritorious conduct records will be placed there, he said.
            In approving the reopening of the Anguilla camp at a called meeting the commission in its unanimously adopted resolution declared that it was untrue that “permanent re-establishment is contemplated.”
            The resolution specifies that “certain white prison labor only will be made promptly available to do the necessary work on the magnificent Jekyll Island Park facility prior to the scheduled opening of January 1.”
            Commissioners also voted to permit the Board of Corrections to remove needed equipment from the Anguilla stockade when facilities for a permanent camp on Jekyll Island are available.
            Occupancy of the stockade by Jekyll convict workers is expected to begin in the immediate future.
            Mr. Williams informed the commission that a personal survey of the island facilities had convinced him that it would be impractical to quarter prison laborers there before a permanent camp can be constructed.  The chief factor against such a step at the present time, he said, are that relatives of the convicts would be unable to visit them and no adequate medical attention could be given.
            Member of a negro delegation that protested reopening of the camp when the issue was discussed in a commission session Saturday appeared at the meeting today and registered their approval of the action permitting a temporary use of the stockade to quarter white prisoners only.
            They had objected saying reestablishment of the camp would create a “feeling of insecurity” and might precipitate another incident like that of July 11 when eight negroes were killed in an alleged escape.
            In addressing remarks to members of the delegation Commissioner Ray Whittle emphasized that the reopening would not be permanent and billeting of the convicts on the island is not feasible at the present time.
            Whereas the slain negro convicts were subject to State Highway Department, employee[?], the white prisoners to be used in developing Jekyll Island will be under the supervision of trained Board of Correction guards.
            The commissioners resolution declares, “In granting this particular request of the Board of Corrections, the county commission wishes to emphasize its determination to extend all possible assistance to the state in promptly making the Jekyll Park attraction fully available to the public.”
            In answer to the question of using only free labor the resolution points out it is the responsibility of the Board of Corrections that “prisoners are usefully worked on public properties during the period of their discharge of their debt to society."



Tuesday 4 November 1947

Pg. 8 col. 1

NEGRO’S DEATH TO BE INVESTIGATED—An inquest into the death of an elderly negro, who was struck by an automobile on Glynn avenue Sunday afternoon, will be held at 8 a.m.[?] Saturday.

            Major Holmes, the car victim, died at the City Hospital yesterday less than 24 hours after he was hit.
            Ernest Graves, driver of the automobile which knocked the negro’s body into the air before it fell to the pavement, has been charged with reckless driving and retained on a $300[?] bond.



Saturday 29 November 1947

Pg. 8 col. 1


            Following a conference between Ordinary Edwin W. Dart and members of the county commission today, it was announced that an acting sheriff to serve until a sheriff too succeed the late George M. Owens is elected, will be appointed Monday morning in time to serve at the approaching session of the City Court.
            Judge Dart said some doubt existed as to the provision of the act of 1937, making certain changes in the procedure to appoint a sheriff in the event of a vacancy.  Previous to that time the law provided that the ordinary appoint an acting sheriff until the successful candidate in a special election qualifies.  In order to overcome any legal entanglement, it was stated, the county board and the sheriff will act jointly Monday morning at a meeting scheduled at 9:30 o’clock.
            Judge Dart said the law provided that a special election be called within 20 days after the death of an official, and that it be held within 30 days, and he announced he would issue an official call for the special election either on Monday or Tuesday.  He said he had not yet decided on what date the election will be held.
            Meanwhile, it was pointed out, the law provides that if a county has no sheriff or acting sheriff, the coroner of the county should act as sheriff during the ad interim.  This means that Coroner J.D. Baldwin will be sheriff until an acting sheriff is appointed Monday.  However, the coroner is reported ill at his home here.
            In his call for the election, it was stated, Judge Dart will not only fix the date, but he will provide a deadline for entrants, announce all arrangements for the election.  Whoever is elected will serve the unexpired term of Sheriff Owens, which expires January 1, 1949.



Monday 1 December 1947

Pg. 8 col. 1


            Mitchell E. Owens, son of the late sheriff George M. Owens, was today appointed acting Glynn County sheriff by Ordinary Edwin W. Dart and the Glynn County Commissioners.  The appointment was made jointly, it was stated, because of a law of 1937 providing for the appointment of a sheriff in the event of a vacancy was not entirely clear.
            Mr. Owens immediately assumed office, and stated that he would be a candidate for the unexpired term of his father in a special election to be held on Tuesday, December 30, the date announced by Ordinary Dart.
            Mr. Owens also announced the appointment of J.G. Hummel, who has served as a deputy for a number of years, as chief deputy.
            Sheriff Owens has been serving as chief deputy since July, 1935, and recently, because of his father’s long illness, he has been practically in charge of the office.
            Ordinary Dart said today he would at once issue a call for the special election.  He said he considered dates and decided it would not be advisable to have an election before Christmas, therefore, he said, he believed December 30 would prove acceptable to all concerned.
            While one or two other names have been mentioned as probably candidates, both for the unexpired and the full term, beginning, January 1, 1949, no announcements were made today.
            Ordinary Dart said that in his call candidates will be given until 10 days before the election to qualify.
            It was stated that all of those who are now on the county registration list will be eligible to participate in the special election, and it seems probable that others will be given an opportunity to register, although no announcement to that effect was made today.
            Tax Commissioner J.M. Exley will confer with officials, it was stated, and the law will be reviewed as it refers to registration for a special election.  Registration books are open at all times in the commissioner’s office, but it is required that voters register by a specified time before a general election, and it stated today that there also is a provision covering special elections.  Announcement in regard to this, it was stated, will be made in a few days.



Tuesday 30 December 1947

Unknown page & column


            Mitchell Owens, acting Glynn county sheriff, was yesterday elected sheriff to serve out the unexpired term of his father, the late George M. Owens, by an overwhelming majority over Claud Goins.
            Mr. Owens carried each of the five precincts in the county.
            A total of 2,503 votes were polled, not including several which were thrown out for irregularities, the vote being as follows:

            District                       Owens                         Goins

            St. Simons                   260                              35
            Brunswick                   1,781                           412
            Thalmann                    32                                2
            Brookman                   19                                0
            Everett                         21                                1

            The voting was much heavier than had been anticipated.  Due to the quiet campaign the two candidates conducted and the fact that it was carried on during the Christmas holidays, it was not believed that a large number of voters would turn out, although there are more than 10,000 on the registration list.  At times voting at the two precincts in Court House was unusually heavy, and at times long lines formed.
            Mr. Owens, who now becomes sheriff instead of acting sheriff, is familiar with the duties of the office, as he has long served in that office.  He was his father’s chief deputy for many years, and during the long illness of the sheriff he conducted the affairs of the office.
            A few days after Sheriff Owens passed away, his son was named acting sheriff by Ordinary Edwin W. Dart and the Glynn county commissioners.
            Sheriff Owens took occasion today to thank all of his friends for the fine vote he received.  “My office will follow the same course as in the past,” he said.  “We will continue to render honest and efficient service to the public generally and the same force will be maintained in the office."



Saturday 28 May 1949

Pg. 8 col. 4


            Cub Scouts of Pack 10, St. Simons Island, held their annual picnic and track meet Friday evening at the island ball field, at which all parents fo the Cubs were guests.
            Quealy Walker, Cubmaster, and Mrs. Tom Gash, leader, were assisted in staging the track events by the Den fathers and Den chiefs.  Den 2 won first place, having scored most points, Dens 1 and 4 tied for second place and Den 3 taking third place.
            Mr. Walker presented awards to Cubs completing achievements this month, after which the picnic was enjoyed.

Pg. 8 col. 5


            Dr. Allen G. Akridge announced today that beginning June 13, Dr. B.F. Swafford [sic] will be in his office in the Greer Building for the practice of general dentistry.
            Dr. Swafford is coming here from Bowden, Ga., where he has been practicing for some time.  He was in service during the war and opened offices in Bowden when he was discharged.



Monday 20 March 1950

Pg. 10 col. 3


            A negro was seriously injured but six other negro boys escaped unhurt when a truck overturned on State Highway 99 near Sterling yesterday afternoon, Glynn Police Chief W.H. Norris reported.
            The injured man was Arthur Lee Best of Needwood, driver of the truck.
            Chief Norris said Best and the six negro boys, ranging in ages from six to thirteen were riding towards Sterling at a moderate rate of speed.  Suddenly the wheels rolled into a soft bed of sand, and Best lost control of the vehicle.
            As the truck overturned, the driver was hurtled upon the ground, and the machine toppled over on him.  At the same time the negro boys were thrown clear of the wreckage.
            An ambulance was called, Chief Norris said, and Best was taken to City Hospital, where he is believed to be suffering from internal injuries.



Wednesday 26 April 1950

pg. 10 col. 4


            Injury and illness today dealt a third blow to the Edwin Fendig family of St. Simons Island.  Doctors found young Edwin, Jr., a senior at the University of Georgia, suffered a fractured inner skull when hit by a bat in a softball game.
            The latest accident occurred Monday afternoon when Edwin was catching for his Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity team.  A batter swung all the way around and struck him across the back of the head.
            Neal Fendig, a sophomore at the university, will return to Athens today to take his brother to Atlanta if it is decided a brain specialist is needed.  Edwin is conscious and out of pain but in St. Mary’s Hospital.
            Neal remained home from school this quarter to help his bedridden parents and the operation of the family’s outdoor advertising business.  Mr. Fendig is recovering from a fractured kneecap and Mrs. Fendig from a heart attack.
            Misfortune overtook the family several months ago when Mr. Fendig’s car was struck by another.  The kneecap injury be received is one of the slowest healing fractures.
            Mrs. Fendig overworked herself caring for her husband.  The exertion has been blamed for bringing on a heart attack a few weeks ago.  Doctors ordered her to bed alongside her husband.
            Mr. Fendig has been given crutches and expects to be up and around shortly.  Mrs. Fendig has three or four more weeks in bed yet.  With Edwin, Jr., apparently to feel no permanent effects from his injury, the family managed optimism today.  Bad luck has had its inning, Neal commented.



Tuesday 11 July 1950

pg. 3 col. 3


            The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn county during the month of June, 1950, who have been properly registered according to law.  If your child’s name does not appear, you should communicate with your physician or the health department.
            Russell John Lambright, Stephen Charles Swafford, Richard Haleron Hightower, JoAnn Roberts, Marshell Diann Crum, Elma Lucille Bell, Linda Elaine Owens, Michael Wade Carlo, Carol Ann Chadwick, Janet Beverley Lewis, Sandra Dell Portulas, Thomas Andrew Redick, john Albert Collins, Charles Ray Readdick, Gene Dearl Harris, Pamela Suzette Capps. Richard Byron Lockhart, Thomas Eugene Williamson, Warren Blanton Lloyd, Ralph Pontus Wainright, Gary Carlus Hanson, Clinton George Lane, Jane Elizabeth Spaulding, Alza Lanier Phillips Jr., Linda Elaine Wilcox, Judy Lorene Goss, Charles Ancil Warren, Donny Ray Jones, Jimmy Michael Wells, Rosa Anna Marroquin, Edwin Tyler Rogers, Margaret Louise Alexander, Betty Virginia Vickery.
            Colored—Margaret Weems, Peggy Davis Cohen, Alford Bowe, Harriett Rosetta Carroll, Delores Jones, Patricia Diane Jones, Irene Mangram, Richard Porter Cooper, Bertie Mae Pasco, Gerald LaVerne Lawrence, Sallie Ann Life, Herbert Lee Chapple, Samuel George Allen, Paul Jerome Lawrence, Jaunita Stephens, Hubert Washington, Harold Washington, Sandra Faye Johnson, Melvin Gordon Smith, Willie Frances Kitchen, Gloria Dianne Sullivan, Shirley Marie Bacon.



Monday 11 April 1949

Pg. 3 col. 2


            Oliver Alexander, 23-year-old negro, was held today on a charge of cow stealing, County Police Chief W.H. Norris reported.
            Chief Norris said Paul Nobles, another negro, who lives in the Pennick section, discovered yesterday afternoon that his month-old calf had been butchered in the woods near his home.
            Investigating officers searched Alexander’s house and found the beef there, Chief Norris said.
            Cow stealing is a felony offense.



Thursday 07 June 1951

Pg. 14 col. 2

THEFT ON RIVER BANK—Fishing Trip Eventful; No Thanks to Fish

            Jud Branch of 2518 Wolf Street a Brunswick Negro, can talk about an eventful fishing trip that he had yesterday, but take note that the fish contributed nothing to the excitement.
            On the contrary, he hardly had arrived at a point on the bank of the Altamaha river in the vicinity of Everett City when his equipment and other possessions were stolen.
            Charged with larceny in connection with the theft, county police reported, is another Negro, 23 year-old Oliver Alexander of the Pennick community.
            Police said Branch encountered Alexander when he was walking to the Altamaha and spoke to him. Alexander told him he was hunting.
            Branch proceeded to the river and deposited his possessions on the bank. He went off for a few minutes, and when he returned, they were missing.
            Police said he suspected Alexander of the theft and did nothing more than come back to Brunswick, where he signed a warrant charging the young Pennick Negro with larceny.
            The missing articles, valued at $71, were a watch, fishing line, driver’s license, artificial bait, billfold, $8 in cash and a tackle box.
            The warrant was turned over to county police and they aroused Alexander at 5 o’clock this morning. Officers said with little ado he took them to a point in the woods where he had buried some of the missing articles.
            Subsequently he was placed in the county jail.
            Police said Alexander was arrested in 1948 on a charge of burglary in connection with the theft of clothes and in 1949 on a charge of stealing cows.



Monday 3 November 1952

Pg. 12 col. 1


            A 28-year-old Negro is being held by city police on charges of murdering another Negro, Delma Conaway, during an argument Saturday night, according to Chief J.E. Register.
            Henry Lee Blue is charged with fatally wounding Conaway with four shots from a .22 caliber weapon during an argument at 1919 Gordon Street.
            The Negro was turned over to local law enforcement officers yesterday by an uncle who resides in the Needwood community, the chief said.

Pg. 12 cols. 2-3


[Photograph caption:  MISS MACON HONORED—Miss Jane Macon is presented a check for nearly $2,400 contributed by former students as a surprise fund for a trip to England.  Mrs. Ardell Nation of the Urbana Garden Club extends the check as John Gilbert, also a former student, watches.  (Photograph by Jim Bisson).]

            Miss Jane Macon is going to visit the land of Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Milton.  Her pupils of half a century of teaching insisted she make the pilgrimage and Miss Macon yesterday agreed to take their gift of nearly $2,400 and fulfill her lifelong dream.
            At a reception at Memorial Auditorium honoring her 49 years of teaching in Brunswick, Miss Macon accepted a check representing donations from students now scattered around the world but unforgetful [sic] of the privilege, as they called it, of having studied English under her.
            Miss Macon wept and said she had abandoned hope of making the trip three years ago, when she seemed “at the end of the trail.”
            “Lady Jane” as students affectionately referred to her, retired last June and left Glynn Academy against her will, having reached the mandatory retirement age.
            An idea that many a student had broached—a purse to enable a voyage to the homeland of her beloved men of English literature—came alive, and under sponsorship of the Urbana Garden Club, letters were dispatched to 2,000 graduates of the academy, all for whom addresses could be found.
            Only one letter was sent to each graduate, and it was signed only “The Jane Macon Appreciation Committee.”  But replies poured in, many from other continents.  It was learned that a sprinkling of the graduates, in addition to those serving in the armed forces, were living in virtually every part of the world.
            An Air Force colonel sent $25 and wrote typically “If you need more let me know.  If it hadn’t been for her I wouldn’t be where I am today.”
            Miss Macon’s retirement was not announced by the Board of Education because she did not want any demonstration.  One letter received by the garden club came from California, the writer commenting that the news of the retirement was more of a jolt than an earthquake that day.
            John Gilbert made a brief talk during the reception.  He observed that as a former student he was disappointed that his two daughters would not be able to study under Miss Macon.  She is, he said, “The person who means more to the city of Brunswick than probably any other person in the community.”
            Paraphrasing Daniel Webster’s remarks before the Supreme Court, Mr. Gilbert said the check was “after all a small token—but there are those of us who love you.”
            The check was presented by Mrs.  Ardell Nation, president of the garden club, a former student, as a group of some 200 persons applauded.  Among the audience were students who remembered a host of stories about their teacher—such as how she came to class after World War II began with names of her boys who never returned from World War I.  She had tears in her eyes.
            For years Miss Macon required girls to wear hose and boys ties when they came to her classes.  She finally relented and allowed the girls to wear anklets.  Miss Macon herself preferred cotton hose.
            There was a question yesterday about whether Miss Macon would

Pg. 3 col. 2

(Continued From Page 12.)

agree to the trip.  She was not supposed to know of the fund.  But, unknown to the audience, she had learned of their intentions and was prepared to carry out their wishes.
            Reviewing how she came to Brunswick from her native Clark County and two years previous teaching, Miss Macon recalled she first was at the new Purvis School, in the days when Norwich Street was East Street.  She moved to the high school in 1911 and, as the classes became larger, narrowed her instructions to her real love, English and English Literature.
            “Since a youngster I have dreamed of going to England,” Miss Macon said.  She told of how savings plans went awry repeatedly over the years and the trip was postponed.  “Three years ago I saw I was at the end of the trail.”  Her eyes moistened and her voice broke.
            Then, wiping her eyes, Miss Macon continued, “I appreciate your gift with all my heart.  Providence has been good to me.” 



Saturday 23 February 1953

Pg. 8 col. 5


            A 25-year-old Negro woman is being held by county police on charges of critically wounding Willie Mathews, 29, Negro, at a colored night spot on the Jesup Highway early today.
            Willidene Mathews, 25, 1711 G street, is accused of cutting Mathews with a switch blade at about 2 a.m. today, according to Chief O.E. Burch.
            Mathews, who lives at 1925 Albany street, is reported in fair condition at City Hospital. 



Friday 30 March 1953

Pg. 10, col. 1


        Of much interest to the people of Brunswick and Glynn County is the new Junior High School now under construction by the Glynn County Board of Education.
        Located on what was formerly Wright Square, the building will extend eastward to Wolf Street, taking up a portion of the block on Carpenter Street between George and Howe.  Two blocks were purchased by the Board of Education to give this school one of the largest playground areas in the system.
        More than a year was spent working on the plans for this building.  Numerous inspection trips to other states and other school systems were made in order to secure the latest ideas on school building construction and equipment.  Every effort was made to see that these ideas were put into the plans for the new building.
        The building will be single story, of masonry and brick.  Wings of the structure will be arranged to capitalize on natural light.  Each classroom will be an independent unit arranged so that outside noises and interferences will be reduced to a minimum, Covered walkways will enable pupils to go from one classroom to another protected from the weather.
        There will be three traffic locations arranged so there will be no interference one with the other.  One will be for the school buses; one for parents who pick up their children, and the other a covered parkway for bicycles.
        There will be 23 standard-size classrooms, and three large rooms adapted for home economics, science, and visual education, respectively.  In addition there will be a library, a cafetorium, and kitchen, offices, clinics, kitchenette, for teachers, lounging room for teachers, storage rooms, refrigerator room, and supply rooms.  The bathrooms will be of glazed tile.  The floors will be of asphalt tile, with acoustical material for the ceilings.
        Funds for this project were allocated to Glynn County by the Federal Government under Public Law 815.  This law gives financial assistance to local communities in various parts of the United States where federal projects have brought in people and school attendance has increased beyond the ability of the local communities to care for.  This is one of three such projects allocated to Glynn County.
        The building is scheduled for completion in time for occupancy when school opens in September.  Work is progressing rapidly and indications are that this schedule will be met.
        The completion of this building will relieve the present crowded conditions of the junior high school.  The old junior high school building is scheduled for renovation and will be taken over by Glynn Academy, which will in turn relieve crowded conditions there.

Pg. 10, col. 2


        The bodies of two former prominent Glynn County residents, John P. and Martha W. Lamb, were yesterday removed from the family burial ground in the cemetery at which is known as the old Lamb place.  The cemetery was moved to allow construction of the new jet aircraft runway at Glynco.
        Records show that Martha W. Lamb died November 28, 1878, and her husband passed away January 9, 1895.  Members of the family have been prominent in the history of Glynn County and many of the descendants of this couple still reside in the city and county.
        The Miller Funeral Home was in charge of arrangements in connection with the transfer of the bodies to their final resting place in Palmetto Cemetery.



Thursday 30 April 1953

Pg. 12 col. 4


        James Quincy Smith, 69-year-old resident of Waynesville, 25 miles west of Brunswick in Brantley County, was rushed to the local hospital early today after he had been bitten by a rattlesnake at his home.
        Anti-venum [sic] was administered as soon as he reached the hospital, and reports later in the day indicated he had not suffered any ill effects.  However, he will remain in the hospital for a time.
        It was stated that Mr. Smith had gone into his yard to feed his mule.  the four-rattler snake was on the ground, and leaped at Mr. Smith before he observed the snake, which bit him on the hand.

Pg. 12 col. 5


        Lloyd Drury, 30, arrested last Friday afternoon and charge with forgery, is being held under $10,000 bond.  His case will be tried in the May term of Superior Court.
        Drury is accused of passing checks, one as high as $825 after forging the name of Paul Moreira, according to City Police Chief J.E. RegisterDrury formerly worked for Moreira, who is engaged in the shrimp business here.
        Chief Register said he forged approximately 35 checks amounting to $4,500.



Friday 1 May 1953

pg. 10, col. 1


        James C. Manning, Sr. entered the Ware County Hospital in Waycross yesterday for treatment.  He resides at 1728 Ellis Street.

pg. 10, col. 2


        Albert E. Forster was elected president of Hercules Powder Company at a meeting of the board of directors in Wilmington, Delaware, Wednesday.  He was elected also chairman of the executive committee.
        He succeeds Charles A. Higgins, president and chairman of the board.  Following the company's retirement policy, Mr. Higgins resigned as president of Hercules, a post he has held since 1939.  He also resigned the chairmanship of the company's executive committee.  He will continue as chairman of the board.

pg. 10 cols. 5 & 6

        Two brothers have been bound over to the May term of Superior Court, one charged with murder and the other with stealing his sister's watch, both alleged crimes taking place in the sister's Glynnvilla apartment.  The county jail was considered inadequate for the prisoners and they are being held at the Reidsville state prison.
        Yesterday afternoon Judge W.C. Little of City Court ordered Doyle Scott, 30, held for the grand jury on a charge of murdering Mrs. Ruby May Daniels, 29, in the apartment, 45 Glynnvilla, March 14.
        Scott, who was brought handcuffed from the Reidsville prison after demanding the hearing, chose to remain silent, charging only that the witnesses against him had "set out to lie" and that actually the woman committed suicide.
        The other brother, Jack W. Scott, was brought down from Reidsville last Friday for a hearing on the larceny from the house charge against him.  Doyle Scott accompanied him and the two joined in claiming that the watch actually was taken by Doyle, not the brother accused of theft.
        If the committing magistrate had been convinced, this would have freed Jack Scott and left Doyle facing both the murder and the larceny charge.  But Judge Little thought the case should go before Superior Court.
        The brothers claimed Doyle Scott actually had taken the watch from his sister's residence and turned it over to his brother, Jack, when the latter said he needed some money.  The brother that received it thus did not know it was stolen, they maintained.  Jack Scott was arrested on the charge January 31.
        The case was brought by city police after the sister, Mrs. R.C. Dotson, 45 Glynnvilla, reported her watch stolen and when police recovered it the thread of handling it since taken was traced to Jack Scott.
        In the murder hearing, witnesses disputed Doyle Scott's allegation that the woman killed herself.  J.H. Tarte, a neighbor, said he saw Scott come to the front door of the apartment where she was shot and call for help, saying, "I've shot a girl."  He said he telephoned the police, then saw Scott at the back door of the apartment, this time calling "She's shot herself."
        Officers testified the shotgun blast passed through the woman's head at an angle which made it impossible for her to have pulled the trigger herself.  She died instantly and still had her shoes on, hence couldn't have used a toe to pull the trigger, they said.



Saturday 26 September 1953

Pg. 8 col. 6


            Funeral services for a colored resident here today went through as planned, with the aid of boats.
            Those attending the services, held at a home facing the railroad tracks east of Albany and south of Prince Street, were taken to and from the home by boat.  Water surrounded the entire block.
            It was also planned to remove the casket from the home by boat at the time of burial.



Monday 28 September 1953

Pg. 10 col. 6


            Funeral services for a colored woman, Daisy Williams, where held yesterday, but burial had to be delayed until today.  The grave couldn’t be dug previously because of heavy rains.
            The procession went to the cemetery at Spring Bluff before it was found that the ground was too soupy to dig.  The grave was dug today by walling the ground.



Monday 9 August 1954

Pg. 12 col. 1 & pg. 3 col. 2

FIRE BURNS OUT RISLEY HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING—Smoke Overcomes fireman As Flames Win Long Fight [Photo of building included with original article—ALH]

            Raging flames destroyed the Risley High School building this morning despite a desperate battle by firemen to halt the blaze.
            Heavy smoke poured from the windows of the 400 pupil building in the earlier stage of the hours-long losing battle put up by the firemen and a fireman was overcome by it when he entered despite the protection of a gas mask.  D.M. (Buck) Haddock was carried from the building by fellow firemen and rushed to the Brunswick hospital by an ambulance where he was reported to be in good condition.
            Towering flames burst through the roof of the school as the fire gained headway and poured from opened windows.  Later the roof began falling in and finally the floor of the second floor collapsed.  Large crowds gathered to watch the battle.
            Four fire engines were dispatched to the scene by the city Fire Department and a truck of the Atlantic Sign Company, operated by Bill Peek, arrived to provide needed assistance with a hydraulic telescope ladder.  A fire truck from Glynco arrived by 11 o’clock in answer to a call for help from County School Superintendent R.E. Hood, but its assistance was not needed.  Fire chief J.W. Greenfield directed the fire-fighting operations.  Fire hoses were strung around the building like spaghetti and five were often in operation at the same time but low water pressure hampered the firemen’s efforts.
            By 11:30 o’clock the building was gutted with only the walls left standing, and these were cracked in places from the tremendous heat.
            Mr. Hood said this school building was covered by $75,000 insurance.  He added the building probably could be repaired for that amount.  It was expected that damage to the first floor was mostly water damage and that this part of thee building could be repaired.  In any case the walls were still standing and the two ends of the building seemed not to have suffered much damage.
            A place for pupils who attend the school will be found somehow, Mr. Hood said, and plans still call for them to start to school Sept. 1.
            Possibilities on handling the 400 students without classrooms include the utilization of nearby churches and the gym.  The building will be rebuilt as quickly as possible, Mr. Hood predicted.
            Smoke was reported coming from the school building at 8:40 a.m. and the first fire truck was dispatched immediately.  A second truck sped to the scene at 8:50 o’clock and a third and fourth went at 9:20 o’clock and 10:25 o’clock respectively.
            The fire apparently started in a chemical store room downstairs next to the science room and broke through the ceiling into the second floor.  Its origin could not be immediately determined.  When the firemen first arrived heavy smoke was pouring from the windows but no flames were visible outside.
            Gaining headway, however, the flames spread through the upper north wing and at 10:15 o’clock burst through the roof and blazed with tremendous heat.  Working its way down the length of the building in the face of the firemen’s hoses, the blaze destroyed the entire roof and at 10:50 o’clock burst through to the lower floor with renewed fury.
            Efforts in the latter stages of the battle were directed towards saving the walls of the building but these began cracking in several places.

[Photo Caption—GRAPHIC PICTURE TELLS THREE STORIES—As today’s fire raked through the second story of the Risley Negro High School building, gutting the structure, a News photographer obtained this three-story-in-one view.  The flames are shown eating their way towards the south end of the building at the left, after gutting the north end.  The picture was made from the rear of the Albany Street building, erected 20 years ago with a PWA grant.  The second story is the problems of school officials, already deep in a building expansion program for Negro students here.  In the right foreground are seen R.E. Hood, county superintendent (right), architect J.L. Robeson, and school board business manager J.M. Hodges (left), discussing replacement plans.  The third story is the contribution by Bill Peek of the Atlanta Sign Company of the hydraulic mobile extension ladder, owned by his firm and seen in use dangerously close to the fire.  The local fire department is without such equipment.]



Tuesday 27 December 1955

Pg. 8 col. 6

PATROL REPORTS FOUR DEAD, 12 INJURED IN AREA—Figures Added to State Totals From Only Two Wrecks

            Word of four highway fatalities and 12 injuries was forwarded by the state patrol station here today for statewide accident tabulation of the extended Christmas weekend.
            The deaths and injuries, Trooper C.H. Farrar said, mounted from only two accidents within the Brunswick station’s four-county area.
            Catherine White, 31, colored, of 2310 Albany Street, was fatally injured when her car was involved in a head-on collision on U.S. Highway 17, Blythe Island, late Friday.
            In a second wreck, Grant Baxter Hill, 29, of Rt. 3, Jesup, (formerly of Brunswick) Betty Daniels, 10, and her brother, Luther Daniels Jr., 16, of Screven, were killed at the intersection of Georgia 169 and the Pine Street Extension, less than one mile north of Jesup. The Jesup accident occurred at 5 p.m. Saturday.
            Troopers reported Mr. Hill was traveling north in a 1949 model car on Georgia 169 at the time. According to a witness in the car behind Mr. Hill’s, the Daniels car came from the south and struck Mr. Hill’s vehicle broadside, W.E. Bland, Madray Springs, told investigating troopers, young Daniels appeared to have run a stop sign.
            Injured were Mrs. J.L. Daniels, mother of the driver, and the car-owner, O.M. Goff, also of Screven. Both were reported taken to McCreny’s Hospital in Jesup with head injuries. Mr. Goff being in critical condition. Mr. Hill was traveling alone. Both cars were demolished, troopers said.
            In the Blythe Island accident, each car carried large families bound for Christmas gatherings. The southbound car was driven by C.G. Bowen, Florence, S.C., who suffered chest injuries. Mr. Bowen was described as being in fairly good condition today by Brunswick hospital attendants. His wife who broke both legs and suffered chest injuries, was said to be in poor condition.
            Pearl Bowen, 15, a daughter, received an eye injury, while another daughter, Martha Ann, 12, suffered head injuries. The conditions of both were termed good. A third girl in the car, Jeanette Bunch, 14, also of Florence, received a broken wrist. Her condition, too, was termed good.
            Earl White, colored, driver of the second car, was in fair condition today recovering from chest injuries. The four White children were also described as being in fair condition at the Brunswick hospital. Catherine White, 13, had a fractured right thigh, Lavonia White, 9, head injuries, James White, 8, face, head and thigh injuries, and Kenneth, 7, various injuries.
            Aaron Malacow, Nixon, N.J., told county police White started around his truck-trailer and met the Bowen car head-on. Damage in both fatal accidents was estimated at $1,600 by the state patrol.
            On the state level 21 persons lost their lives in traffic accidents during the weekend, giving Georgia a year’s toll of 1,013 highway fatalities this year with five days still remaining in 1955. The toll is record-breaking, having already surpassed by five the previous record set in 1952.



Monday 12 March 1956

pg. 10 cols. 1 & 2


          The following is a list of names of children born in Brunswick and Glynn County, Georgia, during the month of February, 1956, who have been properly registered according to law.  If your child's name does not appear you should communicate with your physician or the Health Department.


AIKEN, Louise Inman

GIBBS, Susan Carol

PEEPLES, Cathy Rudene

ALTMAN, Donna Kay

GILES, Thomas Fox

PORTMAN, William Paul Jr.

AMMONS, Karis Elaine

GRIFFIN, Cheryl Ann

PRICE, Debra Ann

BEALS, Veronica

GUEST, Sheryl Christine

SAVAGE, Mary Kathryn

BEARD, Beverly Janann

HAMILTON, Susan Diane

SHUMAN, Deborah Lynne

BEATY, Marcia Denise

HARTLEY, Camilla Marie

SOUTH, Deborah Gail

BECKHAM, Patricia Ann

HIRES, Douglas Bryan

STEELE, Shawna Kay

BOYER, Mary Elizabeth


STEPHENS, Karen Annette

BRODERICK, Kerry Denise

JACOBS, Chet Regnal

SYMONS, Mary Elizabeth

BRYANT, Paula Elaine

KING, Joan Elizabeth

TAYLOR, Leah Allison

BURNBY, Julian Lamar Jr.

LANE, James Anthony

TAYLOR, Ruth Ann

BURRIS, Kathy Faye

LYNN, Janis Louise

THOMAS, Dotty Ann

COX, Ernest Ray Jr.

McCOOL, Michael Wayne

THOMPSON, Terry David


MITCHELL, Cynthia Diane

WALSH, Debra Lee

CROSS, Barbara Ann

MITCHELL, Donna Reece

WHITE, Joseph Avery

DEXERN, Alvin George Jr.

MURPHY, Carl Ethridge

WILLIAMS, Sherryl Charlene

DUCKWORTH, Everett Way

NUTT, Charlie Lee

YAWN, Richard Parker

FULTON, Rebecca Yvonne

OWENS, Donna Laree

YOUNG, Gary Clyde

FURBUSH, David Albert


ATKINSON, Clinton Lavesta

JACKSON, Cleo Rosa Lee

BACON, Gloria Ann

JONES, Yolanda Sabrina

BROWN, Deborah Dianne

McKNIGHT, Rogers Henry

CANNON, Ruthe Mae

MORTEN, Larry Lawrence

COOPER, Edwin Jerome

MURRAY, Ronald Leon

DAVIS, Gwennesse Leon

THOMAS, Reena Lynett

DAVIS, Irma Beatrice


DUDLEY, Gwendolyn Lawana


EVANS, John Westley Jr.



Friday 7 September 1956

pg. 12, col. 4

        Lawrence Black, purchaser of West Point Plantation, has offered to give Pink Chapel to the county as a historical attraction.
        Mr. Black, St. Simons real estate agent, who plans to develop the plantation, located north of Fort Frederica, for residential use, notified County Commissioner Franklin Crandall that if the county would build a road to the chapel he would contribute the site and right-of-way.  Mr. Crandall said.
        The County Commission has taken no action on the offer.


Wednesday 13 August 1958

Pg. 16 col. 2


            A Blackerby’s Dairy truck yesterday received $1,500 damage when the driver lost control and struck a tree, according to county police.
            Aaron Sellers, Negro, 1104 Stonewall Street, told officers he was driving towards Camp Glynn on Blythe Island when his right wheels hit soft dirt, causing him to lose control and strike the tree.
            Damage resulted to the front end of the truck and the top of the cab, police said.

RETURNS TO FORT—Millard G. Gouge returned yesterday to Fort Meade, Md., following a 10-day visit with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C.H. Gouge, 882 ½ Union Street.


Monday 7 November 1958

Pg. 10 col. 2


            A five-year-old K Street girl received minor injuries Saturday night when she darted in front of an oncoming car and was knocked to the ground, police reported.
            Elender Shaw, colored, of 1707 K Street ran across L St. at the Lee St. intersection.  A car driven by William L. Echols of Jacksonville skidded about 30 feet before hitting the child, police said.

Pg. 10 col. 3


            Jimmy Riley and his musicians packed their empty instrument cases, picked up their marbles and left the King and Prince Hotel during the weekend.
            It was the Riley group who was victimized June 5 when burglars removed their instruments from the patio storage hall.  The only sign of the night-time intruders was a warped string bass fiddle that floated onto the shore the next day.  All else had vanished in the musical mystery.
            Gone out with the tide, so far as anyone knows, were a saxophone, violin, clarinet, cymbals and drum accessories in addition to the fiddle.  Total value was put at more than $1,000.
            Gadi Timers, hotel manager, toasted the generosity of local musicians who by lending their instruments permitted the Riley combo to go on the very next night.  To the average listener there was no noticeable change in the group’s performance, he said.  But all that is water under the fiddle.


            Police reported a two-vehicle accident at the Bartow and Fourth St. intersection Saturday night in which damage totaled nearly $300.
            According to investigating officers a pickup truck driven by Booker T. Watkins, of Arco, came out of a side street, crossed Fourth St., made a semi-circle and allegedly struck the second car in the left side.
            Driver of the eastbound car was N.F. Robersons, of 3411 Trout St.  There were no injuries reported.



Wednesday 8 April 1959

Pg. 12 col. 2


            Razing of the older portion of the former city hospital, at First Avenue and Norwich Street, is 60 per cent completed and inquiries from prospective users of the remaining space have begun trickling into City Manager H.B. Lovvorn’s office.
            Two inquiries have suggested converting the space into an apartment building and two have suggested a nursing home.
            Materials from the building are being sold but the city plans to retain some of the brick to build manholes and catch basins.  “If we can’t get a decent price for the materials, I would be in favor of keeping them,” Mr. Lovvorn said today.



Friday 10 April 1959

Pg. 12 col. 3

UNDERGOES SURGERY—Gene Cody, 601 Dartmouth Street, entered the Brunswick hospital yesterday for surgery.

Pg. 12 col. 5

RABBI MANN TO LECTURE ON ‘ETHICAL TRAINING’—“Ethical Training”  will be the subject of Rabbi Moshay P. Mann’s lecture during Sabbath services tonight at Temple Beth Tefilloh.

            The musical portion of the worship will be rendered by the choir, consisting of Phillip Salkin, Mrs. A.A. Nathan, Mrs. Eugene Klein and Mrs. Florence Lorenzo, soloist.  The choir is under the direction of Guy Hackett.
            Rabbi Mann’s lecture is based on the book, “These Are Your Children,” by Gladys G. Jenkins, Helen Schacter and William Bever.



Monday 27 April 1959

pg. 16 col. 3

MISS LOT SERVES ON EVALUATION PANEL—Miss Beulah Lott, head of the mathematics department of Glynn Academy, has returned from Waycross where she served on the committee for the evaluation of the Waycross High School.

            Miss Lott, the only classroom teacher, on the committee, served as chairman of the guidance and mathematics groups.
            The member evaluation committed, headed by Dr. Doyle Smith, of the University of Georgia School of Education, was composed of principals, superintendents, member of the state department of education and county school supervisor.



Monday 17 April 1961

pg. 14 col. 2

INJURED IN JEKYLL—Ernest Jones, 14, son of Mr. and Mrs. J.A. Jones, of St. Simons Island, suffered a sever scalp laceration last night when he bumped into a low tree limb while running at the north picnic area on Jekyll Island.  He was attending a church picnic.  He is undergoing treatment at the Brunswick hospital.



Monday 19 November 1962

Pg. 12 cols. 2-3


            Authorities today were flooded with inquiries from Negro couples interested in adopting a newborn colored infant found abandoned in a housing project trash can yesterday.  The infant was believed only two hours old when found.
            The infant’s crying attracted the attention of Eddie Brantley, Negro, 74 Brooklyn Homes, as he walked along Albany Street near the McIntyre Court colored housing project, according to Officer Bruno Lewallen.
            Brantley followed the sound until he reached a row of four cans behind one of the project buildings.  He removed the lid and found the baby beneath a bag of garbage.  Officer Lewallen reported.  The infant, a boy, was stuffed into a paper bag.
            Officers E.W. Butler and J.L. Fountain, first to reach the scene, wiped the infant clean of coffee grounds, egg shells and potato peelings and summoned an ambulance.
            The four pound, eight-ounce baby was reported in good condition after an examination at the Brunswick hospital.
            Meanwhile, police hunted for clues to the mother’s identity.  Chief Rex Deaver indicated a suspect had been uncovered by coluored [sic] policemen and may be arrested for questioning today.
            Juvenile Court authorities said several couples have been given questionnaires leading to possible adoption of the infant, labeled “Baby X” at the hospital.  Police said telephones have been flooded with inquiries.
            Chief Deaver said misdemeanor charges of neglect and abandonment plus a possible attempted murder charge will be filed against the mother if she is found.
            Joining the investigation was officer J.M. Turner.



Wednesday 8 May 1963

Pg. 12 col. 3

HIGHSMITH PROVES ARMY SHARPSHOOTER—Specialist Four Robert M. Highsmith, Jr., son of Mrs. Mildred T. Highsmith, has received awards for marksmanship as a member of the Berlin Brigade’s Advanced Marksmanship Unit.
            Highsmith, stationed in Berlin, helped his unit take more than 30 trophies at small arms matches in Grafenwoehr, West Germany.
            Highsmith was on the automatic rifle team which won the championship and took three additional awards for sharpshooting.  He has been in the Army for three years.



Wednesday 4 December 1963

Pg. 16 col. 2

DR. IRA TOWSON HEAD MASONIC UNIT ON ISLAND—Dr. Ira G. Towson has been elected worshipful master of the Golden Isles Masonic Lodge for the coming year.
            Other newly-elected officers are J.L. Fitzgerald, senior warden; G.L. Reed, junior warden; W.H. Glover, secretary; W.D. Camp, treasurer.
            Appointed officers are:  R.L. Monroe, senior deacon; S.L. Shoemaker, Jr., junior deacon; J. Nelson, senior steward; G. Fouche, junior steward; T.P. Mathews, chaplain; and J.J. Conyers, tyler.
            The installing ceremonies were conducted by past masters O.R. Taylor and E.C. Porter.




Saturday 28 August 1965

Pg. 8 col. 3


            Mr. and Mrs. Riley C. Strickland announce the marriage Aug. 14 of their daughter, Miss Gloria Jean Strickland, to Charles Lee Creel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Lee Creel of Macon.
            The ceremony was performed by the Rev. James P. Arnold in the home of the bride’s parents with a reception following.
            Mr. and Mrs. Creel are now making their home in Macon.



Friday 22 October 1965

Pg. 5 col. 7


            A 67-year-old Brunswick Negro escaped with only a small head laceration and a bruised shoulder last night when a train struck and shoved his auto 138 feet down the tracks at the L Street and Cochran Avenue grade crossing, city police reported.
            Henry Ernest Dent, of 1009 I St., was treated at the Brunswick hospital for his injuries after the Southern Railway System train operated by George W. Brown of Brunswick struck Dent’s 1957 model auto in its side about 7:30 p.m., according to officers W.R. King and R.L. Rhodes.
            Brown told police that he sounded his southbound engine’s horn twice as he noticed the headlights of Dent’s auto approaching the crossing from the east, but that Dent apparently was not trying to stop his car and it continued on into the path of the engine. Dent said he saw the train about the time he heard the horn, police records show.
            Damage to the auto was put at $500, and to the locomotive, $75.



Tuesday 5 April 1966

pg. 14, cols. 1 & 2


        Investigators who worked late into the night probing the multiple bullet wound murder of an attractive Jekyll Island woman found the case suddenly closed today at 1:40 a.m. when the body of her husband, the admitted slayer, was found hanging by a belt from a bar in his county jail cell.
        James Joseph Daly, 65 year-old retired Binghamton, N.Y. insurance broker who had resided on Jekyll Island since 1960, was arrested by state troopers as he stood in the yard of his fashionable home at 300 Old Plantation Road.
        His wife, Ruth, died at the Brunswick hospital about two hours and 15 minutes after being the victim of a fusillade of bullets from two pistols as she sat in a chair in a bedroom.
        Coroner L.M. Harrison, who attended an autopsy performed by Charles Sullinger of the State Crime Laboratory, said it appeared about 16 bullets had been pumped into the graying Mrs. Daly, 53.
        That she lived as long as she did after the shooting, placed at around 3:35 p.m., was "amazing," the coroner commented.  The autopsy, he said, "showed her internal organs were shot to pieces.  She had no chance to live."
        The coroner said it "really looked more like a load of buckshot" had been fired into Mrs. Daly.
        Chief Deputy Sheriff Harry Owens said Daly's body was discovered by a prison trusty [sic] who was summoned after fellow prisoners heard scuffling sounds from Daly's cell.  He had looped his belt around a high bar and apparently jumped off a ledge, Owens said.  His feet were hanging some eight inches from the floor.
        Owens said the trusty [sic] could find no evidence of breathing.  Other prisoners reported having talked with Daly, who was in a private cell, up to midnight.  An ambulance and a physician were called to the jail but to no avail.
        The investigation into the bizarre slaying was headed by Col. Gen. Jack Ballenger who arrived from Woodbine where Camden Superior Court is in progress.
        State Patrol Cpl. William H. Elliott of Jekyll Island, who arrived at the Daly residence shortly after a Jekyll Fire Department ambulance had departed with Mrs. Daly, said Daly was in his yard with George F. Harris, Jekyll recreation director, and a fireman.  Daly readily admitted shooting his wife and said he had been drinking, Elliott said.
        Daly refused to discuss the incident with any officer but Cpl. Elliott who said he had known the suspect for about six years.  Asked if Daly offered any motive for the shooting, Elliott said he told a story which the corporal did not believe but later retracted it.  Elliott declined to divulge the nature of the discussion.
        Daly had threatened suicide about three years ago but was talked out of it by a Catholic priest, Elliott said.  He had spent time in both Augusta and Milledgeville mental institutions, Elliott related.
        Elliott said there was no sign of a struggle but blood was found on a chair in which Mrs. Daly was seated and the bedroom floor.
        Police discovered three pistols on a chair.  Ten spent shells were located from a .380 Beretta, and Italian-made pistol similar in size to a .32 automatic, and a .38 caliber pistol.  A .22 automatic apparently jammed and was not used, Elliott said.  He added that a live bullet had ejected from the .22.
        Trooper H.D. Wiggins, who accompanied Cpl. Elliott in the investigation, placed the time of Mrs. Daly's death about 5:45 p.m.
        Jekyll Fire Chief J.B. Owens, first official to arrive on the scene, said a tourist had stopped in front of the Jekyll Island shop and advised a mechanic that an elderly man was standing in front of a house, shouting that he had killed his wife.  The mechanic informed the fire department which operates the Jekyll ambulance.
        Owens described Daly as "kind of dazed" and with a two foot-long stick, probably a pine limb, in his hand.  He was in a neighbor's yard when Owens arrived and "started hollering and waving to me."  Owens said he managed to quite Daly and take the stick.
        "He told me he had shot his [continued on page 3 cols. 4, 5, & 6] wife three times."  Instructing a fireman to keep Daly involved in conversation, Owens said he entered the house where he found Mrs. Daly still alive.  "I called to her and she answered me.  I told her not to move.  She told me he had shot her in the back."
        Owens said Mrs. Daly's breathing was regular until just prior to reaching the hospital when she complained "she couldn't breathe too well" and an assistant raised her head and administered oxygen.
        "Actually I was a little scared when I got down there," Owens said.  He described Daly as "kind of raging."  Owens said Daly was staggering as though he was under a sedative but the fire chief reported noticing no odor of alcohol.
        Daly's house has been up for sale since Jan. 20 when he listed it with local real estate brokers.  Whether he and his wife planned to return to Binghamton, where he had operated an insurance firm for 13 years prior to retiring in 1963, was not determined.
        The couple had been married for 28 years.  They had no children.
        Mrs. Daly is survived by a sister, Mrs. Agnes Thompson of the Binghamton suburb of Chenango Bridge.  His survivors were not known.
        Joining the investigation, which continued until almost 2 a.m. with a late-night search of the Daly residence, were County Det. Lt. Paul Waggoner and GBI Sgt. H.L. Lunsford.
        The Edo Miller and Sons Funeral Home will forward the bodies to Binghamton for funeral services and interment.



Monday 16 December 1968

Unknown page and column


            Glynn County Sheriff Mitchell Owens was listed in fair condition at the Brunswick hospital today, after being admitted late Saturday following an apparent heart attack.
            The sheriff underwent surgery lasting almost four hours, and was reported today by a member of the family to be alert and improving.
            Owens will retire from the county sheriff’s office on Jan. 1, being succeeded by Harry W. Owens, who won uncontested election to the office in the November general election.



Friday 7 February 1969

Pg. 3 cols. 7-8


            City firemen answered one call at 7:25 a.m. today to a car fire at Norwich and Gloucester Sts. Probably cause of the fire was said to be a flooded carburetor.
            The auto was owned by Pete Smith, Jr. Damage was said to be minor by LP. Corbitt, officer-in-charge.
            In addition to a false alarm answered in the city at 4:25 a.m. yesterday, firemen were called at 1:10 p.m. yesterday to 1201 Fourth Ave., where a fuse box had shorted out. The one-story frame house, owned by Jack McDaniel was said not to have been significantly damaged, with the fire out on arrival.
            County firement [sic] from the Ballard Station answered a call to a car fire on U.S. 303 yesterday, one-half mile from the Ballard Station. Damage to the auto was estimated by Lt. Owens, who answered the call, at $75.
            The blaze started in the vehicle’s engine and was said to be a carburetor fire. The auto is owned by Charles Creel.



Tuesday 3 June 1969

Pg. 12 col. 5


            Word was received here yesterday that PFC Emory L. Dawson, 20, has been seriously injured during combat operations in the Republic of Vietnam.
            A telegram received by young Dawson’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dawson, 2518 Norwich St., from Marine Corps Commandant Gen. Leonard F. Chapman, said the 1968 Glynn Academy graduate received a missile wound in the chest and neck, and had been placed on the ‘very seriously ill list June 1.”
            Dawson presently is being treated aboard the U.S. Navy Hospital Ship, the USS Repose, where his condition was reported as poor.
            The Defense Department communication to Dawson’s parents said no details were immediately available on the date, place and circumstances surrounding the injury.
            The former Glynn Academy Red Terrors football player was home on leave from the Marin Corps last December, after undergoing training at Camp LeJeune, N.C.



Tuesday 12 August 1969

Pg. 12 col. 6


            After hearing six witnesses in a preliminary hearing yesterday, Judge J. Wesley Jernigan dismissed a murder warrant against Mrs. Gloria Jean Creel, ruling justifiable homicide in the fatal shooting of her husband, Charles Creel, last Friday night.
            The 20-year-old housewife, mother of three, was freed after witnesses substantiated that Creel was drinking, and that he was pursuing his wife outside their Union St. apartment at the time of the shooting.
            Creel died of a single .22 caliber bullet wound in the heart. Following the fatal shooting, Mrs. Creel drove to the Brunswick police station and announced to Thomas C. Cowan, dispatcher on duty, “I’ve shot my husband.”
            Attorney William R. Killian, representing Mrs. Creel, told the Magistrate’s Court yesterday that “It’s a tragic occurrence, and everyone regrets the young man lost his life,” but, he pointed out, Mrs. Creel was in fear of him. “Threats had been made.”
            Whether the shooting was accidental or in self-defense, the attorney explained, “it was not a criminal act on her part.”
            For his part, Killian said, he believed the shooting to be an accident, since Mrs. Creel was running, screaming, from her husband, and was trying to empty the small caliber pistol to keep her husband from using it on her.
            The pistol had been fired four times, according to officer W.E. Douglas, who investigated the incident. Three of the bullets were not recovered, apparently having been fired into the ground, he said. Two unfired cartridges remained in the gun when Mrs. Creel reported to police headquarters.
            Thirteen-year-old Terry Lee, a niece of the accused, told the court of having been with Mrs. Creel prior to the shooting, when Charles Creel had threatened to kill his wife.
            Elisha Corbitt, a resident of an apartment at the same 728 Union St. address as the Creels, said he heard a woman screaming and heard a shot, and when he ran outside the house could see a man chasing a woman.
            When he reached the couple, Mrs. Creel had the gun in her hand, and said she was going to the police. Creel was sprawled on a grass median in Union St., Corbitt said, and apparently died shortly after police arrived on the scene.
            Judge Jernigan, noting the evidence in the case was “consistent,” that Creel continued to pursue his wife after shots had been fired from the gun, and it appeared he intended to do her bodily harm, dismissed the warrant.



Saturday 20 December 1969

Pg. 3 col. 3


            Thomas E. McCloud, son of Raymond McCloud, of Brunswick, was among the 75 doctoral candidates who received their Ph.D. degrees from Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich., this week.
            McCloud graduated from Risley High School. He received his B.S. and M.A. degrees from the University of Illinois, and earned his doctorate at Wayne State in the field of evaluative research.



Monday 14 December 1970

Pg. 9A col. 5


            Mr. and Mrs. Deston Cohen announce the engagement of their daughter, Miss Patricia Ann Cohen, to Lee James Armstrong, Jr., son of Mrs. Ruby Armstrong of Townsend and of the late Lee J. Armstrong Sr.
            The bride-elect is the granddaughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Carmenar of Brunswick and of Mrs. Alice Cohen and the late Culliar [sic] Cohen White of Oke [sic].
            Her fiancé is the grandson of Mrs. Bessie Proctor and the late Ruben Mofell of Crescent.
            Miss Cohen is a 1970 graduate of Glynn Academy and is a freshman at Fort Valley State College.
            Mr. Armstrong graduated form Risley High School in 1967 and attended Brunswick Junior College. He is stationed with the U.S. Navy in Bainbridge, Md.
            A Christmas day wedding is planned at two o’clock at the Pillar and Ground of Truth Church. Friends and relatives are invited.



Tuesday 23 February 1971


Pg. 12 cols. 3 & 4


            Born during the turbulent years following the War Between the States, Emma Jenkins, daughter of slaves owned by Glynn County families, yesterday celebrated her 100th birthday.
            She passed the century mark at the Goodwill Nursing Home here with a small party arranged by the Glynn County Department of Family and Children Services.
            Lorna Spivey of the DFCS carried a three-tiered birthday cake and a corsage to the nursing home, where Miss Jenkins opened presents honoring her attainment of the century mark.
Miss Jenkins was born in Beaufort, S.C. of parents originally from Brunswick who had been taken to Beaufort by Union Soldiers.
            Her mother, Roxie Anne McHaley Jenkins, was owned by the Burnette [sic] family and her father George Jenkins, was owned by the duBignon family here.
            Miss Jenkins and her two sisters and one brother were all born in Beaufort, and when she was two years old, the family returned to Brunswick, where her father purchased a plot of land on Brooklyn St. or what is now known as I and Bartow Sts.
            The centenarian said when she grew up she bought a piece of land at F St and Norwich Lane.
            Miss Jenkins went to work for Mrs. Mary Francis at the age of 14 years, she said, and was head cook in Mrs. Francis’ boarding house for men working in an acid plant and the ship yard here.
            She recalls getting up at 4 a.m. to get “short orders” ready for the men because they did not come to the boarding house for lunch.
            She also served as a maid in the old Oglethorpe Hotel for seven years and eight months with the main duty of taking care of 19 rooms on the second floor.
            After her job with the hotel, Miss Jenkins did “day jobs” and retired from active work at the age of 67.
            She said she lived alone most of her life, but when she lost her eyesight and no longer could take care of herself, was admitted to the Goodwill Nursing Home in 1963.
            At her birthday party yesterday she was wishing everyone else well, and hoping all her friends would also reach their 100th birthday.
            When asked to what she attributed her long life, the 100-year-old Negro woman replied “I’ve just suffered through”.
            She added though, “Good health has helped a lot.” She also said she has quite a few good years left.
            Miss Jenkins, though blind and unable to walk, talks with clarity, and has adequate hearing to carry on a coherent conversation. Her memory is extremely good.



Thursday 17 February 1972

Pg. 12A cols. 1 & 2

BALLARD FAMILY NIGHT PROGRAM IS FRIDAY; FOUNDER'S DAY OBSERVED--Founder's Day was celebrated by Ballard School PTA last week when Mrs. Martha Fiveash discussed the history of the school which was built in 1915.  Opening that September, the original building which is now the library contained four classrooms.
        Named for Nathaniel H. Ballard who in 1901 was elected first superintendent of schools in Glynn County, the school's first PTA was formed in 1917.
        Mrs. M.M. Sappenfield, Sr. was the first PTA president, Mrs. Fiveash continued.  Ballard's first school buses were a truck and trailer, she said.
        To conclude the program, parents presented a skit about how school may have been in these early days complete with costumes of long dresses and knickers.  A movie about the founders of PTA was also shown.
        Mrs. Jenning Overstreet announced that the profits from the Halloween carnival will be used to purchase water coolers in the cafeteria.  A nominating committee was named.
        Plans were finalized for Ballard's family night set Friday from 5-8 p.m.  A "Dime-A-Dip" supper with a menu prepared by Mrs. Paul Blount, manager of the school cafeteria, will be featured.
        The menu includes:
        Sliced ham
        Baked turkey with cornbread dressing
        Cranberry sauce
        Cole slaw
        Sweet potato soufflé
        Green beans
        Coffee or Tea
        Game booths will include basketball, bean bags, a fish pond, and darts.  Movies will also be shown.  Proceeds from this project will sponsor various activities for the students.  The benefit is open to the public with families in the community urged to attend.
        In the picture above, details for tomorrow's family night program were worked out by (l-r) Mrs. Charles Moore, Mrs. Blanton Lovin, Mrs. Ty Foster, and Mrs. Overstreet.



Saturday 29 April 1972

Pg. 14 col. 6


            Three local men are dead today, and another hospitalized with multiple broken bones as a result of an early morning two-car collision on the F.J. Torras Causeway.
            City police said Lester Grovner, 29, of 3019 Amherst St., Dennis C. Williams, Jr., 28 of 1826 Lee St., and Timothy Hillery, 25, of 2212 Wolf St. were dead on arrival at the Brunswick hospital early this morning.
            Grovner was driver of the car in which three men were riding when it was struck in the front by a vehicle operated by 23 year old Steve R. Anderson of Glynnvilla Apts. according to police reports.
            Police said the Grovner vehicle was traveling east on the causeway and the Anderson auto was traveling west.
            According to police reports, the Anderson vehicle left approximately 129 feet of skid marks before crossing the center line into the path of the Grovner car.
            Police said after the collision Anderson’s vehicle caught fire.  Anderson was thrown a few feet from the burning vehicle they said.
            Police estimate $2,150 damage to the Grovner vehicle and $1,895 to the Anderson automobile.
            Anderson is reportedly in “fairly good” condition at the Brunswick hospital.
            Police offered no explanation as to why Anderson might have skidded into the other lane.



Monday 1 May 1972

Pg. 1A col. 1 & pg. 5A col. 2


            Seventeen persons died in accidents during the weekend in Georgia, all of them in traffic.
            A head-on collision on Interstate 95 at College Park killed two persons Sunday night.  Police identified the victims as Lonnie L. Waller, 19 and eight months old Demitrion Brown.
            Another College Park accident killed Stephen M. Griffith, 22, Saturday.  Police said his car collided with an earth moving machine.
            Steve Cross, 30, of Macon died Saturday night when he lost control of his car and rammed into a parked tractor trailer truck in downtown Macon.
            A head-on collision Saturday killed 31 year old Clara Dunson and 5 year old Lisa Erwin, both of Bogart.  The accident occurred north of Bogart.
            The state patrol said Wiley Martin, 39, of Waynesboro died Saturday night when his car went out of control on Georgia 56 about five miles south of Waynesboro.
            Pedestrian accidents killed two Georgians, George Lively, 21, of Doraville, was struck and killed by a car near the Atlanta city limits on Nesbitt Ferry Road late Saturday.  And William Turner, 45, of Lake Park was struck and killed about seven miles north of Statesville on Georgia 11 in Echols County.
            A two-car collision just east of Sumner on U.S. 83 took the life of three year old Joe Isaza on Saturday.
            Killed in a head-on collision two miles west of Clayton on Georgia 2 was Hayne Sanders, 36, of Hiawasee.
            A head-on wreck on a Brunswick causeway killed three men.  They were identified as Dennis Williams, 28, Lester Grovner, 29, and Timothy Hillery, 25, all of Brunswick.
            Early Saturday, a hit and run driver struck and killed 26 year old Robert Michael Maddox of Lanett, Ala.  He was walking along Georgia 103 about seven miles south of West Point.
            Ricky Proctor, 18, of Dawsonville, was killed Saturday when his car went out of control on a curve and struck an embankment about four miles north of Dawsonville on U.S. 19.
            One year old Christie Lavon Holden of Moultrie died in a three-car accident Friday night near Moultrie on Georgia 33.
            The Associated Press counts accidental deaths each weekend from 6 p.m. Friday until midnight Sunday.



Monday 28 May 1973

Pg. 12 col. 3


            Mr. and Mrs. George Francis announce the engagement of their daughter, Iona Ozella, to Charlie O. Bess, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Charlie O. Bess, Sr. of Brunswick.
            Miss Francis is a 971 graduate of Glynn Academy and a former employee of the F.B.I. She attended Brunswick Junior College and is presently employed at J.S. Tabor Clothing Store as secretary and bookkeeper.
            Mr. Bess is a 1971 graduate of Brunswick high School and presently serving in the U.S. Navy.
            The wedding is planned for June 16 at 6 p.m. at Shiloh Baptist Church. A reception will follow in the E.C. Tillman Fellowship Hall. Friends and relatives of the couple are invited.



Saturday 16 November 1974

Pg. 10 cols. 1-3

By DEBORAH DOUB, News Religion Editor

[photo caption: EARLY DAYS—The fashions of the day indicate this old photograph of the Emanuel Methodist Church membership was taken during the era of the second world war. The church is shown before the addition of Sunday school rooms and other annexes, and appears much as it did to the early pioneers who built it in 1880(?)]

            Emanuel Methodist Church is reputed to be the oldest church in Glynn County in continuous use (including Christ Church on Frederica). The sanctuary building, which members say is the original structure built by coastal pioneers in 1800, has remained unaltered in dimension since the congregation’s first families worshipped there in post-Revolutionary days.
            Churches like Emanuel, which sprung from the toils and faith of predecessors are immeasurably valuable to the community, and it is indeed tragic that in most instances, the history of the church, its ministers and congregations is not recorded and is lost over the years.
            Fortunately for Emanuel, both the ministers and certain members of the congregation have endeavored to record and in some cases reconstruct, historical data concerning this quaint country church…a church very closely related to some of the prominent plantation families who were important to the development of Brunswick.
            According to church records, the early membership included families from nearby Myers Plantation; the Scarlett Plantation, Fishall; Oak Grove on Fancy Bluff (another Scarlett plantation); Laurel Grove (Pyles family) and the Ratcliff Plantation; and numerous others.
            MOTHER OF METHODISM—Emanuel Methodist has the notoriety as “Mother of Methodism in Glynn County.” According to the History of Methodism in Georgia and Florida by John Owen Smith, and quotations of entries in the journal of Bishop Francis Asbury who authorized the church, it is known that Methodism officially entered the county under the ministry of the Rev. George C. Clark.
            Mr. Clark was the first Methodist preacher sent to St. Marys, and he made visits to both Glynn and Camden counties during his ministry.
            Emanuel Methodist did not always stand in its present location. The church was organized by the Pyles family on Laurel Grove Plantation in 1800 as the New Hope Church.
            Sometime between 1829 and 1841 the names of the circuit was changed to Satilla Circuit and the church was moved to its present location “to provide a more centrally located place of worship and education.” The most reliable sources indicate the transition occurred in 1833.
            When moved to is present site, the name of the church was changed to “Immanuel,” evolving to “Emanuel” over the years.
            The oldest quarterly conference on record of St. Marys and St. Illa Circuit in existence is the one held at New Hope Church June 20, 1829.
            Attending that early gathering were a “superannointed” preacher Peter McIntyre; a local preacher. James Hutto, and the church pastor, William Gassoway, among others.
            When in 1841, the Brunswick Circuit was formed, the quarterly conference was held at Emanuel on April 10. Again in 1849, the name of the circuit changed to the Brunswick Circuit and Satilla Mission, with a mission formed for the “colored people.”
            Interestingly, in a history composed by the Rev. J.D. Snyder, written around 1930, it is noted that “the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, did not neglect the colored man’s soul while he was a slave.” According to the history, Emanuel Methodist was among the conference churches to receive 157 coloreds as opposed to 35 white members during the second quarter in 1853.
            CHURCH FAMILIES – Beginning in 1853, the names of Scarlett and Crum emerge in the church records, as Robert Crum and F.M. Scarlett are mentioned as “Steward names…called and their characters examined and passed.”
            The Scarletts, the Crums, and the Myers were three families who played a very active role in the history of the church. James and W.H. Myers, mentioned first in 1836 [or 1856?] appear regularly in church records through 1872 when the research work of Rev. Snyder ended.
            The Myers, whose plantation lay about two miles northwest of the church had been residents of St. Davids parish in which Emanuel was located since the eighteenth century.
            The church has sent four men into the itinerant ministry: William H. Lawton, W.G.M. Quarterman, Benjamin C. Franklin, and Francis A. Ratcliff.
            The first missionary society organized in Glynn County was first organized by a quarterly conference held at Emanuel Church March 1, 1856. After the formation of the South Georgia conference, the first quarterly conference held in Glynn County was held at Emanuel Church in 1867.
            The church cemetery which stands across the road from the frame church, is a recent annex to the church property, donated in 1950’s by the Ratcliff family.
            Numerous Ratcliff and Livingston tombstones occupy the burial grounds, with several of the Ratcliff graves from the family plantation.
            Several Taliaferro Alexander Livingstons are buried there also, one whose marker reads 1824-1896, is also distinguished by a Daughters of the Confederacy marker indicating participation in the Civil War.
            Mrs. Frazier Livingston Ledbetter, herself composing a history of the church, relates that the numerous Taliaferro Alexander Livingstons buried in the church cemetery are her predecessors.
            The Livingstons have been in Georgia only 160 years, but came to Florida in the sixteenth century. There have been Taliaferro Alexanders in the family for centuries…it is a Scottish name, and Taliaferro is pronounced Toliver.
            Pauline Scarlett, who attended church at Emanuel when a child along with 11 brothers and sisters, once played the pump organ there.
            She remembers riding in a horse and buggy to and from the church, about two miles from the Scarlett plantation.
            Miss Scarlett noted that during the service the men would sit on one side and the women on the other side of the church.
            Pauline and her brothers and sisters also attended school in a building next to the church.



Friday 23 July 1976

Pg. 16 cols. 3-4


            The McIntosh County Jaycees has initiated a project to raise funds for members of the Charles Wesley Martin family who survived a shooting spree earlier this month at the Martin home.
            Martin, his wife and 11-month-old grandchild survived the wild shooting spree of their former son-in-law, Carl W. Popwell, which resulted in the death of the child’s mother, Mrs. Marylin [sic] Tindale, 21, and Popwell.
            The surviving family members remain hospitalized in Brunswick and the Jaycee project is to help defray the continuing costs of their treatment here.
            Martin was paralyzed in the incident as the result of several blasts from a .12 guage [sic] shotgun; the child was injured from a shotgun wound in the leg; and Mrs. Martin was severely beaten by her former son-in-law in the fracas.
            According to Dale Jenkins, a spokesman for the McIntosh Jaycees, Martin has been in the intensive care unit of the local hospital since the shooting nearly two weeks ago.
            He pointed out that neither Martin nor his wife can work now since Martin is paralyzed by the shotgun blast and his wife was reportedly beaten up while she lay unable to move from a previous stroke.
            Amerson told The News after the shooting that Popwell reportedly entered the Martin residence on July 11 carrying a .12 gauge shotgun and a .45 caliber pistol. Though details of the event are vague, he said, Popwell allegedly beat up his ex-wife’s mother, Jesse Andrews Martin and then shot his ex-wife’s father, Charles Martin, Mrs. Tindale and her baby. Popwell then turned the pistol on himself to take his own life.
            Jenkins said that $2,500 had been collected so far but that has only “put a dent in their expenses,” and added that the Martins had already had medical expenses from Mrs. Martin’s stroke. Jenkins asked that any contributions that people can send should be sent to P.O. Box 555 in Darien c/o Lewis Turner or the Darien Bank where Turner is vice-president.



Friday 10 October 1975

Pg. 2 cols. 3-5


[Photo attached to article by Ron Powers: OVERGROWN PLOTS—Some of the markers within Oak Grove Cemetery are barely visible through the mass of weeds and dead limbs. Many of the monuments have been broken off and the inscriptions have become indiscernible. The earliest grave here is dated 1839, the most recent is dated 1969.]

            The earliest grave at Oak Grove Cemetery is that of William Gillpatrick who was born in 1787 and died in 1839. However, authorities say earlier gravesites could exist.
            Records indicate that Oak Grove was the largest and probably only city cemetery existing before the establishment of Palmetto Cemetery after 1870.
            Another cemetery, Magnolia Cemetery, was reputed to have been on the site of the present Glynn County Junior High School, but may have been a slave cemetery.
            Oak Grove Cemetery is first referred to in city records in 1856 upon the incorporation of Brunswick. At that time a city council was elected and some of its members were appointed to a health and cemetery committee.
            In a council meeting April 12, 1856, a report of the committee recommended: “The city surveyor be ordered to survey and stake off the lands now occupied by the city as the place of interment embracing 10 acres; and that the street commissioner be ordered to procure necessary hands to trim, prune or transplant any tree or trees on said ground, removing all obstructions and enclose according to the plan of survey.”
            Authorities speculate that evidently a burying ground already existed on this site but was not formally surveyed nor fenced.
            A report prepared by the Works Progress Administration in the 1930’s pointed out: “the original tract comprising Oak Grove Cemetery extended westward into Cochran Ave. to a line east of and parallel to the right of way for the present railroad to allow for a western line of the cemetery which was changed at the time the railroad was built. “At this time) all graves possible to (re)locate were removed to another section of the cemetery or to lots in Palmetto Cemetery. Many of these graves were (of) strangers and pauper burials with no permanent markers. This will explain existence of a number of burial plots for which no definite traces of graves exist at this time.”
            The WPA report also said that Oak Grove “has never been divided into sections or definite lot lines, the only clear lot lines being those with fences or copings.”
            In research done by this report, it is not made clear when the apparently Victorian caretaker’s storehouse was erected at the cemetery, nor when the iron fence was acquired, but, according to available information, both were added after 1870 and before 1907.
            On March 15, 1858, a resolution was offered by Alderman Woodbridge to “examine the expedience of fencing the cemetery.” On March 29, the cemetery committee reported this project would cost $175; and by April 19, 1858, it was reported that, “two hands had been employed in white washing the fence.” This report implies the fence was wooded rather than iron.
            Apparently, the survey of the cemetery began before May in 1858 since a committee report noted that family of William Gay may have to be moved in order to properly plan the cemetery. The committee asked to submit a plan which “would interfere less with the present lots.” By July 5, 1858, the committee reported the lots were ready to be numbered.
            By May 24, 1861, the committee observed that the cemetery was in “bad condition,” but not until March 21, 1866, did Alderman B.C. Franklin request to hire a sexton to dig the graves, inter all bodies, and maintain the cemetery.
Late in the year, the council voted to purchase 60 acres of land from Charles Day on the east side of Newcastle Street at $150 per acre to establish a new cemetery. This was done “in view of the prosperity and growth of the city…” and because Oak Grove was “located too near the centre of the city.”
            Among those buried at Oak Grove is Urbanus Dart, (Nov. 9, 1800—Feb. 26, 1883), reputed to be the son of a Revolutionary soldier and the donor of land on which several of Brunswick’s first churches were built. Horace Dart, elected city marshal in 1861, is also buried there.
            Others include Legislator John L. Harris, born in Richmond Co., Va., in 1824 and died in 1876; Dr. Griffin McDonald (1801—1886), one of Brunswick’s first aldermen; and Nicholas Dixon, also one of the first aldermen and a captain who served with the Lawton-Cordan-Evans [sic] Brigade in the Civil War.
            Other aldermen buried at Oak Grove include Charles L. Schlatter, Dr. Benjamin Cargyle and Horace B. Robinson, George Currie, born in Glascow [sic], Scotland, in 1837 and died in 1892; and Dr. John Aldham Wilson, born in Kingston, Canada, March 21, 1838 and died Aug. 22, 1887, are evidence of the number of immigrants who moved to the community, probably during its prosperity after the Civil War.
            Other graves are inscribed with the more familiar names of the founding families for whom Brunswick roadways have been named: Pennick, Townsend, Scranton (Alexander Scranton, born in Saybrook, Conn., Feb. 22, 1906, died Jan. 20, 1867); Goodbread. Also buried there are members of the famous DuBignon family (Mary A., Eliza, Felicite, and Henry R.); the Blain family, possibly that of Brunswick’s second mayor; and the Nightingales.


Pg. 16 cols. 4-5

By Deborah Clark, News Staff Writer

            Despite its obvious historic value, Oak Grove Cemetery in the southend [sic] of Brunswick has been allowed to fall into disrepair over the past 20 years.
            Its once stately iron perimeter has been twisted and torn down in many places by vandals and weeds proliferate there annually. About 10 years ago, vandals violated many of the mausoleums and graves. Afterward some restoration work was done but only part of the damage was repaired.
            While a few of the lots are maintained perpetually, most of the cemetery is overgrown and unkempt. Many of the markers are broken as the result of vandalism or age; numerous tombs are cracked and caskets are exposed to the elements.
            One mausoleum, broken into several years ago, stands gaping with the casket compartment empty. The owners of the desecrated property have long since had the bodies removed and shipped elsewhere.
            Since its establishment before the Civil War, the continual maintenance of the cemetery has been at issue, according to records of the city’s early days. At one point, a sexton was hired for the upkeep of Oak Grove. Today, over 150 years since the site was first used for burial, Oak Grove has fallen into ruin.
            Oak Grove, located between Mansfield and Cochran Streets, contains the graves of many (continued on page 2 cols. 4-5) the city’s founding fathers including its first mayor James E. Houston; as well as several of the first alderman [sic] elected upon the incorporation of Brunswick in 1856.
            Also buried there are members of the Dent family, former owners of nearby Hofwyl Plantation; the sons of Gen. Duncan Clinch for whom Clinch County is named; as well as numerous Civil War veterans.
            City records show that Oak Grove was becoming crowded in 1866, and in 1870 land was purchased for what is now Palmetto Cemetery. It is likely, therefore, that the last lots at Oak Grove were sold before 1870.
            The families of those buried at Oak Grove are dissipating—either moving away or dying out completely, said Ed Hulse, city manager. Hulse explained it is the responsibility of the families or the owners of the plots at Oak Grove to maintain the gravesites, although the cemetery is located within the city.
            “The city of Brunswick is only responsible for the upkeep of the roadways and parkways,” he noted.
            Because Oak Grove’s link with the past, several area organizations voice concern about the cemetery’s run down [sic] condition and are interested in starting some type of restoration campaign. They suggest the project might be a community-wide Bicentennial effort.
            In Atlanta a similar campaign is on-going, and area garden clubs are providing perpetual care which will continue even after the Bicentennial is over.
            Among those to express a desire for restoration at Oak grove is C.S. Tait III, president of the Brunswick Kiwanis Club and a board member of the Old Town Brunswick Preservation Association. Tait, who has ancestors buried at Oak Grove, said the Kiwanians have already considered the restoration of the cemetery as a project this year.
            Albert Fending, Jr., a board member of the Coastal Georgia Historical Society which spearheaded restoration of the St. Simons Island lighthouse keeper’s cottage, said improvement of the cemetery is certainly a worthy endeavor. There is the possibility of funding through the society for a project of this type, he noted.
            Oak Grove is located just outside the boundaries of the Old Town Section of Brunswick. However, there is still a possibility for the cemetery to be included in the National Registry of Historic Sites.
            James Tuten, president of the Old Town Brunswick Association, said the organization will submit an application for the Old Town Section to be placed on the National Registry. Because so many of Brunswick’s most historic sites—the court house and old city hall—are outside the boundaries of the original Old Town area, the organization has taken pains not to limit the area within certain boundaries, he said.
            Tuten said the 100 members of his group would “certainly be sympathetic” of a community effort to restore the cemetery, but at this time the group cannot offer financial support nor singly attempt such a project.
            Since restoration work would obviously require many people and no one group likely could handle the task alone, the Brunswick Bicentennial Committee has offered to coordinate efforts of all groups and individuals interested in the project.
            Dr. John Johnson Bicentennial Committee chairman, said his committee could offer no financial support of a restoration, but would enthusiastically endorse the campaign. He asked that any club or individual interested in participating contact him at [phone number omitted].



Tuesday 18 January 1977

Pg. 12 col. 6


            Property owners at New Hope Plantation today announced plans to deed an old slave graveyard on the premises to either the Glynn County government or any historical organization who will agree to preserve the site as an historical monument.
            Captain Harry Liles, first mortgage holder on the property and Ralph Grover, current legal owner, said today the only provisions they require for any person or institution wishing to take possession of the cemetery is that no new graves be added and the area be maintained regularly.
            The announcement came in the wake of dissention concerning the development of the site. As The News reported earlier, when Grover purchased the land from Liles, renovations and landscaping Grover performed allegedly involved the removal of an undetermined number of tombstones from the graveyard and the plowing under of a portion of the land. Liles sought a legal restraint stopping Grover from development of the area.
            Grover said today he wishes to divest himself of all interest in the land, but with the provision that the cemetery area be set aside and maintained by an official body.



Friday 21 January 1977

Pg. 12 col. 6


            Anne Shelander, of the Coastal Georgia Historical Society, has asked clarification on the CGHS’s interest in the New Hope Plantation Cemetery, as reported in Thursday’s edition of The News.
            “As an historical organization, we are interested in anything historical,” Miss Shelander said, “however, our interest was misconstrued by the cemetery’s owner. We would like to be considered as having an interest in this, but, as yet, it extends only as far as inquiry.”



Saturday 19 January 1980

pg. 2A col. 1


        Dedication ceremonies were held recently for the Anne Braw Zell Memorial Clock Tower given to Brunswick Junior College by Carley Zell in memory of his late wife.
        Dr. John W. Teel welcomed the group of approximately 200 guests at the base of the stately tower and received the tower officially from Zell.
        Dedicatory remarks in memory of Mrs. Zell and her contributions to the community were made by James B. GilbertEmory L. Dawson, president of the Student Life Advisory Council at Brunswick Junior College responded appreciation of the students and acknowledged their contribution toward the base landscaping.
        John H. Starrett, holder of the James D. Compton Chair of Private Enterprise, spoke briefly for the College Faculty and staff.  The invocation was said by Morgan L. Stapleton, academic dean and the benediction was pronounced by the Rev. Talbert Morgan.
        A reception was held immediately following the dedication ceremonies in the Andrews Student Center.  Musical renditions were played on the Anne Braw Zell Carillon during the reception.



About February 1980

By Carolyn Meredith, News Staff Writer  [photo of Mrs. Thompson along with article]

        It was a lovely party and the birthday girl is now well on her way to another year--and century.  Mrs. Tillie Horton Thompson of 2119 Union St. celebrated her hundredth birthday at a party given by her great-granddaughter Mrs. Charles Smith in Brunswick yesterday.
        A bright and lively lady, Mrs. Thompson was born in Jesup back in 1880.  Her actual birthday is today, but the party was held Sunday so as many friends and family as possible could attend.
        On Dec. 13, 1896, sixteen-year old Tillie Horton married Rufus Thompson, a 30-year old carpenter from Toombs County.  Shortly thereafter, they moved to Brunswick--in time for the hurricane of 1898.
        Mrs. Thompson remembers a schoolteacher who took refuge on the second floor of their house.  When the house began to shake badly in the high winds, the teacher made a hasty descent down the stairs to run to safety, "still putting on his britches."  Her daughter, Mrs. Stoney Glover, remembers hearing stories of the dead being carried out of houses when the area around what is now Hercules was flooded.
        Mrs. Thompson was the second oldest child in a family of eight.  She had three brothers and four sisters.  One of the sisters died recently at the age of 90.
        Her father died at the age of 95, active to the end of his life.  Shortly before he died, he could still jump "straight up and click his heels together," according to Mrs. Glover who lives with her mother an cares for her.
        Mrs. Thompson is a little hard of hearing and her eyesight isn't what it used to be, but she is still bright-eyed and active.  A broken pelvis a year ago has mended and she is walking and enjoying life as always.
        "I've had good luck all my life," she said, adding "the Lord has blessed me."
        She and Rufus had three daughters.  Today her descendants include eight grandchildren, 21 great-grandchildren, 31 great-great-grandchildren, and one small great-great-great-grandchild.
        Mrs. Thompson has never smoked, but she does take a toddy at night which "keeps her going" said Mrs. Glover.
        Sixty-five friends and relatives attended the celebration which featured a cake with 100 candles on it.  The century-old woman's well-wishes expressed hope she lives to see many more.



Friday 29 August 1980

Pg. 2A cols. 7-8


            Three men were indicted for separate slayings, two on murder charges and one on motor vehicle homicide, by a Glynn County Grand Jury yesterday.
            Gary H. Odum, 27 and Bracie Lee Adams, 30, were charged with murder in two separate cases. Odum is accused of the beating death of his father, W.C. Odum, 53. An autopsy report concluded the victim had died from internal injuries inflicted on his rib cage.
            Adams was indicted in the shooting death of Michael Mangrum, Mangrum had reportedly accused Adams of slashing his car tires the night before the July shooting incident, and had gone to Adam’s house for a confrontation. Mangrum was shot with a .357 magnum pistol.
            John Robert Nichols, 28, was indicted in connection with the hit-and-run death of 14-year-old Charles (Chuck) Lee Creel who was riding his bicycle on Ga. Highway 303 at the time of the incident. Witnesses told police they had seen Nichol’s 1971 Plymouth Fury strike the boy on his bike. Nichols is charged with homicide by motor vehicle in the first degree.
            All three men are currently being held under bond at the Glynn County Detention Center.



Monday 3 May 1982

Pg. 12A cols. 1-6 [photo included in original article]

KKK Visit Here Sunday Brief; Ends Peacefully.

            Some 18 members of the Ku Klux Klan, including some from McIntosh County, were in Glynn County briefly Sunday afternoon handing out literature to passing motorists on Altama Avenue in the area near Nottingham Drive.
            The Klansmen and at least one woman arrived from McIntosh County around 2:25 p.m. dressed in robes and carrying the stars and bars flag of the old Confederacy.  They were met by several units of the Glynn County Police Department and some members of the Brunswick Police Department.  Brunswick police chief Eugene Douglas and county police chief Eugene Rame were also present as was Glynn County administrator Roy Brogdon.
            Rame and Brogdon spoke with the apparent Klan leaders, one of whom was a large, bearded man who had accompanied Imperial Wizard Bill Wilkinson of Denham Springs, La. when he visited Darien in March of this year.  At that time, the Klan was in the area as part of a recruitment drive for Klan members.
            Rame and Brogdon also spoke with McIntosh Klan leader Jody HowardRame said he told the men they could hand out literature for some 10 to 15 minutes, but that at the first sign of trouble they would have to leave.
            Shortly after this, a group of some 15 or more blacks arrived at the scene.  They came up on the other side of Altama Avenue from the Klansmen, but were trying to cross the street.  Rame then ordered the Klansmen to return to their vehicles and gave orders that county police units should escort them back to the county line.  The Klansmen did as they were told and confrontation was avoided.  The Klansmen left around 2:40 p.m.
            Rame said the Klan had first contacted him Thursday to advise him of plans to hand out literature.  They had originally sought and received a permit for this from the city, but the permit was then withdrawn, Rame said.  No permit was required in the county.
            Observers agreed the potential situation was well handled.  Traffic was tied up in the area briefly, but was dispersed efficiently once the Klansmen had left.

PHOTO CAPTION—GATHERING OF THE KLAN—Glynn County Police Chief Eugene Rame meets with Ku Klux Klan leaders Sunday afternoon to tell them how they will be permitted to hand out Klan literature on Altama Avenue.  Some 18 Klansmen, including at least one woman, came to Glynn County from McIntosh County to distribute their materials.  They were told to leave after about 15 minutes when a group of blacks began gathering.  (News Photo/Carolyn Meredith).



Wednesday 20 June 1984

Pg. 8A col. 3

            Mr. and Mrs. Terrell Carmena announce the birth of a daughter, Felica Benita, on June 1.
            Grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Wallace of St. Simons Island, and Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Green of Southern Road.
            Mrs. Carmena is the former Barbara Wallace.



Friday 7 November 1986

Pg. 3A col. 3


            A Brunswick man has been arrested on a charge of kidnapping in connection with an Oct. 24 incident.
            Woodrow Wilson Cobb Jr., 34, of Route 5, Box 166, was arrested by Brunswick police Thursday at 3:10 p.m.
            According to Lt. Jesse H. Wofford, chief of the city’s police detective division, Cobb was charged after a 29-year-old Brunswick woman reported to police she had been kidnapped at gunpoint from the Two Spot Lounge on L Street.
            Shirley Benchman of Brunswick told police she and a friend had been at the establishment Oct. 24 when she was approached by Cobb, who was her ex-boyfriend, Wofford said.
            Cobb produced a gun and made Ms. Benchman go with him to a car in the 2100 block of Johnson Street, then drove her to a Sterling residence, Wofford said.
            Ms. Benchman and Cobb got out of the vehicle and argued, and Cobb allegedly shot at the woman, Wofford said.
            Cobb eventually returned Ms. Benchman to her residence, he said. Ms. Benchman reported the incident to the city police and then took out a warrant against Cobb, Wofford said.
            Cobb is being held in the Glyn [sic] County Detention Center without bond.



Monday 30 January 1989

Pg. 8A cols. 1&2

[photo of J.J. Jones in column 2]

            Mr. and Mrs. John H. Jones announce the engagement of their daughter, Elizabeth Johnette Jones, to Ray Gary Glendenning Jr., son of Karen Glendenning and Ray G. Glendenning Sr.
            The bride-elect is a senior at Glynn Academy and is employed with United Artist Company. She is the granddaughter of the late Ida M. Jones Williams, the late Charles C. Jones and the late Hampton K. and Agnes D. Snell.
            Mr. Glendenning is a 1987 graduate of Glynn Academy and serves in the U.S. Navy. He is the grandson of the late Viola and Aubrey Hyers and the late Ray Glendenning and the late Virginia Glendenning Howell.
            A 6:30 p.m. wedding is planned for June 10 at the Blythe Island Baptist Church. A reception will follow at the church social hall.
            Friends and relatives of the couple are invited to attend.



Monday 3 July 1989

Pg. 11A cols. 1-3

[photo of couple included in article]

            Elizabeth Johnette Jones and Ray Gary Glendenning Jr. exchanged wedding vows June 10 at Blythe Island Baptist Church. The Rev. Dr. Kenneth D. Willbanks performed the 6:30 p.m. candlelight service and nuptial music was presented by Mrs. Johnny Dixon and Kellie King.
            The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John H. Jones and the groom’s parents are Ray G. Glendenning and Mrs. Karen Glendenning.
            Given in marriage by her father, the bride wore a satin gown featuring a Queen Anne neckline with re-embroidered Raschel lace and Venise lace motifs. The Basque bodice with deep U-back was adorned with pearl strands draping from neckline to center back and long Renaissance sleeves with re-embroidered Raschel lace and Venise lace motifs. The full satin skirt had cut out appliques of Raschel and Venise lace, which also edged the cathedral-length train.
            The gown was complemented by a hat covered with Raschel lace appliques with pearls and sequins, a satin band on the crown and pearl sprays, with a two-tiered rolled edge finger tip length veil. She wore a cross necklace belonging to her mother and carried a cascading bouquet of yellow roses with lace and pearl sprays and satin streamers.
            The couple spoke their vows at an altar decorated with brass candelabra with lighted tapers, Boston ferns and Oreka palms and an arrangement of glads, carnations, spider mums, Alstromeria lilies and baby’s breath in white wicker baskets.
            Mrs. Larry Higginbotham was matron of honor and bridesmaids were Kathie Lynn Holt and Wynette Brinson, all of Brunswick. Junior bridesmaids were Melissa and Melinda Sanford of this city and Nancy Tabor of Bloomingdale. The attendants’ emerald green satin gowns were fashioned with bow-shaped ruffled off-the-shoulder sleeves and a Basque waist with full skirt. Each carried a nosegay of pink and yellow sweetheart roses with baby’s breath and matching streamers.
            Ray Glendenning was his son’s best man and usher-groomsmen were Paul Sanford and Allen Hamilton.
            A reception was held in the fellowship hall of the curch. The party area was decorated with Oreka palms and Boston ferns and an arrangement of pink and white flowers. The bride’s cake was a three-tiered confection with bridesmaids, bride and groom, and cupids on top.
            Following a brief honeymoon, the newlyweds are residing in Hampton, Va.
            Prior to the wedding, several parties were given in honor of the couple. Mrs. Allen Hamilton was hostess for a lingerie shower for the bride; a miscellaneous and pantry shower was hosted by Mrs. Charles Oldag, Sherry Oldag, Brenda Henderson and Mrs. Pat Reddick, and a miscellaneous shower hosted by the members of the Three T’s Sunday School Class of Blythe Island Baptist Church. The home of Robert Douthitt was the site of the rehearsal dinner hosted by the groom’s mother.



Friday 7 July 1989

Pg. 8A col. 7


            The descendants of Flora Brown and Dave Spearing will hold a family reunion July 7-9.
            Earlier today, the family toured Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation. At 6 p.m., they will gather at the home of Henry and Martha Jones, 2527 Cherry St. in Brunswick for a seafood get-together.
            On Saturday at 11 a.m., they will meet in the gym at Selden Park. A group picture will be taken promptly at 11. A buffet luncheon will be served at noon.
            On Sunday at 11 a.m., they will attend services at the Needwood Baptist Church in Needwood. AT 1 p.m. they will gather at the South Dunes picnic area on Jekyll Island for a picnic.
            For more information, call Marsha Jones [phone number omitted—ALH].



Friday 21 May 1993

Pg. 12A cols. 1-3

By Lisa R. Schoolcraft, News Staff Writer

            A Brunswick man pleaded guilty to a federal bank robbery charge Thursday morning in U.S. District Court in Brunswick.
            Larry E. Brockington, 43, of 2322 Norwich St. was arrested March 5 after robbing the Trust Company Bank on Norwich Street.
            The bank reported $14,550 in cash was taken during the robbery, court documents show.
            Brockington was arrested a short time after the robbery by two Glynn County sheriff’s deputies after Brunswick police officers recognized him from the bank camera’s photographs.
            Brockington had $11,000 to $12,000 in cash in his possession at the time of his arrest at a Jiffy Store on U.S. Highways 82 and 17.
            Brockington was indicted April 2 on a federal charge of bank robbery and pleaded guilty to the charge before U.S. District Judge Anthony A. Alaimo Thursday morning.
            According to testimony during a March 10 detention hearing, Brockington allegedly told police, “This is my first time. I didn’t know it would be so easy. I didn’t have a gun or nothing. I just walked in and got the money.”
            After speaking with FBI Agent Michael Alig a little longer, Brockington then allegedly told him, “I did it but I wish I hadn’t done it now.”
            Brockington also told the FBI agent he had been drinking for four days prior to the robbery, the testimony indicates.
            Brockington will face sentencing at a later time. He faces up to 20 years in prison and a $250,00 fine.
            Brunswick attorney Lisa Godbey is representing Brockington. Assistant U.S. Attorney William McAbee is representing the federal government.



Monday 3 July 1995

Pg. 7A cols. 1 &2


            Mary Moses Walker of Brunswick and Jerry Walker of Key West, Fla., announce the forthcoming marriage of their daughter, Anita Bernette Walker, to Enous Leon Bess, son of Mr. and Mrs. C.D. [sic] Bess Sr. of Brunswick.
            The bride-elect is the granddaughter of the late William Frederick Moses, the late Mabel Moses, and the late Fannie Walker. She is a graduate of Glynn Academy and is employed by Motel 6.
            Mr. Bess is the grandson of the late Mr. and Mrs. E.H. Mackey of Glenwood, the late Charlie Bess and the late Louisa Bess, formerly of Needwood Community. He is a graduate of Glynn Academy and is employed by Sweat’s Furniture Inc.
            A 6 p.m. wedding is planned July 29 on the lawn of the new Glynn County Courthouse. A reception will follow at Mr. Jay’s Lounge at 7 p.m.
            Friends and relatives of the couple are invited to attend.



Monday 24 February 1997

Pg. 7A col. 1


            Rubelle Carroll announces the engagement of her daughter, Harriet Carroll Drummond, to Alex Dewayne Weston, son of Connie B. Weston and Alexander J. Weston.
            Ms. Drummond is the daughter of the late Ernest Carroll, formerly of Fancy Bluff, and is the granddaughter of the late James and Mamie Hopkins Sr. and the late William and Tina Carroll. She is a graduate of Risley High School and attended Coastal Georgia Community College. She is employed by Southeast Georgia Regional Medical Center in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit.
            Mr. Weston is a graduate of Brunswick high School and attended Augusta Tech. He is the grandson of Elethia Byard and the late Walter Byard and the late Joseph Weston and the late Edna Spearing.
            A March 22 wedding is planned at First African Baptist Church. A reception will follow at Comfort Inn.



Tuesday 5 August 1997

Pg. 6A col. 5

            Vallee Williams and Terrell Carmena Jr. announce the birth of a daughter, T’yana Latrell, July 14.
            Grandparents are Kenneth Williams, Willie P. Allen, and Terrell and Barbara Carmena.








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  nor is it to be printed in any resource books or materials. Thank you!

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